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April Pattavina

April Pattivina
April F. PattavinaAssociate Professor and Ph.D. Program Director
  • CollegeCollege of Fine Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences
  • DepartmentSchool of Criminology and Justice Studies
  • Phone(978) 934-4145
  • EmailApril_Pattavina@uml.edu

Research Interests

One of her research areas includes public safety laws and their influence on local police practices. Current work in this area involves research on the impact of domestic violence laws on the police response to domestic violence.  She is also interested in the impact of information and computer technology on the operation of the criminal justice system. She has published several articles and book chapters on the subject and is the editor and contributing author of the recent book, Information Technology and the Criminal Justice System. She teaches courses on crime mapping and criminal justice data analysis.

Education

  • Ph D: Law, Policy & Society, (1998), Northeastern University - Boston, MA
    Dissertation/Thesis Title: Neighborhood Violence and Public School Children: A Contextual Analysis of Academic Achievement in Boston
  • MS: Criminal Justice, (1990), Northeastern University - Boston, MA
  • BS: Criminal Justice, (1986), University of Massachusetts Lowell - Lowell, MA
    Supporting Area: Political Science

Awards and Honors

  • Criminal Justice Department Teaching Award (2004), Teaching - University of Massachusetts Lowell, MA
  • Criminal Justice Department Teaching Award (2002), Teaching - University of Massachusetts Lowell, MA
  • Featured Researcher (1998), Scholarship/Research - Northeastern University Magazine
  • Honored for Community Service (1998), Service, Community - The Boston Foundation.
  • Invited Fellow (1996), Scholarship/Research - Center for Innovation in Urban Education Northeastern University
  • Alpha Phi Sigma (1986), Service, Professional - National Criminal Justice Honor Society
  • Excellence in Criminal Justice Research Award (1986), Scholarship/Research - University of Massachusetts Lowell, MA
  • Turner Award for Leadership and Service (1986), Leadership - University of Massachusetts Lowell, MA

Publications

  • Morabito, M.S., Pattavina, A.F., Williams, L. (2016) "Active representation and police response to sexual assault complaints," Journal of Crime and Justice pp. 1–14
  • Curcio, G., Pattavina, A.F., Fisher, W.H. (2016) "Gender Differences on the Road to Redemption," Feminist Criminology pp. 1557085116654566
  • Morabito, M.S., Pattavina, A.F., Williams, L. (2016) "It all just piles up: challenges to victim credibility accumulate to influence sexual assault case processing," Journal of interpersonal violence
  • Pattavina, A.F., Morabito, M.S., Williams, L. (2016) "Examining connections between the police and prosecution in sexual assault case processing: Does the use of exceptional clearance facilitate a downstream orientation?," Victims & Offenders 11:2 pp. 315-334
  • Pattavina, A.F., Morabito, M.S., Williams, L. (2015) "Examining Connections between the Police and Prosecution in Sexual Assault Case Processing: Does the Use of Exceptional Clearance Facilitate a Downstream Orientation?," Victims & Offenders pp. 1-19
  • Corbett, Jr., R.P., Pattavina, A.F. (2015) "Promoting Offender Change in the Community: Positive Reinforcement Through EM Technology," Journal of Community Corrections 24:4 pp. 5
  • Maparyan, L., Williams, L., Pattavina, A.F., Rardin, S.L., Levack, A. (2015) "Research & Action Report, Fall/Winter 2015," Wellesley Centers for Women at Wellesly College Book 28
  • Fagan, J., Braga, A.A., Brunson, R.K., Pattavina, A.F. (2015) "Stops and Stares: Street Stops, Surveillance and Race in the New Policing," Columbia Public Law Research Paper 14-479
  • Byrne, J., Pattavina, A.F., Taxman, F.S. (2015) "International Trends in Prison Upsizing and Downsizing: In Search of Evidence of a Global Rehabilitation Revolution," Victims & Offenders 10:4 pp. 420
  • Taxman, F.S., Pattavina, A.F., Caudy, M. (2014) "Justice Reinvestment in the United States: An Empirical Assessment of the Potential Impact of Increased Correctional Programming on Recidivism," Victims & Offenders: An International Journal of Evidence-based Research, Policy, and Practice 9: pp. 50-75
  • Pattavina, A.F., Hirschel, D., Scearbo, M. (2013) "Assessing the reliability of substance abuse reporting in intimate partner violence," Justice Research and Policy 15: pp. 21-42
  • Pattavina, A.F., Taxman, F. (2013) "Planning for the future of the US correctional system," Springer pp. 3-20
  • Taxman, F., Caudy, M., Pattavina, A.F. (2013) "Risk, Need, Responsivity (RNR): Leading toward another generation of the model," Springer pp. 285-308
  • Taxman, F., Pattavina, A.F. (2013) "Simulation Techniques for Reducing Recidivism; Risk, Need, Responsivity Modeling for the Criminal Justice System," Springer Publications
  • Taxman, F., Pattavina, A.F., Caudy, M., Byrne, J., Durso, J. (2013) "The empirical basis for the RNR Model with an updated conceptual framework," Springer pp. 73-114
  • Pattavina, A.F., Taxman, F. (2013) "Using discrete-event simulation modeling to estimate the impact of RNR program implementation on recidivism levels," Springer pp. 267-284
  • Williams, L., Pattavina, A.F., Morabito, M.S. (2013) "A Multisite Investigation into Sexual Assault Case Outcomes: The Challenges of Understanding the Victim," Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology
  • Pattavina, A.F., Taxman, F. (2013) "Simulation Strategies to Reduce Recidivism: Risk, Need, and Responsivity Modeling for the Criminal Justice System," Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology
  • Byrne, J.M., Pattavina, A.F. (2012) "Technological innovation and offender reentry," Technocrime: Policing and Surveillance
  • Byrne, J., Pattavina, A.F., Lurigio, A. (2012) "Suicide Risk Among Federal Sex Crime Defendants Under Pretrial Supervision," Criminal Justice Research Review 13:6 pp. 124
  • Pattavina, A.F., Tusinski-Miofsky, K., Byrne, J. (2011) "Persuasive Technology: Moving Beyond Restriction to Rehabilitation," Journal of Offender Monitoring 23:1 pp. 4
  • Harris, A., Pattavina, A.F. (2009) "Missing sex offenders and the utility of sex offender registration systems," America Society of Criminology, Philadelphia, PA
  • Cullinane, D.M., Hirschel, D., Buzawa, E., Pattavina, A.F., Iannaci, L., Faggiani, D. (2009) "Offender-victim body mass ratio and the decision to arrest in cases of intimate partner violence," Medicine Science and the Law 49:3
  • Pattavina, A.F. (2009) "The use of electronic monitoring as persuasive technology: Reconsidering the empirical evidence on the effectiveness of electronic monitoring," Victims and Offenders 4:4 pp. 385-390
  • Byrne, J.M., Pattavina, A.F. (2008) "The Emerging Role of Clinical and Actuarial Risk Assessment in an Evidence-Based Community Corrections System Issues to Consider," Correctional counseling and treatment: evidence-based perspectives
  • Pattavina, A.F., Hirschel, D., Buzawa, E., Faggiani, D., Bentley, H. (2007) "A comparison of the police response to heterosexual versus same-sex intimate partner violence," Violence Against Women 13:4
  • Pattavina, A.F., Taxman, F. (2007) "Community corrections and soft technology," The New Technology of Crime, Law, and Social Control
  • Pattavina, A.F., Taxman, F.S. (2007) "COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS AND SOFT TECHNOLOGY," The new technology of crime, law and social control
  • Hirschel, D., Buzawa, E., Pattavina, A.F., Faggiani, D. (2007) "Domestic Violence and Mandatory Arrest Laws: To What Extent Do They Influence Police Arrest Decisions?," The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology pp. 255-298
  • Hirschel, D., Buzawa, E., Pattavina, A.F., Faggiani, D., Reuland, M. (2007) "Explaining the Prevalence, Context, and Consequences of Dual Arrest in Intimate Partner Cases,"
  • Hirschel, D., Buzawa, E., Pattavina, A.F., Faggiani, D., Reuland, M. (2007) "Explaining the Prevalence, Context, and Consequences of Dual Arrest in Intimate Partner Cases: Final Report,"
  • Byrne, J., Pattavina, A.F. (2007) "External Classification Systems,"
  • Byrne, J.M., Pattavina, A.F. (2007) "Institutional corrections and soft technology," The new technology of crime, law and social control pp. 271-304
  • Byrne, J., Pattavina, A.F. (2007) "Institutional Corrections and Soft Technology [From The New Technology of Crime, Law and Social Control, P 215-286, 2007, James M. Byrne and Donald J. Rebovich, eds. – See NCJ-218026]," Institutional Corrections and Soft Technology From The New Technology of Crime, Law and Social Control, P 215-286, 2007, James M.Byrne and Donald J.Rebovich, eds.– See NCJ-218026]
  • Pattavina, A.F., Buzawa, E., Hirschel, D., Faggiani, D. (2007) "Policy, place, and perpetrators: Using NIBRS to explain arrest practices in intimate partner violence," Justice Research and Policy 9:2 pp. 31-52
  • Pattavina, A.F., Byrne, J.M., Garcia, L. (2006) "An examination of citizen involvement in crime prevention in high-risk versus low- to moderate-risk neighborhoods," Crime & Delinquency 52:2
  • Byrne, J., Pattavina, A.F. (2006) "Assessing the role of clinical and actuarial risk assessment in an evidence-based community corrections system: Issues to consider," Fed.Probation 70:
  • Byrne, J., Pattavina, A.F. (2006) "Assessing the Role of Clinical and Actuarial Risk Assessment in an Evidence-Based Community Corrections System: Issues to Consider," Federal Probation 70:2 pp. 64-67
  • Taxman, F., Byrne, J.M., Pattavina, A.F. (2005) "Racial disparity and the legitimacy of the criminal justice system: Exploring consequences for deterrence," Journal of health care for the poor and underserved 16:4 SUPPL. B pp. 57-77
  • Gore, R.Z., Pattavina, A.F. (2004) "Applications for examining the journey-to-crime using incident-based offender residence probability surfaces," Police Quarterly 7:4 pp. 457-474
  • Pattavina, A.F. (2004) "Emerging Role of Information Technology in Prison Reentry Initiatives, The," Fed.Probation 68:
  • Pattavina, A.F. (2004) "Geographic Information Systems and Crime Mapping in Criminal Justice Agencies," Information Technology and the Criminal Justice System
  • Pattavina, A.F. (2004) "Information technology and the criminal justice system,"
  • Pattavina, A.F. (2004) "The emerging role of information technology in prison reentry initiatives," Federal Probation 68:2
  • Pattavina, A.F. (2004) "The Future of Information Technology in Criminal Justice," Information Technology and the Criminal Justice System
  • Garcia, L., Gu, J., Pattavina, A.F., Pierce, G., University, S. (2003) "Determinants of Citizen and Police Involvement in Community Policing, Final Report,"
  • Pattavina, A.F., Pierce, G., Saiz, A. (2002) "Urban neighborhood information systems: Crime prevention and control applications," Journal of Urban Technology 9:1
  • Garcia, L., Gu, J., Pattavina, A.F., Pierce, G. (2002) "Determinants of Citizen and Police Involvement in Community Policing, Final Report,"
  • Gore, R.Z., Pattavina, A.F. (2001) "Submission for the 5th Annual International Crime Mapping Research Conference December 1-4 th, 2001,"
  • Pattavina, A.F. (1999) "The Influence of Community Violence on Child Development in an Urban Setting," Research in politics and society 7: pp. 163-182
  • Pattavina, A.F. (1998) "Eric A. Johnson, Urbanization and Crime, Germany 1871-??1914, New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995. Pp. 246. $44.95 (ISBN 0-521-47017-X). Timothy Dodge, Crime and Punishment in New Hampshire, 1812-??1914, New York: Peter Lang, 1995. Pp. 406. $63.95 (ISBN 0-8204-2516-8)," Law and History Review 16:02 pp. 417-420
  • Byrne, J.M., Pattavina, A.F. (1992) "The effectiveness issue: Assessing what works in the adult community corrections system," Smart sentencing: The emergence of intermediate sanctions pp. 281-306
  • Byrne, J.M., Pattavina, A.F., Byrne, J.M., Byrne, J.M. (1992) "The effectiveness issue: Assessing what works in the adult community corrections system," Smart Sentencing: The Emergence of Intermediate Sanctions SEC_TITLE (28669) pp. 281-303
  • Byrne, J., Pattavina, A.F. (1992) "The effectiveness issue: Assessing what works in the adult community corrections system," Sage Publications, Inc pp. 281-303
  • Pierce, G., McDevitt, J., Pattavina, A.F., Miliano, R. (1991) "The Classification of Male and Female Offenders by the Massachusetts Probation System," Boston, Massachusetts: Center for Applied Social Research, Northeastern University
  • McDevitt, J., Pattavina, A.F., Miliano, R., Pierce, G., Hellman, D. (1991) "The impact of crime on small business viability,"

Contracts, Fellowships, Grants and Sponsored Research

  • PI: Continued Development of Risk, Need, Responsivity (RNR) Discrete Event Simulation Model (), Grant - Bureau of Justice Assistance and George Mason University
  • PI: Risk, Need, Responsivity (RNR) Simulation Tool (2009), Grant - Bureau of Justice Assistance and George Mason University
  • Explaining the Prevalence, Context and Consequences of Dual Arrest for Intimate Partner Cases. Supplemental Funding (2003), Grant - National Institute of Justice
  • PI: Supporting The Police Response to Family Violence Through Information Technology: The Development of the Integrated Family Information System (IFIS) for the City of Lawrence, Massachusetts (2003), Grant - National Institute of Justice
  • Explaining the Prevalence, Context and Consequences of Dual Arrest for Intimate Partner Cases (2002), Grant - National Institute of Justice
  • PI:Evaluation of the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Safe Neighborhoods Program (1999), Grant - Department of Housing and Urban Development and Peabody Properties Inc.
  • PI:Continued Development of the Boston Children and Families Database (1998), Grant - The Boston Foundation
  • PI: GIS Techniques to Support Neighborhood Policing Strategies. (1997), Grant - Boston Police Department, IT Division
  • Risk, Need, Responsivity (RNR) Simulation Tool (2009), Contract - U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
    Pattavina, A.F. (Principal)
  • Co-PI: Decision-Making in Sexual Assault Cases: Multi-site Replication Research on Sexual Violence Case Attrition in the U.S. (2013), Grant - National Institute of Justice
  • Decision-Making in Sexual Assault Cases: Multi-site Replication Research on Sexu (2013), Grant -
    Pattavina, A.F. (Co-Principal)