All courses, arranged by program, are listed in the catalog. If you cannot locate a specific course, try the Advanced Search. Current class schedules, with posted days and times, can be found on the NOW/Student Dashboard or by logging in to SiS.
This course draws upon the equations of motion in the atmosphere to develop a theoretical understanding of the atmospheric boundary layer. This understanding is compared with real observations taken with the Department's rawinsonde equipment, as well as published data. The emphasis is on blending theory and practice to enhance the student's understanding of the behavior of the atmosphere.
This course is designed for graduate students who have a strong background in mathematics and physics, but whose meteorology preparation is weak. The basic concepts of weather forecasting and analysis on synoptic scales are covered theoretically as well as in application to case studies and current weather. The coursework encourages the development of three - dimensional visualization techniques and an appreciation of the physics which controls weather systems.
This course is a survey of ground based, balloon, rocket probe, radar and satellite remote sensing techniques. Optical and radio frequency remote sensing techniques are surveyed. The focus is on the determination of physical, chemical and dynamical quantities by remote sensing measurements. The theory is presented used to interpret data obtained by remote sensing techniques. Various inversion methods are discussed used to obtain spatial discrete quantities from line - of - sight observations. Modeling and simulation techniques are described and practiced.
The main elements of the Climate System are the atmosphere, ocean, biosphere, land surface, and the cryosphere; the primary input of energy is from the Sun. This course examines these elements, the ways in which they interact and how they can be modeled. The Global Energy Budget is examined and both natural and human-caused climate change are considered.
Mesoscale atmospheric dynamics and regional climate dynamics. Application of regional weather and climate model to regional weather, climate modeling and forecast problems. Multi-scale physical processes, such as mesoscale and convective-scale phenomena, low-level jets, mountain waves and orographic precipitation, land/sea breezes, cyclones etc., will be discussed in order to understand the linkage between regional weather and climate.
Pre-req: ATMO 2340 Scientific FORTRAN Programming, ATMO 3010 Atmospheric Dynamics and ATMO 4150 Advanced Atmospheric Dynamics I.
This course explores the essentials of cloud physics, beginning with the basic laws of thermodynamics of both dry and moist atmospheres. Condensation, nucleation, and drop growth are studied in detail at an advanced level.
The temperature, pressure and density structure of the atmosphere are reviewed, as well as the chemical composition. Topics include atmospheric and solar radiation, atmospheric heat budget and the hypsometric equation. Dynamics of the atmosphere explores the behavior of fluids on a rotating earth, global circulation, synoptic scale motions, perturbation theory of wave motions. Elements of climatic change and the effects of anthropogenic emissions on climate and weather will also be discussed.
This course is designed for students to apply atmospheric dynamics and physical analysis techniques to mesoscale and convective-scale phenomena, including mesoscale convective systems, severe thunderstorms, tornadoes, dry lines, low-level jets, mountain waves and orographic precipitation, land/sea breezes, boundary layer rolls, and hurricanes. Emphasis will be given to the physical understanding of these processes instead of forecasting.
Pre-req: ATMO 3010 Atmospheric Thermodynamics, and ATMO 4150 Advanced Atmospheric Dynamics.
This is the first of a two-course sequence that provides graduate students a combined theoretical and applied understanding of synoptic-scale meteorology, with an emphasis on forecasting applications. The first course introduces the concepts of vorticity advection and the quasi-geostrophic approximation, and applies them synoptic-scale cyclones, including nor'easters. The graduate students will learn to use Gempak graphics and will be introduced to the National Weather Service Weather Event Simulator, a combined hardware and software package that simulates the NWS forecast environment.
This is the second of a two-course sequence that provides graduate students a combined theoretical and applied understanding of synoptic-scale meteorology, with an emphasis on forecasting applications. This second course builds on the content of the first, extending quasi-geostrophic approximation to Q-vectors and isentropic potential vorticity. The National Weather Service Weather Event Simulator, a combined hardware and software package that stimulates the NWS forecast environment will be used to study case studies that have been programmed for the Simulator. Together with 85.518, this two-course sequence satisfies the NWS certification requirements for analysis and prediction of weather systems.
This course describes air pollutants, their characterization, ambient concentrations, effects on human health and the ecology, and the environmental laws and regulations that set standards on emission rates and ambient concentrations. The basics of air pollutant dispersion and transport are also covered. The main focus of the course is on emission control technologies for particulate matter, carbon monoxide, sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides, organic and inorganic toxic pollutants. The following technologies are discussed: cyclones, scrubbers, electrostatic precipitators, baghouses, adsorption, absorption and incineration. The automobile and its emission control are reviewed. Alternative methods are also discussed, such as fuel substitution, conservation and efficiency improvement.
The basic wave types and fundamental dynamics of atmospheric motion are considered through analytical and numerical modeling of the main simplifications (models) of the full equations of motion for the atmosphere. These models are derived by making assumptions that greatly simplify the full equations and which isolate individual wave types and specific physical mechanisms. Together, these models describe the basic aspects of atmospheric motion: the maintenance and structure of the jet stream, the genesis and propagation of synoptic storms, and the forced and internal contributions to seasonal patterns of midlatitude climate variability.
This course builds on the student's basic understanding of storm systems and extends their theoretical knowledge to particular weather patterns. Topics include nowcasting, long-range forecasting, snow squalls, sea breeze, and especially deep convection. Particular attention is paid to the structure and development of supercells. Students will also be required to write a special report on a topic assigned by the professor, and present this in class as a special lecture.
An introduction to the tropical atmosphere, including tropical climatology, structure and dynamics of easterly waves, tropical cyclones and monsoon circulation's.
Pre-Req: ENVI.2020 Earth & Env Systems II.
There is currently no description available for this course.
The course centers on transport, dispersion and transformation of air pollutants in the atmosphere. Atmospheric structure and dynamics are reviewed. The atmospheric dispersion equation is developed for instantaneous and steady- state releases of pollutants, including the Gaussian Plume Equation for point, line and area sources. The sources and transport of particulate matter are discussed, including haze and visibility impairment. Other topics are photooxidants (ozone), acid deposition, stratospheric ozone depletion and the greenhouse effect.
The purpose of this course is to provide the middle school teacher with: a thorough understanding of several key concepts and processes of meteorology; the ability to effectively present meteorology topics that are appropriate for the middle school science classroom; the tools necessary to develop inquiry based lessons for the classroom.
Professional experience with a private of public employer. Written report and supervisor evaluation required.
Continuing Graduate Research at the PhD level. May be taken for variable credit.
Research on dissertation or other research areas as required by the program and the student's advisor.
The Graduate Seminar in Environmental Sciences includes speaker presentations by invited external and internal faculty, as well as student presentations. Graduate seminar students will also be expected to evaluate professional papers and complete several writing assignments specific to presentations and/or research papers. The class includes interdisciplinary topics in Atmospheric Sciences, Geosciences, and Environmental Sciences. The goals are to improve oral and written communication skills and expand knowledge of state-of-the-art research approaches and research themes.
Open to Graduate Students in Environmental Studies.
This course will cover most of the elements of a geographic information system commonly found in basic and mid-level GIS applications. Topics will include file organization, data entry including digitizing and image registration, geocoding, thematic mapping, Structured Query Language (SQL) applications, map algebra, raster operations, interpolative methods, distance mapping, density mapping, cost surfaces, and an introduction to modeling. This course will use the Arcview GIS platform.
This class is designed for graduate students in Environmental, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Environmental Engineering, Environmental Chemistry and Biology. The class describes the origin, transport, and transformation of pollutants in the environmental behavior and biological impacts of contaminants. Students also will learn about national and international regulations regards pollutant emissions and technology for control and remediation.
Pre-req: ENVI.2010 Earth Environmental Systems I, or CHEM.1210 Chemistry I, and CHEM.1220 Chemistry II, or Permission of Instructor.
Like many of the 'grand challenges' currently facing society, climate change is a complex problem that cuts across academic disciplines, including the physical sciences, biology, engineering, economics, political sciences, and behavioral psychology. In this course, we integrate recent research from many of these disciplines to explore the scientific basis of climate change, its impacts on the natural world and human society, and societal responses to it. Through interactive simulations, class discussions, lectures, current scientific literature, and student-led projects, the goal of this course is to empower students to come to their own decisions about how society can address the climate change challenge. Students taking this course at the graduate level will lead group projects.
Co-req: ENVI.5170L Climate Change: Science, Communication, Solutions Recitation Lab.
This course is designed to integrate closely with the lecture course, Climate Change: Science, Communication, and Solutions. Students will use interactive simulations, build models, and create media projects that explore climate change and sustainability. Topics include the physical climate system and carbon cycle, human energy systems, and climate policy and economics. Students take this course at the graduate level will lead group projects.
Co-req: ENVI.5160 Climate Change: Science, Communication, Solutions.
This course describes, and illustrates with case studies, environmental evaluation required to implement projects and policies potentially affecting the environment. Methods available to integrate technical impact predictions, prepare Environmental Statements, and make informed decisions regarding environmental effects will be covered. Incorporation of sustainability and permitting with environmental analyses will also be examined.
This course discusses the world and U.S. primary energy resources and consumption, including fossil, nuclear and renewable energy sources. Principles of thermodynamics are reviewed, especially in regard to energy usage efficiency improvement. A significant part of the course is devoted to electricity production, including site visits to fossil and nuclear power plants. The environmental effects are discussed of energy extraction and consumption, such as SOx, NOx and particulate matter emissions, acid deposition, the greenhouse effect, radioactive waste disposal. Also the risks of accidents are discussed in fossil and nuclear fuel usage.
The course is designed to help teachers from all levels improve their ability to foster student learning about the earth's changing climate. The course addresses the scientific, sociological, and pedagogical dimensions associated with climate change science. How to incorporate climate change into existing curriculum across disciplines is considered.
This course provides students with an overview of paleoclimatology by examining the use of proxy records, such as marine and lake sediment sequences, ice cores, tree rings, corals and historical data to reconstruct past climatic conditions. Dating methods will be introduced. Throughout, we will critically analyze our understanding of past climates and environments and identify directions for future research. Topics include: abrupt climate change, human evolution and climate, biosphere-climate interactions and paleoclimate modeling.
This course follows the path of material as it is weathered form bedrock, moved down hillslopes and transported via glaciers and rivers. Emphasis is on 1) quantifying erosion and sediment transport, 2) applying computer-based models and conservation of mass equations to earth surface processes and 3) understanding long-term landform evolution.
The origin and evolution of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Emphasis will be on physical and chemical processes, magma transport and crystallization, phase equilibria, development of metamorphic facies, open and closed system behavior, and the development of metamorphic fabric.
Co-req: 89.506 Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology Laboratory.
Identification and classification of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Emphasis is on thin section identification and use of rock textures and compositions as guides to petrogenesis.
Co-req: 89.504 Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology.
New England has an ancient and diverse geologic history. This course covers the tectonic and sedimentary processes that formed the bedrock of New England and New York, the Pleistocene history of ice sheet erosion and deposition, and the most recent period of human interactions with the landscape.
Pre-req: ENVI.2010 Earth Systems: Geosphere, or GEOL.3190 Earth Surface Processes, or GEOL.3310 Earth History.
We live in a remarkable era of robotic space exploration. In this course, we will walk through the formation of the Solar System and the comparative evolutions of the planets, moons, and other objects form a geological perspective, with special attention paid to the latest research and missions. We will also consider the prospects for life on other planetary bodies in our Solar System and in extrasolar planetary systems.
Pre-req: CHEM.1110 General Chemistry I, and PHYS.1030 General Physics I, and GEOL.1010 General Geology.
Case-based course dealing with the application of thermodynamics and kinetics, acid-base equilibria, oxidation-reduction reactions, radioactive and stable isotopes, and mineral chemistry to the understanding and solution of environmental problems. Other topics will be considered based on student interest.
An analysis of crustal deformation through detailed study of geologic structures with emphasis upon the response of geologic materials to stress and strain. Field techniques, tectonic principles, and geometrical analysis are employed.
Co-req: GEOL 5200L Structural Geology Laboratory.
Concentrating on the storage and steady state flow of ground water at a basin-wide scale, thecourse studies flow nets, fluid potential, and numerical modeling of flow controlled by basingeometry and geology; water movement in the zone of aeration, the interaction of groundwaterwith surface water, the transport and dispersion of contaminants, and the use of modeling forgroundwater management.
This course covers the concepts and practice of mathematical and numerical modeling of saturated groundwater flow and solute transport. Students will use industry-standard groundwater modeling software, including MODFLOW, MODPATH, MT3DMS, SEAWAT, and PHT3D for single- and variable-density flow, particle tracking, and solute and reactive transport. Emphasis will be on formulating mathematical representations of flow, use of groundwater models with graphical user interfaces, and post-processing and analysis of model results.
Pre-req: GEOL.3140 Hydrogeology, and MATH.1310 Calculus I.
The course will show how radioactive and stable isotopes can be used to understand environmental and geological systems. Topics to be covered include radiometric dating using short and long half-life isotopes, radiogenic isotopic tracers, and stable isotopes.
Fundamentals of geology applied to environmental and engineering problems. Topics include minerals and rocks, soil properties, rock mechanics, active tectonics and earthquake hazards, slope stability and landslides, groundwater, rivers and flood hazards, coastal processes, and site assessment. Student project.
Principles and processes of sedimentation: erosion, mechanics of transport, diagenesis and lithification, models for sedimentary environments. Development of the stratigraphic record, relative and absolute time, and seismic stratigraphy.
Co-req: 89.554 Sedimentation and Stratigraphy Laboratory.
Determination of mass properties of sediments with emphasis on mechanical and statistical analysis, identification and description of sedimentary rocks, facies models and stratigraphic cross-sections.
Co-req: 89.552 Sedimentation and Stratigraphy.
Application of geophysics to problems in geology and environmental science. Principles and techniques of gravity, magnetic, electrical, and seismic methods. Field projects and surveys.
Application of chemical principles to geological and environmental problems. Topics include abundance and distribution of elements in the earth, Crystal chemistry, stable and radiogenic isotopes, radiogenic dating, isotopic and elemental tracers, water-rock interactions.
This course will introduce students to basic oceanographic principles and processes. Content will be linked to National and State Science Standards. Students will create a number of oceanography-based lessons linked to the standards. Pedagogy will be modeled in relation to teacher instruction and student learning.
Student/Instructor selected in-depth study of a specific topic(s) within the Environmental Geosciences of a closely related field.