Cost Share is the portion of a project or program cost not borne by the sponsor. It is the University's share in the cost of conducting the project / program. Cost sharing occurs either when a sponsor requires, or the University commits in a proposal, funds beyond those awarded by the sponsoring agency to support a particular grant or contract.
Cost sharing may be required by federal or non-federal sponsors, and the obligation must be met using non-federal funds. Only charges that would be allowable as direct costs to the award are allowable as cost sharing. (Non-federal may be more flexible). Federal flow through funds may not be used as a cost sharing source unless prior written approval has been received from both the federal sponsor and the flow through sponsor.
The "cost share" pledge may be either a fixed amount of money, or a percentage of the project costs, or the commitment of a specified level of effort. The term "cost matching" often refers to cost sharing where the amount required as cost share is equal to the amount received from the sponsor. This is also known as dollar-for-dollar cost sharing or matching.
Types of Cost Sharing - University of Massachusetts Lowell
- Mandatory: Cost sharing that the sponsor requires as a condition of the award.
- Voluntary Committed: Cost sharing that the PI commits in the project proposal budget or the budget justification that is not required by the sponsor.
The University discourages cost sharing commitments when not required by the sponsor. The commitment is expressed as a dollar amount or a percent of effort.
- Voluntary Uncommitted: Cost Sharing is not initially promised in the proposal or otherwise indicated.
Commitments that are paid from University funds using gift, endowment, or other non-sponsored sources. These may also include in-kind outlays from internal and external sources.