the pre-practicum is a combination of coursework and field experiences and is a state requirement for both teachers of record and preservice teachers. It takes place in the semester before the practicum. Preservice teachers participate in either a full-day professional seminar, diverse field-based observations and experiences. The pre-practicum helps bridge theory into practice and provide opportunities for discussion and feedback in all coursework in the program. A portfolio addressing Massachusetts' professional teacher standards (PSTs) and SMKs (Subject Matter Knowledge) is required at the end of the pre-practicum. After successful completion of the pre-practicum and with the approval of the graduate coordinator, students request a practicum placement.