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James Byrne

James Byrne, Professor of Criminology & Justice Studies at UMass Lowell.
James ByrneProfessor of Criminology & Justice Studies
  • CollegeCollege of Fine Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences
  • DepartmentSchool of Criminology and Justice Studies
  • Phone(978) 934-3992
  • EmailJames_Byrne@uml.edu

Education

  • Ph D: Criminal Justice, (1983), Graduate Program in Criminal Justice, Rutgers University - NJ
    Dissertation/Thesis Title: Ecological Correlates Of Property Crime in the United States: A Macroenvironmental Analysis
  • MA: Criminal Justice, (1980), Graduate Program in Criminal Justice, Rutgers University - Newark, NJ
  • BA: Sociology, (1977), University of Massachusetts Amherst - Amherst, MA

Awards and Honors

  • Certificate of Recognition, Director, Leadership - National Institute of Justice U.S. Department of Justice
  • Distinguished Scholar Award, Scholarship/Research - Division on Corrections and Sentencing, American Society of Criminology
  • Faculty Research Status, Scholarship/Research - University of Massachusetts Lowell, College of Liberal Arts
  • Full Graduate Faculty Status, Awarded by Graduate Executive Committee, Teaching - University of Massachusetts Lowell
  • Graduate Fellowship recipient - School of Criminal Justice, Rutgers University
  • Marguerite Q. Warren and Ted Palmer Differential Intervention Award, Scholarship/Research - Division on Corrections Sentencing, American Society of Criminology
  • Outstanding Teacher Award, Teaching - Department of Criminal Justice, University of Massachusetts, Lowell
  • Reduced Load Award, Teaching - University of Massachusetts Lowell, College of Liberal Arts
  • Senior Specialist - Fulbright Senior Specialist Program, Fulbright Foundation
  • Summa Cum Laude Graduate in Sociology, Scholarship/Research - University of Massachusetts Amherst
  • University Scholar, Designation by the Council of Deans, Scholarship/Research - University of Massachusetts Lowell
  • Walter C. Russell Scholarship - The Graduate School, Rutgers University
  • Distinguished Scholar Award (2011) - American Society of Criminology
  • Marguerite Q. Warren and Ted B. Palmer Differential Intervention Award (2011) - American Society of Criminology
  • Outstanding Teacher Award (2005), Teaching - University of Massachusetts, Lowell

Publications

  • Byrne, J., Pattavina, A.F., Taxman, F.S. (2015) "International Trends in Prison Upsizing and Downsizing: In Search of Evidence of a Global Rehabilitation Revolution," Victims & Offenders 10:4 pp. 420
  • Byrne, J., Ritchie, J. (2014) "Global perspectives on evidence-based corrections and sentencing: Making the case for international partnerships and knowledge exchange," Perspectives 38:1 pp. 61-71
  • Byrne, J. (2014) "After the Fall: Assessing the Impact of the Great Prison Experiment on Future Crime Control Policy," Liman Colloquium; Isolation and Reintegration: Punishment Circa 2014
  • Byrne, J. (2014) "From the editor: The Future of Justice Reinvestment—Assessing the Merits of Individual and Community Change Strategies," Victims & Offenders: An International Journal of Evidence-based Research, Policy, and Practice 9:1 pp. 1–7
  • Byrne, J. (2013) "After the Fall: Assessing the Impact of the Great Prison Experiment on Future Crime Control Policy," Federal Probation 77:3 pp. 3-14
  • Byrne, J., Pattavina, A. (2013) "Chapter 9: Technological innovation and offender reentry," Routledge Frontiers of Criminal Justice Series
  • Taxman, F., Pattavina, A., Caudy, M., Byrne, J., Durso, J. (2013) "The empirical basis for the RNR model with an updated RNR conceptual framework," Springer pp. 73-114
  • Byrne, J. (2013) "Global perspectives on victims, offenders, and communities," Victims & Offenders: An International Journal of Evidence-based Research, Policy, and Practice 8:4 pp. 347-356
  • Byrne, J. (2012) "New Directions in Community Supervision: Should We Target High Risk Offenders, High Risk Times, and High Risk Locations," European Journal of Probation 4:2 pp. 77
  • Byrne, J., Pattavina, A.F., Lurigio, A. (2012) "Suicide Risk Among Federal Sex Crime Defendants Under Pretrial Supervision," Criminal Justice Research Review 13:6 pp. 124
  • Byrne, J., Rebovich, D., Lurigio, A., Miofsky, K.T., Stowell, J. (2012) "Implementation and Impact of the Central District of California’s Suicide Prevention Program for Federal Sex Crime Defendants," Federal Probation 76:1 pp. 3-13
  • Pattavina, A.F., Tusinski-Miofsky, K., Byrne, J. (2011) "Persuasive Technology: Moving Beyond Restriction to Rehabilitation," Journal of Offender Monitoring 23:1 pp. 4
  • Byrne, J., Turner, S. (2010) "Reforming federal sentencing guidelines: A modest proposal," Victims and Offenders 5:3 pp. 220-232
  • Byrne, J., Miofsky, K.T. (2009) "From preentry to reentry: An examination of the effectiveness of institutional and community-based sanctions," Victims and Offenders 4:4 pp. 348-356
  • Byrne, J., Lurigio, A.J. (2009) "Separating science from nonsense: Evidence-based research, policy, and practice in criminal and juvenile justice settings," Victims and Offenders 4:4 pp. 303-310
  • Byrne, J., Lurigio, A.J., Pimentel, R. (2009) "New Defendants, New Responsibilities: Preventing Suicide among Alleged Sex Offenders in the Federal Pretrial System," Federal Probation 73:2 pp. 40-44
  • Byrne, J. (2008) "Best Laid Plans: An Assessment of the Varied Consequences of New Technologies for Crime and Social Control," Federal Probation 72:3 pp. 10-21
  • Byrne, J., Lurigio, A. (2008) "Victimization and criminal behavior in adolescence and adulthood," Victims and Offenders 3:4 pp. 319-330
  • Byrne, J. (2008) "The Social Ecology of Community Corrections—understanding the Link between Individual and Community Change," Criminology & Public Policy 7:2 pp. 263-274
  • Harris, P.M., Byrne, J. (2007) "Community Corrections and Hard Technology [From The New Technology of Crime, Law and Social Control, P 287-325, 2007, James M. Byrne and Donald J. Rebovich, eds. – See NCJ-218026]," Community Corrections and Hard Technology From The New Technology of Crime, Law and Social Control, P 287-325, 2007, James M.Byrne and Donald J.Rebovich, eds.– See NCJ-218026]
  • Byrne, J., Stowell, J. (2007) "Examining the link between institutional and community violence: Toward a new cultural paradigm," Aggression and Violent Behavior 12:5
  • Byrne, J., Hummer, D. (2007) "In search of the "Tossed Salad Man" (and others involved in prison violence): New strategies for predicting and controlling violence in prison," Aggression and Violent Behavior 12:5
  • Byrne, J., Pattavina, A.F. (2007) "Institutional Corrections and Soft Technology [From The New Technology of Crime, Law and Social Control, P 215-286, 2007, James M. Byrne and Donald J. Rebovich, eds. – See NCJ-218026]," Institutional Corrections and Soft Technology From The New Technology of Crime, Law and Social Control, P 215-286, 2007, James M.Byrne and Donald J.Rebovich, eds.– See NCJ-218026]
  • Byrne, J., Rebovich, D.J. (2007) "Introduction–The New Technology of Crime, Law and Social Control [From The New Technology of Crime, Law and Social Control, P 1-21, 2007, James M. Byrne and Donald J. Rebovich, eds. – See NCJ-218026]," Introduction–The New Technology of Crime, Law and Social Control From The New Technology of Crime, Law and Social Control, P 1-21, 2007, James M.Byrne and Donald J.Rebovich, eds.– See NCJ-218026]
  • Byrne, J., Hummer, D. (2007) "Myths and realities of prison violence: A review of the evidence," Victims and Offenders 2:1 pp. 77-90
  • Byrne, J., Roberts, A.R. (2007) "New directions in offender typology design, development, and implementation: Can we balance risk, treatment and control?," Aggression and Violent Behavior 12:5
  • Hummer, D., Byrne, J. (2007) "The Impact of Culture Change Initiatives on Prison Violence, Disorder and Institutional Sanctioning Practices," Conference Papers – American Society of Criminology pp. 1
  • Buzawa, E., Hotaling, G.T., Byrne, J. (2007) "Understanding the impact of prior abuse and prior victimization on the decision to forego criminal justice assistance in domestic violence incidents: A life-course perspective," Brief Treatment and Crisis Intervention 7:1 pp. 55-76
  • Byrne, J., Stowell, J. (2007) "The Impact of the Federal Pretrial Services Act of 1982 on the Release, Supervision, and Detention of Pretrial Defendants," Federal Probation 71:2 pp. 31-38
  • Pattavina, A., Byrne, J., Garcia, L. (2006) "An examination of citizen involvement in crime prevention in high-risk versus low- to moderate-risk neighborhoods," Crime & Delinquency 52:2
  • Byrne, J., Taxman, F.S. (2006) "Crime control strategies and community change - Reframing the surveillance vs. treatment debate," Federal Probation 70:1 pp. 3-12
  • Byrne, J., Pattavina, A.F. (2006) "Assessing the Role of Clinical and Actuarial Risk Assessment in an Evidence-Based Community Corrections System: Issues to Consider," Federal Probation 70:2 pp. 64-67
  • Byrne, J. (2006) "Introduction to Special Issue on Risk Assessment," Federal Probation 70:2 pp. i-ii
  • Byrne, J., Hummer, D. (2005) ""Thinking Globally, Acting Locally": Applying International Trends to Reentry Partnerships in the United States," International Journal of Comparative & Applied Criminal Justice 29:1 pp. 79
  • Taxman, F., Byrne, J., Pattavina, A. (2005) "Racial disparity and the legitimacy of the criminal justice system: Exploring consequences for deterrence," Journal of health care for the poor and underserved 16:4 SUPPL. B pp. 57-77
  • Byrne, J., Hummer, D. (2005) "Thinking Globally, Acting Locally: Applying International Trends to Reentry Partnerships in the United States," International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice 29:1 pp. 79-96
  • Byrne, J., Taxman, F.S. (2005) "Crime (Control) is a Choice: Divergent Perspectives on the Role of Treatment in the Adult Corrections System," Criminology & Public Policy 4:2 pp. 291-310
  • Byrne, J., Hummer, D. (2004) "Examining the role of police in reentry partnership initiatives," Federal Probation 68:2
  • Byrne, J. (2004) "Introduction: Reentry - The emperor's new clothes," Federal Probation 68:2
  • Byrne, J., Taxman, F.S. (2004) "Targeting for reentry: Inclusion/exclusion criteria across eight RPI programs," Federal Probation 68:2
  • Taxman, F.S., Young, D., Byrne, J. (2004) "With Eyes Wide Open: Formalizing Community and Social Control Intervention in Offender Reintegration Programmes [From After Crime and Punishment: Pathways to Offender Reintegration, P 233-260, 2004, Shadd Maruna and Russ Immarigeon, eds. – See NCJ-205080]," With Eyes Wide Open: Formalizing Community and Social Control Intervention in Offender Reintegration Programmes From After Crime and Punishment: Pathways to Offender Reintegration, P 233-260, 2004, Shadd Maruna and Russ Immarigeon, eds.– See NCJ-205080]
  • Byrne, J., Hummer, D. (2004) "Examining the Role of the Police in Reentry Partnership Initiatives," Federal Probation 68:2 pp. 62-69
  • Byrne, J., Taxman, F.S. (2004) "Targeting for Reentry: Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria Across Eight Model Programs," Federal Probation 68:2 pp. 53-61
  • Taxman, F.S., Young, D., Byrne, J. (2003) "’Transforming offender reentry into public safety: Lessons from OJP’s Reentry Partnership Initiative.’," Justice Research & Policy 5:2 pp. 101-128
  • James M. Ph D. Byrne, ., Faye S. Ph D. Taxman, ., Young, D.M. (2002) "Emerging Roles and Responsibilities in the Reentry Partnership Initiative: New Ways of Doing Business," Emerging Roles and Responsibilities in the Reentry Partnership Initiative: New Ways of Doing Business
  • Young, D.M., Faye S. Ph D. Taxman, ., James M. Ph D. Byrne, . (2002) "Engaging the Community in Offender Reentry," Engaging the Community in Offender Reentry
  • Faye S. Ph D. Taxman, ., James M. Ph D. Byrne, ., Meridith H. M. A. Thanner, . (2002) "Evaluating the Implementation & Impact of a Seamless System of Care for Substance Abusing Offenders: The HIDTA Model," Evaluating the Implementation & Impact of a Seamless System of Care for Substance Abusing Offenders: The HIDTA Model
  • Faye S. Ph D. Taxman, ., Young, D.M., James M. Ph D. Byrne, ., Holsinger, A.P., Anspach, D.P. (2002) "From Prison Safety to Public Safety: Innovations in Offender Reentry," From Prison Safety to Public Safety: Innovations in Offender Reentry
  • Faye S. Ph D. Taxman, ., Young, D.M., Byrne, J. (2002) "Offender’s Views of Reentry: Implications for Processes, Programs, and Services," Offender’s Views of Reentry: Implications for Processes, Programs, and Services
  • Faye S. Ph D. Taxman, ., James M. Ph D. Byrne, ., Young, D.M. (2002) "Targeting for Reentry: Matching Needs and Services to Maximize Public Safety," Targeting for Reentry: Matching Needs and Services to Maximize Public Safety
  • Buzawa, E.P., Gerald T. Ph D. Hotaling, ., Klein, A.P., Byrne, J. (1999) "Response to Domestic Violence in a Pro-Active Court Setting - Final Report," Response to Domestic Violence in a Pro-Active Court Setting - Final Report
  • Buzawa, E.P., Gerald T. Ph D. Hotaling, ., Klein, A.P., Byrne, J. (1999) "Response to Domestic Violence in a Pro-Active Court Setting: Executive Summary," Response to Domestic Violence in a Pro-Active Court Setting: Executive Summary
  • Guschov, T.D., Byrne, J. (1997) "The criminal careers of high risk probationers in Massachusetts: a life course analysis,"
  • Byrne, J., Taxman, F.S. (1994) "Crime-Control Policy and Community Corrections Practice - Assessing the Impact of Gender, Race, and Class," Evaluation and program planning 17:2
  • Taxman, F.S., Byrne, J. (1994) "Locating absconders: Results from a randomized field experiment," Federal Probation 58:1 pp. 13
  • Byrne, J., Brewster, M. (1993) "Choosing the Future of American Corrections - Punishment Or Reform," Federal Probation 57:4
  • Byrne, J., Ibrewster, M. (1993) "Thinking Your Way Out of Prison," Spectrum-the Journal of State Government 66:4
  • Byrne, J., Lurigio, A.J., Petersilia, J. (1992) "Smart sentencing: The emergence of intermediate sanctions," Sage Publications, Inc
  • Byrne, J., Pattavina, A.F. (1992) "The effectiveness issue: Assessing what works in the adult community corrections system," Sage Publications, Inc pp. 281-303
  • Byrne, J. (1990) "The future of intensive probation supervision and the..," Crime & Delinquency 36:1 pp. 6
  • Guarinoghezzi, S., Byrne, J. (1989) "Developing a Model of Structured Decision-Making in Juvenile Corrections - the Massachusetts Experience," Crime & Delinquency 35:2
  • Byrne, J. (1989) "Reintegrating the Concept of Community into Community-Based Corrections," Crime & Delinquency 35:3
  • Byrne, J. (1988) "Probation," Washington, D.C. : U.S. Dept. of Justice, National Institute of Justice, 1988
  • Cochran, D., Corbett, R.P., Byrne, J. (1986) "Intensive Probation Supervision in Massachusetts - a Case-Study in Change," Federal Probation 50:2
  • Byrne, J. (1986) "The Control Controversy - a Preliminary Examination of Intensive Probation Supervision Programs in the United-States," Federal Probation 50:2

Presentations

  • A Risk, Need, Responsivity-Based Model of Offender Placement - American Society of Criminology, November 2011 - Washington, D.C
  • Internet Gambling: Exploring the Costs and Consequences of Criminalization - American Society of Criminology, November 2011 - Washington, D.C
  • New Technology/ Old Problems: Is Real Time Monitoring of Sex Offender Behavior in the Community Possible? - American Society of Criminology, November 2011 - Washington, D.C
  • Internet Gambling: Exploring the costs and consequences of criminalization - Annual Meeting of the European Society of Criminology, September 2011 - Vilnius, Lithuania
  • Can we distinguish high performance from low performance community corrections programs? - CREDOS Annual Meeting, and at the European Society of Criminology Annual Meeting, September 2011 - Vilnius Lithuania
  • An Assessment of State-level Variation in Sex Offender Registration, Monitoring, Location and Apprehension Strategies" - American Society of Criminology, November 2010 - San Franciso, CA
  • Estimation of Offender Needs using System Flow Data - American Society of Criminology, November 2010 - San Franciso, CA
  • Modeling Change: Simulating the Impact of the Expansion of Treatment Systems in Correctional Settings - American Society of Criminology, November 2010 - San Franciso, CA
  • Evidence-based Correctional Practice: A Critical Review and Assessment - International Criminology Conference, June 2010 - Stockholm, Sweeden
  • An evidence-based review of new approaches to the problem of prison violence and (2) innovations in offender reentry - Univeristy College and University Galway, 2007 - Dublin, Ireland
  • - First Community Corrections Symposium, November 1986 - Massachusetts Massachusetts Office of the Commissioner of Probation

Contracts, Fellowships, Grants and Sponsored Research

  • Simulating The Likely Impact of Correctional Reform on the Size, Cost, and Effectiveness of The Adult Correctional System in The United States (2009), Grant - Bureau of Justice Assistance
    Byrne, J. (Co-Principal), Pattavina, A. (Co-Principal)
  • Evaluating the Effectiveness of Manualized (Cognitive Behavioral) Treatment in a Seamless System of Care: A Randomized Field Experiment. (2005), Grant - National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
    Byrne, J. (Co-Principal), Taxman, F. (Principal)
  • A Multisite Evaluation of NICIs Institutional Culture Change Initiative (2003), Grant - National Institute of Corrections
    Byrne, J. (Co-Principal), Taxman, F. (Co-Principal)
  • An Examination of Workload in the Division of Juvenile Services Department of Corrections, State of Maine (1997), Grant - State of Maine and the National Institute of Corrections
    Byrne, J. (Principal)
  • Assessing the Link between the Organizational Structure of Probation Departments and the Effectiveness of Probation: A Nationwide Review (1996), Grant - Arizona Supreme Court
    Byrne, J.
  • Response to Domestic Violence in a Proactive Court Setting (1995), Grant - National Institute of Justice
    Byrne, J. (Co-Principal), Buzawa, E. (Co-Principal)
  • Punishment, Probation and the Problem of Community Control: A Randomized Field Experiment on Absconder Location Strategies (1990), Grant - National Institute of Corrections, Community Corrections Division and The National Institute of Justice
    Byrne, J. (Principal)
  • The Development of an Objective Risk/Need Classification Model for the Illinois Juvenile Probation System. (1990), Grant - Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts, Probation Division.
    Byrne, J. (Principal)
  • Supplemental Funding Request to Support the Evaluation of Intensive Probation Supervision in Massachusetts (1987), Grant - National Institute of Justice
    Byrne, J. (Principal)
  • The Impact of Intensive Probation Supervision in Massachusetts. (1985), Grant - National Institute of Justice
    Byrne, J. (Principal)
  • The Recidivism of Juveniles Committed to the Massachusetts Department of Youth Services. (1987), Contract - National Council on Crime and Delinquency, in conjunction with the Edna McConnell Clark Foundation
    Byrne, J. (Principal)
  • Supplemental Research on Domestic Violence Incident Reporting in Massachusetts, (1987), Sponsored Research - Massachusetts Committee on Criminal Justice and the Bureau of Justice Statistics
    Byrne, J. (Co-Principal), Buzawa, E. (Co-Principal)
  • Domestic Violence Incident Reporting in Massachusetts. (1986), Contract - Massachusetts Committee on Criminal Justice and the Bureau of Justice Statistics
    Byrne, J. (Co-Principal), Buzawa, E. (Co-Principal)
  • Seed Money for Research Award. (1985), Sponsored Research - University of Massachusetts, Lowell.
    Byrne, J. (Principal)
  • Seed Money for Research Award. (1984), Sponsored Research - University of Massachusetts, Lowell.
    Byrne, J. (Principal)