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IDEA: To provide a free, appropriate, public education in the least restrictive environment to eligible students with disabilities, including special education and related services.
504/ADA: To ensure that no otherwise qualified person with a disability is denied access to, benefits of, or is subjected to discrimination in any program or activity provided by any public institution or entity.
504/ADA: To ensure that no otherwise qualified person with a disability will be denied access to, or the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination by any program or activity provided by any public institution or entity.
All infants, children and youth requiring special education services, until age 21 or graduation from high school
All qualified persons with disabilities who meet the entry age level criteria or particular program entry criteria of the college and who can document the existence of a disability as defined by the ADA.
A list of disabilities is provided in IDEA, and includes specific learning disabilities.
504/ADA has no such list, but considers a person with a disability to have any physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, has a record of such an impairment, or is regarded as having an impairment.
Any physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, having a record of such an impairment, or being regarded as having an impairment (504/ADA); ADA also includes HIV status and contagious and noncontagious diseases.
School districts are responsible are identifying, evaluating, and planning educational services at no expense to parent or individual.
Students are responsible for self-identification and for obtaining disability documentation from a professional who is qualified to assess their particular disability; cost of the evaluation must be assumed by the student, not the institution
School districts are responsible for identifying students with disabilities and providing special instruction, individualized educational plans, and/or accommodations.
Students are responsible for notifying the Disability Support Services staff of their disability and of their need for accommodations. Accommodations (not special education) are provided on a semester-by-semester basis in order for students with disabilities to have equal access to the institution's programs and activities.
IDEA is basically a funding statute, enforced by the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services in the U.S. Department of Education.
ADA/504 are civil rights statutes, enforced by the Office for Civil Rights (OCR), U.S. Department of Justice, and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC).
This is basically a civil rights statute so the Office of Civil Rights in the U.S. Department of Education for 504, and primarily the U.S. Department of Justice, in conjunction with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (ADA)
The parent or guardian is the primary advocate. Students with disabilities learn about their disability, the importance of advocacy, the accommodations they need, and ways to become a self-advocate.
Students must be able to communicate what their disability is, their strengths and weaknesses, how the disability impacts and functionally limits major life activities, and identify any requested accommodations.
Adapted from Kay McVey, Faculty Development Specialist, PROJECT CONNECT, Henderson State University