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James Byrne

James M. Byrne, Ph.D. Professor of Criminology & Justice Studies


Evidence-based practice; global crime and justice; criminal justice technology.

Research Interest

Global perspectives on crime and justice, the effectiveness of institutional and community based corrections, the impact of technology on crime and the criminal justice response, social ecology and criminal justice policy.


James M. Byrne (Ph.D., Rutgers University, 1983) has close to 30 years’ experience in the field of criminal justice and criminology. He has taught at the University of Massachusetts Lowell since 1984. He is the author of numerous monographs and journal articles on the subjects of offender change, offender re-entry, risk classification, the link between prison culture and community culture, the effectiveness of crime control technology, and the community context of crime and crime control. His articles have appeared in a variety of journals, including: Crime & Delinquency, Criminology and Public Policy, Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, Federal Probation, Journal of Police Studies, the International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice, Victims and Offenders, and Aggression and Violent Behavior. Dr. Byrne has also co-authored or edited several critically acclaimed texts, including The Social Ecology of Crime (Springer Verlag, 1986), Smart Sentencing: The Emergence of Intermediate Sanctions (Sage, 1994), The New Technology of Crime, Law, and Social Control (Criminal Justice Press, 2007), and The Culture of Prison Violence (Allyn & Bacon, 2008). 

Professor Byrne has conducted a wide range of evaluations of criminal justice initiatives, including offender reentry, intensive probation supervision, drug testing in federal pretrial systems, domestic violence control, drug treatment, day reporting centers, drunk driving interventions, absconder location/apprehension strategies, sex offender monitoring/ location technology, suicide prevention among alleged sex crime defendants in federal pretrial settings, and the impact of the National Institute of Corrections’ Institutional Culture Change Initiative on prison violence. He has also served as a peer reviewer for NSF, NIJ, BJA, and NIDA, and provided testimony on the effectiveness of community sanctions before Congress and the U.S. Sentencing Commission. 

In 2011, Professor Byrne was the recipient of both the Distinguished Scholar Award and the Marguerite Q. Warren and Ted B. Palmer Differential Intervention Award from the American Society of Criminology’s Division on Corrections and Sentencing. For the past 5 years, he has served as the Co- Editor of the journal, Victims and Offenders: Journal of Evidence-Based Practices. He is also on the editorial board for the journal, Criminology and Public Policy, and National Advisory Committee for the journal, Federal Probation, a publication of the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts.