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Mathew Barlow

Matthew Barlow
Mathew BarlowAssociate Professor

Research Interests

climate variability, climate change, droughts, floods, heat waves

Influence of large-scale climate variability and change on local conditions of importance to society. Particular climate focii include: climate change, droughts, floods, and heat waves. Particular geographic regions include the Northeast US, North America, Southwest Asia, Middle East, and Africa.


  • Ph D: Meterology, (1999), University of Maryland - Maryland
  • BA: Physics, (1991), Swarthmore College -

Awards and Honors

  • EEAS Departmental Teaching Excellence Award (2009), Teaching - EEAS, UML
  • EEAS Departmental Teaching Excellence Award (2007), Teaching - UML
  • NCAR Advanced Studies Program Summer Colloquium (2000), Scholarship/Research - NCAR
  • UCAR Postdoctoral Fellowship (1999), Scholarship/Research - UCAR
  • NASA Earth System Science Fellowship (1997), Scholarship/Research - NASA
  • Inducted into the Sigma Xi Scientific Research Society (1991), Scholarship/Research - Sigma Xi Scientific Research Society


  • Hoell, A., Barlow, M., Cannon, F., Xu, T. (2017) "Oceanic Origins of Historical Southwest Asia Precipitation During the Boreal Cold Season," Journal of Climate 2017
  • Barlow, M., Zaitchik, B., Paz, S., Black, E., Evans, J., Hoell, A. (2016) "A review of drought in the middle east and southwest asia," Journal of Climate 29:23 pp. 8547–8574
  • Schubert, S.D., Stewart, R.E., Wang, H., Barlow, M., Berbery, E.H., Cai, W., Hoerling, M.P., Kanikicharla, K.K., Koster, R.D., Lyon, B., others, . (2016) "Global meteorological drought: a synthesis of current understanding with a focus on SST drivers of precipitation deficits," Journal of Climate 29:11 pp. 3989–4019
  • Barlow, M., Hoell, A., Schubert, S., Wang, H. (2016) "How well do models reproduce the ocean-forced teleconnections associated with droughts and pluvials in the Middle East and Southwest Asia?," 18: pp. 11012
  • Barlow, M., Hoell, A., Schubert, S., Wang, H. (2016) "Modeling drought variability in the water scarce Middle East and Southwest Asia," 18: pp. 11038
  • Grotjahn, R., Black, R., Leung, R., Wehner, M.F., Barlow, M., Bosilovich, M., Gershunov, A., Gutowski, Jr, W.J., Gyakum, J.R., Katz, R.W., others, . (2016) "North American extreme temperature events and related large scale meteorological patterns: a review of statistical methods, dynamics, modeling, and trends," Climate Dynamics 46:3-4 pp. 1151–1184
  • Hoell, A., Funk, C., Barlow, M., Shukla, S. (2016) "Recent and possible future variations in the North American Monsoon," Springer pp. 149–162
  • Barlow, M., Cohen, J., Furtado, J. (2016) "Three-dimensional structure and daily evolution of vertically-coherent troposphere-stratosphere wave activity pulses," 18: pp. 11056
  • Roller, C.D., Qian, J., Agel, L., Barlow, M., Moron, V. (2016) "Winter Weather Regimes in the Northeast United States.," Journal of Climate 29:8 pp. 2963 - 2980
  • Agel, L., Barlow, M., Qian, J., Colby, F.P., Douglas, E., Eichler, T. (2015) "Climatology of Daily Precipitation and Extreme Precipitation Events in the Northeast United States," Journal of Hydrometeorology 16:6 pp. 2537–2557
  • Hoell, A., Funk, C., Barlow, M. (2015) "The Forcing of Southwestern Asia Teleconnections by Low-Frequency Sea Surface Temperature Variability during Boreal Winter," Journal of Climate 28:4 pp. 1511–1526
  • Hoell, A., Barlow, M., Wheeler, M., Funk, C. (2014) "Disruptions of El Niño - Southern Oscillation Teleconnections by the Madden-Julian Oscillation," Geophysical Research Letters 41: pp. 998-1004
  • Hoell, A., Funk, C., Barlow, M. (2014) "La Nina diversity and Northwest Indian Ocean rim teleconnections," Climate Dynamics 43: pp. 2707-2724
  • Cohen, J., Furtado, J., Jones, J., Barlow, M., Whittleson, D., Entekhabi, D. (2014) "Linking Siberian Snow Cover to Precursors of Stratospheric Variability," Journal of Climate 27: pp. 5422-5432
  • Cohen, J., Screen, J.A., Furtado, J.C., Barlow, M., Whittleston, D., Coumou, D., Francis, J., Dethloff, K., Entekhabi, D., Overland, J., others, . (2014) "Recent Arctic amplification and extreme mid-latitude weather," Nature geoscience 7:9 pp. 627–637
  • Hoell, A., Funk, C., Barlow, M. (2014) "The regional forcing of Northern hemisphere drought during recent warm tropical west Pacific Ocean La Nina events," Climate dynamics 42:11-12 pp. 3289–3311
  • Hoell, A., Barlow, M., Saini, R. (2013) "Intraseasonal and Seasonal-to-Interannual Indian Ocean Convection and Hemospheric Teleconnections," Journal of Climate 26: pp. 8850-8867
  • Saini, R., Barlow, M., Hoell, A. (2013) "Is the North American Monsoon self-limiting?," Geophysical Research Letters 40: pp. 4442-4447
  • Cohen, J.L., Furtado, J.C., Barlow, M., Alexeev, V.A., Cherry, J.E. (2012) "Arctic warming, increasing snow cover and widespread boreal winter cooling," Environmental Research Letters 7:1
  • Cohen, J.L., Furtado, J.C., Barlow, M., Alexeev, V.A., Cherry, J.E. (2012) "Asymmetric seasonal temperature trends," Geophysical Research Letters 39:4
  • Hoell, A., Barlow, M., Saini, R. (2012) "The Leading Pattern of Intraseasonal and Interannual Indian Ocean Precipitation Variability and Its Relationship with Asian Circulation during the Boreal Cold Season," Journal of Climate 25:21 pp. 7509-7526
  • Saini, R., Barlow, M., Hoell, A. (2011) "Dynamics and thermodynamics of the regional response to the Indian monsoon onset," Journal of Climate 24:22 pp. 5879-5886
  • Barlow, M. (2011) "Influence of hurricane-related activity on North American extreme precipitation," Geophysical Research Letters 38:4
  • Agel, L., Lopez, V., Barlow, M., Colby, F. (2011) "Regional and large-scale influences on summer ozone levels in Southern California," Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 50:4 pp. 800-805
  • Barlow, M., Lau, W., Waliser, D. (2011) "The Madden-Julian Oscillation influence on Africa and West Asia. Intraseasonal Variability in the Coupled Tropical Ocean-Atmosphere System,," Springer Praxis pp. 646
  • Zhang, P., Anderson, B., Barlow, M., Tan, B., Myneni, R. (2010) "Application of a satellite-based climate-variability impact index for crop yield forecasting in drought stricken regions," African J.Plant Sci 4: pp. 82-94
  • Small, D., Islam, S., Barlow, M. (2010) "The impact of a hemispheric circulation regime on fall precipitation over North America," Journal of Hydrometeorology 11:5 pp. 1182-1189
  • Cohen, J., Foster, J., Barlow, M., Saito, K., Jones, J. (2010) "Winter 2009-2010: A case study of an extreme Arctic Oscillation event," Geophysical Research Letters 37:17
  • Cohen, J., Barlow, M., Saito, K. (2009) "Decadal fluctuations in planetary wave forcing modulate global warming in late boreal winter," Journal of Climate 22:16 pp. 4418-4426
  • Barlow, M., Tippett, M.K. (2008) "Variability and predictability of Central Asia river flows: Antecedent winter precipitation and large-scale teleconnections," Journal of Hydrometeorology 9:6 pp. 1334-1349
  • Funk, C., Dettinger, M.D., Michaelsen, J.C., Verdin, J.P., Brown, M.E., Barlow, M., Hoell, A. (2008) "Warming of the Indian Ocean threatens eastern and southern African food security but could be mitigated by agricultural development," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105:32 pp. 11081-11086
  • Barlow, M., Hoell, A., Colby, F. (2007) "Examining the wintertime response to tropical convection over the Indian Ocean by modifying convective heating in a full atmospheric model," Geophysical Research Letters 34:19
  • Cohen, J., Barlow, M., Kushner, P.J., Saito, K. (2007) "Stratosphere-troposphere coupling and links with Eurasian land surface variability," Journal of Climate 20:21 pp. 5335-5343
  • Barlow, M., Salstein, D. (2006) "Summertime influence of the Madden-Julian Oscillation on daily rainfall over Mexico and Central America," Geophysical Research Letters 33:21
  • Barlow, M., Salstein, D., Cullen, H. (2005) "Hydrologic extremes in Central- Southwest Asia," Eos 86: pp. 218
  • Barlow, M., Wheeler, M., Lyon, B., Cullen, H. (2005) "Modulation of daily precipitation over Southwest Asia by the Madden-Julian oscillation," Monthly Weather Review 133:12 pp. 3579-3594
  • Cohen, J., Barlow, M. (2005) "The NAO, the AO, and global warming: how closely related?," J.Climate 18: pp. 4498-4513
  • Zhang, P., Anderson, B., Barlow, M., Tan, B., Myneni, R. (2004) "Climate related vegetation characteristics derived from MODIS LAI and NDVI," J.Geophys. 109:
  • Barlow, M., Tippett, M. (2004) "Predicting Central Asia river flows from regional precipitation and wind patterns during the preceding cold season," IAHS Red Book, Regional Hydrologic Impacts of Climate Variability pp. 1-7
  • White, W., Tourre, Y., Barlow, M., Dettinger, M. (2003) "A delayed action oscillator mechanism shared by biennial, interannual, and decadal signals in the Pacific basin," J.Geophys.Res 108:
  • Tipett, M.K., Barlow, M., Lyon, B. (2003) "Statistical correction of Central Southwest Asia winter precipitation simulations," Int.J.Climate 23: pp. 1421-1433
  • Barlow, M., Cullen, H., Lyon, B. (2002) "Drought in Central and Southwest Asia: La Nina, the warm pool, and Indian Ocean precipitation," J.Climate 15: pp. 697-700
  • Barlow, M., Nigam, S., Berbery, E.H. (2001) "ENSO, Pacific decadal variability, and U.S summertime precipitation, drought, and streamflow," J.Climate 14: pp. 2105-2128
  • Tourre, Y., Rajagopalan, B., Kushnir, Y., Barlow, M., White, W. (2001) "Patterns of Coherent Decadal and Interdecadal Climate Signals in the Pacific Basin during the 20th Century," Geophysical Research Letters 28: pp. 2069-2072
  • Nigam, S., Barlow, M., Berbery, E.H. (1999) "Analysis links Pacific decadal variability to drought and stream flow in United States," Eos 80: pp. 621-622
  • Barlow, M., Nigam, S., Berbery, E.H. (1998) "Evolution of the North American Monsoon System," J.Climate 11: pp. 2238-2257


  • Barlow, M., 2012: Drought in the Middle East and Southwest Asia - WCRP Global Drought Information System Workshop, 2012 - Frascati, Italy
  • Barlow, M., 2011: The use of large-scale climate data to predict drought, river-flow, and vegetation over Central-Southwest Asia. - 2011 Symposium on Data-Driven Approaches to Droughts, 2011 - West Lafayette, Indiana, United States
  • Barlow, M., 2011: Seasonal and subseasonal predictability of drought in Central- Southwest Asia. - WCRP Workshop on Drought Predictability and Prediction in a Changing Climate, 2011 - Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
  • Barlow, M., 2010: Estimating oceanic precipitation during the 1930s ÒDustbowlÓ and 1950s US droughts. - 2010 Annual Meeting, 2010 - Atlanta, Georgia, United States
  • Barlow, M., 2010: Influence of the Madden-Julian Oscillation on Middle East Precipitation. - 2010 Regional Meeting, 2010 - Tel Aviv, Israel
  • Barlow, M., 2010: Israel Drought Hazard During 1998-2000, Connections to Historic Drought Patterns, and Ocean Trends - 2010 Regional Meeting, 2010 - Tel Aviv, Israel
  • Barlow, M., 2008: Extreme rainfall, hurricanes, and the Madden-Julian Oscillation: Impacts and predictability. - 2008 AMS Annual Meeting, 2008 - New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
  • Barlow, M., 2008: Snowmelt, drought, and vegetation in the western US: regionalscale patterns and predictability. - 2008 AMS Annual Meeting, 2008 - New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
  • Barlow, M., and M. Tippett, 2008: Predicting Central Asia river flows. - Association of American Geographers, 2008 Annual Meeting, 2008 - Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • Barlow, M., and J. Rhoads, 2007: Hurricanes, extreme rainfall, and subseasonal predictability for the US, Mexico, and Central America. - AGU 2007 Joint Assembly, 2007 - Acapulco, Mexico
  • Barlow, M., 2007: Tropical influences on the hydroclimate and vegetation of Central and Southwest Asia., 2007
  • Barlow, M., H. Cullen, B. Lyon, and O. Wilhelmi, 2006: Calculating drought hazard at the country-level in Asia. - 2006 AMS Annual Meeting, 2006 - Atlanta, Georgia, United States
  • Barlow, M., and M. Tippett, 2006: Predictability of Central Asia river flows: the role of regional and large-scale climate variability. - 2006 EGU Annual Meeting, 2006 - Vienna, Austria
  • Barlow, M., and M. Tippett, 2005: The use of large-scale information to predict Central Asia river flows at one and two season leads. - 2005 AMS Annual Meeting, 2005 - San Diego, California, United States

Contracts, Fellowships, Grants and Sponsored Research

  • Subcontractor: Project on Disaster Hotspots (2003), Contract - Barlow's institution
  • Frequency of Winter Weather Regimes in the US Northeast as an Indicator for Natio (2013), Grant -
    Barlow, M. (Co-Principal)
  • ARRA - Collaborative Research: Analysis and attribution of changes in Siberian hy (2009), Grant -
    Barlow, M. (Principal)
  • PI: Collaborative NSF Polar Programs Project, "Analysis and attribution of changes in Siberian hydroclimate and implications for the future. (2009), Grant - NSF & UML
  • PI: Collaborative NSF Hydrology Project, "A precipitation dipole in eastern North America: Issues of space-time variability and physical mechanisms. (2008), Grant - UML
  • Collaborative Research: A Precipitation Dipole in Eastern North America: Issues o (2008), Grant -
    Barlow, M. (Principal)
  • PI: Climate Prediction Program for the Americas (CPPA) Project, Remote and regional forcing of US drought (2008), Grant - NOAA
  • Remote and Regional Forcing of US Drought (2008), Grant -
    Barlow, M. (Principal)
  • PI: Climate and Large-scale Dynamics Project, "Empirical and diagnostic analysis of the influence of the Madden-Julian Oscillation on the precipitation of Central and North America (2004), Grant - Barlow's institution
  • Subcontractor: Project on Hydrology of Central and Southwest Asia. (2007), Contract - Georgia Tech NSF
  • PI: Water Cycle Project, "Hydrology of Central and Southwest Asia: Connections between regional atmospheric circulation and large-scale climate variability (2003), Grant - Barlow's institution
  • Hydrology of Central and Southwest Asia: Connections between Regional Atmospheric (2007), Contract - NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION
    Barlow, M. (Principal)
  • PI: Enhancing Teaching and Learning Through the Use of Technology Project (2006), Grant - UMASS
  • CO-PI: Human Dimensions Project on precipitation in Central America (2004), Grant - Barlow's institution