Student working on computer with justice symbol in front of her
James Byrne, Professor of Criminology & Justice Studies at UMass Lowell.
Professor James ByrneAssociate Chair and Professor

Research Interests

Global perspectives on crime and justice, the effectiveness of institutional and community based corrections, the impact of technology on crime and the criminal justice response, social ecology and criminal justice policy.

Education

  • Ph D: Criminal Justice, (1983), Graduate Program in Criminal Justice, Rutgers University - NJ
    Dissertation/Thesis Title: Ecological Correlates Of Property Crime in the United States: A Macroenvironmental Analysis
  • MA: Criminal Justice, (1980), Graduate Program in Criminal Justice, Rutgers University - Newark, NJ
  • BA: Sociology, (1977), University of Massachusetts Amherst - Amherst, MA

Biography

James M. Byrne (Ph.D., Rutgers University, 1983), has close to 30 years’ experience in the field of criminal justice and criminology. He has taught at the University of Massachusetts Lowell since 1984. He is the author of numerous monographs and journal articles on the subjects of offender change, offender re-entry, risk classification, the link between prison culture and community culture, the effectiveness of crime control technology, and the community context of crime and crime control. His articles have appeared in a variety of journals, including: Crime & Delinquency, Criminology and Public Policy, Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, Federal Probation, Journal of Police Studies, the International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice, Victims and Offenders, and Aggression and Violent Behavior. Dr. Byrne has also co-authored or edited several critically acclaimed texts, including The Social Ecology of Crime (Springer Verlag, 1986), Smart Sentencing: The Emergence of Intermediate Sanctions (Sage, 1994), The New Technology of Crime, Law, and Social Control (Criminal Justice Press, 2007), and The Culture of Prison Violence (Allyn & Bacon, 2008). Professor Byrne has conducted a wide range of evaluations of criminal justice initiatives, including offender reentry, intensive probation supervision, drug testing in federal pretrial systems, domestic violence control, drug treatment, day reporting centers, drunk driving interventions, absconder location/apprehension strategies, sex offender monitoring/ location technology, suicide prevention among alleged sex crime defendants in federal pretrial settings, and the impact of the National Institute of Corrections’ Institutional Culture Change Initiative on prison violence. He has also served as a peer reviewer for NSF, NIJ, BJA, and NIDA, and provided testimony on the effectiveness of community sanctions before Congress and the U.S. Sentencing Commission.?In 2011, Professor Byrne was the recipient of both the Distinguished Scholar Award and the Marguerite Q. Warren and Ted B. Palmer Differential Intervention Award from the American Society of Criminology’s Division on Corrections and Sentencing. For the past 5 years, he has served as the Co- Editor of the journal,"Victims?and Offenders: Journal of Evidence-Based Practices". He is also on the editorial board for the journal, Criminology and Public Policy, and National Advisory Committee for the journal, Federal Probation, a publication of the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts.

Selected Awards and Honors

  • Certificate of Recognition, Director, Leadership - National Institute of Justice U.S. Department of Justice
  • Distinguished Scholar Award, Scholarship/Research - Division on Corrections and Sentencing, American Society of Criminology
  • Faculty Research Status, Scholarship/Research - University of Massachusetts Lowell, College of Liberal Arts
  • Full Graduate Faculty Status, Awarded by Graduate Executive Committee, Teaching - University of Massachusetts Lowell
  • Graduate Fellowship recipient - School of Criminal Justice, Rutgers University
  • Marguerite Q. Warren and Ted Palmer Differential Intervention Award, Scholarship/Research - Division on Corrections Sentencing, American Society of Criminology
  • Outstanding Teacher Award, Teaching - Department of Criminal Justice, University of Massachusetts, Lowell
  • Reduced Load Award, Teaching - University of Massachusetts Lowell, College of Liberal Arts
  • Senior Specialist - Fulbright Senior Specialist Program, Fulbright Foundation
  • Summa Cum Laude Graduate in Sociology, Scholarship/Research - University of Massachusetts Amherst
  • University Scholar, Designation by the Council of Deans, Scholarship/Research - University of Massachusetts Lowell
  • Walter C. Russell Scholarship - The Graduate School, Rutgers University
  • Distinguished Scholar Award (2011) - American Society of Criminology
  • Marguerite Q. Warren and Ted B. Palmer Differential Intervention Award (2011) - American Society of Criminology
  • Outstanding Teacher Award (2005), Teaching - University of Massachusetts, Lowell

Selected Publications

  • Byrne, J., Pattavina, A.F., Taxman, F.S. (2015) "International Trends in Prison Upsizing and Downsizing: In Search of Evidence of a Global Rehabilitation Revolution," Victims & Offenders 10:4 pp. 420
  • Byrne, J., Ritchie, J. (2014) "Global Perspectives on Evidence-based Corrections and Sentencing: Making the Case for International Partnerships and Knowledge Exchange," Perspectives 38:1 pp. 61-71
  • Byrne, J. (2014) "After the Fall: Assessing the Impact of the Great Prison Experiment on Future Crime Control Policy," Liman Colloquium; Isolation and Reintegration: Punishment Circa 2014
  • Byrne, J. (2014) "From the editor: The Future of Justice Reinvestment—Assessing the Merits of Individual and Community Change Strategies," Victims & Offenders: An International Journal of Evidence-based Research, Policy, and Practice 9:1 pp. 1–7
  • Byrne, J. (2013) "After the Fall: Assessing the Impact of the Great Prison Experiment on Future Crime Control Policy," Federal Probation 77:3 pp. 3-14
  • Byrne, J., Pattavina, A. (2013) "Chapter 9: Technological Innovation and Offender Reentry," Routledge Frontiers of Criminal Justice Series
  • Byrne, J., Taxman, F., Pattavina, A., Caudy, M., Durso, J. (2013) "The Empirical Basis for the RNR Model with an Updated RNR Conceptual Framework," Springer pp. 73-114
  • Byrne, J. (2013) "Global Perspectives on Victims, Offenders, and Communities," Victims & Offenders: An International Journal of Evidence-based Research, Policy, and Practice 8:4 pp. 347-356
  • Byrne, J. (2012) "New Directions in Community Supervision: Should We Target High Risk Offenders, High Risk Times, and High Risk Locations," European Journal of Probation 4:2 pp. 77
  • Byrne, J., Pattavina, A.F., Lurigio, A. (2012) "Suicide Risk Among Federal Sex Crime Defendants Under Pretrial Supervision," Criminal Justice Research Review 13:6 pp. 124
  • Byrne, J., Rebovich, D., Lurigio, A., Miofsky, K.T., Stowell, J. (2012) "Implementation and Impact of the Central District of California’s Suicide Prevention Program for Federal Sex Crime Defendants," Federal Probation 76:1 pp. 3-13
  • Marx, G. (2011) "Technological Innovations in Crime Prevention and Policing. A Review of the Research on Implementation and Impact," Journal of Police Studies pp. 17-40
  • Pattavina, A.F., Byrne, J., Tusinski-Miofsky, K. (2011) "Persuasive Technology: Moving Beyond Restriction to Rehabilitation," Journal of Offender Monitoring 23:1 pp. 4
  • Byrne, J., Turner, S. (2010) "Reforming Federal Sentencing Guidelines: A Modest Proposal," Victims and Offenders 5:3 pp. 220-232
  • Byrne, J., Miofsky, K.T. (2009) "From Preentry to Reentry: An Examination of the Effectiveness of Institutional and Community-based Sanctions," Victims and Offenders 4:4 pp. 348-356
  • Byrne, J., Lurigio, A.J. (2009) "Separating Science from Nonsense: Evidence-based Research, Policy, and Practice in Criminal and Juvenile Justice Settings," Victims and Offenders 4:4 pp. 303-310
  • Byrne, J., Lurigio, A.J., Pimentel, R. (2009) "New Defendants, New Responsibilities: Preventing Suicide among Alleged Sex Offenders in the Federal Pretrial System," Federal Probation 73:2 pp. 40-44
  • Byrne, J. (2009) "Maximum Impact: Targeting Supervision on HIgher-Risk People, Places and Times," Pew Center on the States
  • Byrne, J. (2008) "Best Laid Plans: An Assessment of the Varied Consequences of New Technologies for Crime and Social Control," Federal Probation 72:3 pp. 10-21
  • Byrne, J., Taxman, F. (2008) "The Culture of Prison Violence," Allyn and Bacon Publishers
  • Byrne, J., Lurigio, A. (2008) "Victimization and Criminal Behavior in Adolescence and Adulthood," Victims and Offenders 3:4 pp. 319-330
  • Byrne, J. (2008) "The Social Ecology of Community Corrections - Understanding the Link Between Individual and Community Change," Criminology & Public Policy 7:2 pp. 263-274
  • Byrne, J., Harris, P.M. (2007) "Community Corrections and Hard Technology ," pp. 287-325
  • Byrne, J., Stowell, J. (2007) "Examining the Link between Institutional and Community Violence: Toward a New Cultural Paradigm," Aggression and Violent Behavior 12:5
  • Byrne, J., Hummer, D. (2007) "In Search of the "Tossed Salad Man" (And Others Involved in Prison Violence): New Strategies for Predicting and Controlling Violence in Prison," Aggression and Violent Behavior 12:5
  • Byrne, J., Pattavina, A.F. (2007) "Institutional Corrections and Soft Technology," pp. 215-286
  • Byrne, J., Rebovich, D.J. (2007) "Introduction–The New Technology of Crime, Law and Social Control ," Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press pp. 1-21
  • Byrne, J., Hummer, D. (2007) "Myths and Realities of Prison Violence: A Review of the Evidence," Victims and Offenders 2:1 pp. 77-90
  • Byrne, J., Roberts, A.R. (2007) "New Directions in Offender Typology Design, Development, and Implementation: Can We Balance Risk, Treatment and Control?," Aggression and Violent Behavior 12:5
  • Byrne, J., Hummer, D. (2007) "The Impact of Culture Change Initiatives on Prison Violence, Disorder and Institutional Sanctioning Practices," Conference Papers – American Society of Criminology pp. 1
  • Byrne, J., Buzawa, E., Hotaling, G.T. (2007) "Understanding the Impact of Prior Abuse and Prior Victimization on the Decision to Forego Criminal Justice Assistance in Domestic Violence Incidents: A Life-course Perspective," Brief Treatment and Crisis Intervention 7:1 pp. 55-76
  • Byrne, J., Stowell, J. (2007) "The Impact of the Federal Pretrial Services Act of 1982 on the Release, Supervision, and Detention of Pretrial Defendants," Federal Probation 71:2 pp. 31-38
  • Byrne, J., Pattavina, A., Garcia, L. (2006) "An Examination of Citizen Involvement in Crime Prevention in High-Risk Versus Low- to Moderate-Risk Neighborhoods," Crime & Delinquency 52:2
  • Byrne, J., Taxman, F.S. (2006) "Crime Control Strategies and Community Change - Reframing the Surveillance vs. Treatment Debate," Federal Probation 70:1 pp. 3-12
  • Byrne, J., Pattavina, A.F. (2006) "Assessing the Role of Clinical and Actuarial Risk Assessment in an Evidence-Based Community Corrections System: Issues to Consider," Federal Probation 70:2 pp. 64-67
  • Byrne, J. (2006) "Introduction to Special Issue on Risk Assessment," Federal Probation 70:2 pp. i-ii
  • Byrne, J., Taxman, F., Pattavina, A. (2005) "Racial Disparity and the Legitimacy of the Criminal Justice System: Exploring Consequences for Deterrence," Journal of health care for the poor and underserved 16:4 SUPPL. B pp. 57-77
  • Byrne, J., Taxman, F. (2005) "Reaction Essay: Crime (Control) is a Choice: Divergent Perspectives on the Role of Treatment in the Adult Corrections System ," Criminology and Public Policy 2:
  • Byrne, J., Hummer, D. (2005) "Thinking Globally, Acting Locally: Applying International Trends to Reentry Partnerships in the United States," International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice 29:1 pp. 79-96
  • Byrne, J., Taxman, F., Hummer, D. (2005) "An Evaluation of the Implementation and Impact of NIC's Culture Initiative,"
  • Byrne, J., Taxman, F.S. (2005) "Crime (Control) is a Choice: Divergent Perspectives on the Role of Treatment in the Adult Corrections System," Criminology & Public Policy 4:2 pp. 291-310
  • Byrne, J. (2004) "Introduction: Reentry - the Emperor's New Clothes," Federal Probation 68:2
  • Byrne, J., Taxman, F., Shepardson, E. (2004) "Tools of the Trade: A Guide for Incorporating Science into Practice," Community Corrections Division, National Institute of Corrections
  • Byrne, J., Taxman, F.S., Young, D. (2004) "With Eyes Wide Open: Formalizing Community and Social Control Intervention in Offender Reintegration Programmes ," pp. 233-260
  • Byrne, J., Hummer, D. (2004) "Examining the Role of the Police in Reentry Partnership Initiatives," Federal Probation 68:2 pp. 62-69
  • Byrne, J., Taxman, F.S. (2004) "Targeting for Reentry: Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria Across Eight Model Programs," Federal Probation 68:2 pp. 53-61
  • Byrne, J. (2003) "Drunk Driving: An Assessment of 'What Works' in the Areas of Classification, Treatment, Prevention and Control," The Council of Productivity and Management, the State of Maryland
  • Byrne, J., Taxman, F.S., Young, D. (2003) "Transforming offender reentry into public safety: Lessons from OJP’s Reentry Partnership Initiative.," Justice Research & Policy 5:2 pp. 101-128
  • Byrne, J., axman, F., Young, D.M. (2002) "Emerging Roles and Responsibilities in the Reentry Partnership Initiative: New Ways of Doing Business,"
  • Byrne, J., Young, D.M., Taxman, F. (2002) "Engaging the Community in Offender Reentry,"
  • Byrne, J., Taxman, F., Thanner, M. (2002) "Evaluating the Implementation & Impact of a Seamless System of Care for Substance Abusing Offenders: The HIDTA Model,"
  • Byrne, J., Taxman, F., Young, D.M., Holsinger, A.P., Anspach, D.P. (2002) "From Prison Safety to Public Safety: Innovations in Offender Reentry,"
  • Byrne, J., Taxman, F., Young, D.M. (2002) "Offender’s Views of Reentry: Implications for Processes, Programs, and Services,"
  • Byrne, J., Taxman, F., Young, D.M. (2002) "Targeting for Reentry: Matching Needs and Services to Maximize Public Safety,"
  • Byrne, J., Buzawa, E.P., Hotaling, G., Klein, A.P. (1999) "Response to Domestic Violence in a Pro-Active Court Setting - Final Report,"
  • Byrne, J., Buzawa, E.P., Hotaling, G., Klein, A.P. (1999) "Response to Domestic Violence in a Pro-Active Court Setting: Executive Summary,"
  • Byrne, J., Guschov, T.D. (1997) "The Criminal Careers of High Risk Probationers in Massachusetts: A Life Course Analysis,"
  • Byrne, J., Parent, D., Tsarfaty, V., Valade, L., Esselman, J. (1995) "Day Reporting Centers, Volume 1," Office of Justice Programs
  • Byrne, J., Parent, D., Tsarfaty, V., Va, L., Esselman, J. (1995) "Day Reporting Centers, Volume 2," Office of Justice Programs
  • Byrne, J., Taxman, F.S. (1994) "Crime-Control Policy and Community Corrections Practice - Assessing the Impact of Gender, Race, and Class," Evaluation and program planning 17:2
  • Byrne, J., Taxman, F.S. (1994) "Locating Absconders: Results from a Randomized Field Experiment," Federal Probation 58:1 pp. 13
  • Byrne, J., Brewster, M. (1993) "Choosing the Future of American Corrections - Punishment Or Reform," Federal Probation 57:4
  • Byrne, J., Ibrewster, M. (1993) "Thinking Your Way Out of Prison," Spectrum-the Journal of State Government 66:4
  • Byrne, J., Lurigio, A.J., Petersilia, J. (1992) "Smart Sentencing: The Emergence of Intermediate Sanctions," Sage Publications, Inc
  • Byrne, J., Pattavina, A.F. (1992) "The Effectiveness Issue: Assessing what Works in the Adult Community Corrections System," Sage Publications, Inc pp. 281-303
  • Byrne, J. (1990) "The Future of Intensive Probation Supervision and the New Intermediate Sanctions," Crime & Delinquency 36:1 pp. 6
  • Byrne, J., Guarinoghezzi, S. (1989) "Developing a Model of Structured Decision-Making in Juvenile Corrections - the Massachusetts Experience," Crime & Delinquency 35:2
  • Byrne, J. (1989) "Reintegrating the Concept of Community into Community-Based Corrections," Crime & Delinquency 35:3
  • Byrne, J., Lurigio, A., Baird, C. (1989) "The Effectiveness of the “New” Intensive Supervision Programs," National Institute of Corrections
  • Byrne, J. (1988) "Probation," Washington, D.C. : U.S. Dept. of Justice, National Institute of Justice, 1988
  • Byrne, J., Cochran, D., Corbett, R.P. (1986) "Intensive Probation Supervision in Massachusetts - a Case-Study in Change," Federal Probation 50:2
  • Byrne, J. (1986) "The Control Controversy - a Preliminary Examination of Intensive Probation Supervision Programs in the United-States," Federal Probation 50:2
  • Byrne, J., Sampson, R. (1986) "The Social Ecology of Crime," Springer-Verlag

Selected Presentations

  • Can Global Corrections Performance Measures be Developed - Lessons from Australia. 2nd International Conference on Governance, June 2014 - Mexico City
  • Technological Innovations in Crime Prevention Global Perspectives on CCTV: What Does the Research Reveal? - SafeCity Conference, June 2014 - Ipswich Queensland
  • A Risk, Need, Responsivity-Based Model of Offender Placement - American Society of Criminology, November 2011 - Washington, D.C
  • Internet Gambling: Exploring the Costs and Consequences of Criminalization - American Society of Criminology, November 2011 - Washington, D.C
  • New Technology/ Old Problems: Is Real Time Monitoring of Sex Offender Behavior in the Community Possible? - American Society of Criminology, November 2011 - Washington, D.C
  • Internet Gambling: Exploring the costs and consequences of criminalization - Annual Meeting of the European Society of Criminology, September 2011 - Vilnius, Lithuania
  • Can we distinguish high performance from low performance community corrections programs? - CREDOS Annual Meeting, and at the European Society of Criminology Annual Meeting, September 2011 - Vilnius Lithuania
  • An Assessment of State-level Variation in Sex Offender Registration, Monitoring, Location and Apprehension Strategies" - American Society of Criminology, November 2010 - San Franciso, CA
  • Estimation of Offender Needs using System Flow Data - American Society of Criminology, November 2010 - San Franciso, CA
  • Modeling Change: Simulating the Impact of the Expansion of Treatment Systems in Correctional Settings - American Society of Criminology, November 2010 - San Franciso, CA
  • Evidence-based Correctional Practice: A Critical Review and Assessment - International Criminology Conference, June 2010 - Stockholm, Sweeden
  • Consequences of Corruption In Probation Department - Radio Broadcast Featured on NPR "Radio Boston" Program, May 2010
  • An Evidence-Based Review of New Approaches to the Problem of Prison Violence and (2) Innovations in Offender Reentry - Univeristy College and University Galway, 2007 - Dublin, Ireland
  • Emerging Roles and Responsibilities in the Reentry Partnership Initiative: New Ways of Doing Business - Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice, 2002
  • Engaging the Community in Offender Reentry - Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice, 2002
  • Offenders Views of Reentry: Implications For Processes, Programs, and Services - Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice, 2002
  • Targeting for Reentry: Matching Needs and Services to Maximize Public Safety - Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice, 2002
  • From Prison Safety to Public Safety: Innovations in Offender Reentry - The Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice, 2002
  • - First Community Corrections Symposium, November 1986 - Massachusetts Massachusetts Office of the Commissioner of Probation

Selected Contracts, Fellowships, Grants and Sponsored Research

  • Simulating The Likely Impact of Correctional Reform on the Size, Cost, and Effectiveness of The Adult Correctional System in The United States (2009), Grant - Bureau of Justice Assistance
    Byrne, J. (Co-Principal), Pattavina, A. (Co-Principal)
  • Evaluating the Effectiveness of Manualized (Cognitive Behavioral) Treatment in a Seamless System of Care: A Randomized Field Experiment. (2005), Grant - National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
    Byrne, J. (Co-Principal), Taxman, F. (Principal)
  • A Multisite Evaluation of NICIs Institutional Culture Change Initiative (2003), Grant - National Institute of Corrections
    Byrne, J. (Co-Principal), Taxman, F. (Co-Principal)
  • An Examination of Workload in the Division of Juvenile Services Department of Corrections, State of Maine (1997), Grant - State of Maine and the National Institute of Corrections
    Byrne, J. (Principal)
  • Assessing the Link between the Organizational Structure of Probation Departments and the Effectiveness of Probation: A Nationwide Review (1996), Grant - Arizona Supreme Court
    Byrne, J.
  • Response to Domestic Violence in a Proactive Court Setting (1995), Grant - National Institute of Justice
    Byrne, J. (Co-Principal), Buzawa, E. (Co-Principal)
  • Punishment, Probation and the Problem of Community Control: A Randomized Field Experiment on Absconder Location Strategies (1990), Grant - National Institute of Corrections, Community Corrections Division and The National Institute of Justice
    Byrne, J. (Principal)
  • The Development of an Objective Risk/Need Classification Model for the Illinois Juvenile Probation System. (1990), Grant - Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts, Probation Division.
    Byrne, J. (Principal)
  • Supplemental Funding Request to Support the Evaluation of Intensive Probation Supervision in Massachusetts (1987), Grant - National Institute of Justice
    Byrne, J. (Principal)
  • The Impact of Intensive Probation Supervision in Massachusetts. (1985), Grant - National Institute of Justice
    Byrne, J. (Principal)
  • The Recidivism of Juveniles Committed to the Massachusetts Department of Youth Services. (1987), Contract - National Council on Crime and Delinquency, in conjunction with the Edna McConnell Clark Foundation
    Byrne, J. (Principal)
  • Supplemental Research on Domestic Violence Incident Reporting in Massachusetts, (1987), Sponsored Research - Massachusetts Committee on Criminal Justice and the Bureau of Justice Statistics
    Byrne, J. (Co-Principal), Buzawa, E. (Co-Principal)
  • Domestic Violence Incident Reporting in Massachusetts. (1986), Contract - Massachusetts Committee on Criminal Justice and the Bureau of Justice Statistics
    Byrne, J. (Co-Principal), Buzawa, E. (Co-Principal)
  • Seed Money for Research Award. (1985), Sponsored Research - University of Massachusetts, Lowell.
    Byrne, J. (Principal)
  • Seed Money for Research Award. (1984), Sponsored Research - University of Massachusetts, Lowell.
    Byrne, J. (Principal)