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Tsongas Industrial History Center Celebrates 30 Years of Hands-On Learning

Education Partnership Between UML and Lowell National Historical Park Was a First

Tsongas Industrial History Center Director Sheila Kirschbaum with students in the Working on the Line workshop Photo by K. Webster
Tsongas Industrial History Center Director Sheila Kirschbaum has witnessed its growth over the past 30 years.

11/08/2022
By Katharine Webster

When Sheila Kirschbaum’s son began going to kindergarten in Lowell in 1989, she was teaching English at Rivier University in Nashua, New Hampshire.

“Here I was, a teacher, and I thought, ‘I can’t just send my little Andy to the Lowell Public Schools without learning more about them and figuring out what I can do to support them,’” she says.

Kirschbaum began attending monthly meetings of Lowell’s Citywide Parent Council, which were facilitated by Mary Bacigalupo, coordinator of partnerships for UML’s School of Education and a community activist. 

From left to right in this 1988 black and white photo: then-U.S. Rep. Chester Atkins, the late Massachusetts Sen. Paul Tsongas, and the first director of the Tsongas Industrial History Center, the late Ed Pershey. Photo by Tsongas Industrial History Center archives
From left, former U.S. Rep. Chester Atkins, the late Sen. Paul Tsongas and the late Ed Pershey discuss federal funding for the Tsongas Industrial History Center in 1988. Pershey became the center's first director when it opened in 1991.
Soon enough, Kirschbaum was the chair-elect of the council, even as a new university-community educational partnership was in the works: the Tsongas Industrial History Center, a collaboration between the School of Education and Lowell National Historical Park

Funded by federal grants and budget appropriations and championed by the late U.S. Rep. Paul Tsongas, the park was the first to focus on industrial history when it opened in 1978. The new education partnership was also the first of its kind when it opened in the Boott Cotton Mills, a former textile mill complex, on Oct. 15, 1991.

Kirschbaum began working as a part-time museum teacher six months later, introducing schoolchildren to industrial history and technology, labor and immigration history and the environment through practical activities.

“It was hands-on industrial history, which is human history. We asked questions like, ‘How did people get here? How was cloth even made? Where was the cotton for the cloth coming from? What was the impact on the environment?’” says Kirschbaum, who became the Tsongas Industrial History Center’s director in 2011. “I was hooked. There was no going back.”

History major Bradley Sherwood '20 had a work-study job all four years at the Tsongas Industrial History Center Photo by K. Webster
Bradley Sherwood '20 is among the many UML history majors who have interned and worked at the park to gain museum, research and teaching experience.
Over the past three decades, more than 1.4 million students, summer campers, teachers, international educators, and National Science Foundation and National Endowment for the Humanities-funded teaching fellows have attended the center’s programs in person. Thousands of other students and teachers have participated in the live, online field trips the center developed during the COVID-19 pandemic.

The center quickly became a model for educational partnerships between other national parks and teaching colleges. 

Under its first director, Ed Pershey, and School Liaison Dorrie Kehoe, it also forged an enduring partnership with the Lowell Public Schools. In 1994, Kirschbaum was at the table when they agreed that the center would discount its prices for the city, and in turn every Lowell fourth-grader would come on a field trip.

“We want to give them pride of place,” Kirschbaum says now. “Of all the things I’ve ever done here, I’m most pleased about that partnership and the fact that everyone around that table was interested in making that happen.”

A boy weaves cloth in the Bale to Bolt workshop at the Tsongas Industrial History Center Photo by K. Webster
A boy learns to weave in the Bale to Bolt workshop during a summer camp.
In early October, just before the center turned 31, some of the founders, alumni and current and former student interns gathered with city, park and university officials at UML’s Bellegarde Boathouse to celebrate three decades of success and look forward to the next 30.

Among them was Harold Crowley, a retired middle-school science teacher from Quincy, Massachusetts, who served on the center’s first teacher advisory board and donates $1,000 to an endowment benefiting its programs every year.

That teacher advisory board helped the center’s educators figure out how to design the hands-on workshops and connect them to the school curriculum. The hands-on workshops include the Water Power room, where students can test water wheels and build canals before or after visiting the park’s River Transformed exhibit in the Suffolk Mill, and Bale to Bolt, where students learn how to weave manually on individual looms and tour the park’s industrial weave room with its power looms.

Students build canals in the Tsongas Industrial History Center's Water Power workshop Photo by K. Webster
Girls work together to build canals in the Water Power room.
The teacher advisory board even came up with the idea for one of the workshops, Workers on the Line, in which students do repetitive tasks on a simulated manufacturing line while “overseers” keep speeding up production and cutting the workers’ wages until they “strike.” The students also tour the museum’s boarding house or immigration exhibits.

Crowley and other science and history teachers in Quincy designed a whole curriculum, “Farm to Factory Through Technology,” around their annual Tsongas Industrial History Center field trip and a similar field trip to Old Sturbridge Village. Not only was their curriculum named a National Program of Excellence by former President George H.W. Bush, but students continued to be inspired by their experiences in Lowell for years, Crowley says.

“They never forget that day,” he says. “I’ve been retired for 27 years now, and I still have former students who remember their visits to Lowell and Sturbridge.”

At the 30th anniversary event, several people who were involved in the history center from its early days were recognized, including Crowley; Don Pierson, dean of the School of Education at the time of the center’s founding, former center Curriculum Specialist Elizabeth Hoermann and Kehoe, the school liaison. 

Education Ranger Frank Clark constructs a canal during a livestreamed virtual field trip offered by the Tsongas Industrial History Center Photo by Tsongas Industrial History Center
Teaching Ranger Frank Clark livestreaming an interactive, virtual field trip during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Over three decades, strong support from the university, local and national elected officials and the national park have helped the center to survive despite recessions and state budget cuts, federal government shutdowns and a prolonged closure during the COVID-19 pandemic, Kirschbaum says. 

Now, the center is working on a new strategic plan that will continue its legacy of innovation, especially in developing lessons and field trips centered on climate change, civics education and social justice, Kirschbaum says.

“Teachers need more programming on these issues,” she says. “Anything we can do to help students understand the natural world and human impacts – the world we became as Lowell was blazing its path as an industrial leader, without seeing potential impacts to the planet – we’re going to do.

"And maybe we can help students envision technology that will help us solve some of the problems we now face.”