During this 14-hour program participants will learn the proper procedures for making entry into Permit Required Confined Spaces. This program of instruction will prepare the participant to operate in the capacity of Entrant, Attendant or Supervisor during Confined Space (CS) operations. Participants will become familiar with OSHA’s Confined Space Standard, which is codified at 29 CFR 1910.146, and how to properly employ the permit program. This course is a combination of half classroom instruction with the other half devoted to practical scenarios in actual permit spaces utilizing the appropriate personal protective equipment, meters and ventilation. This course of instruction is required by OSHA before an employee can enter a Permit Required Confined Space. A special emphasis is placed on safety and non-entry rescue. CEU=1.4
This course is approved by the MA Board of Certification of Wastewater Treatment Plant Operators for 14 training contact hours. (Course ID No. BC-2011-2329)
This course is approved by the MA Board of Certification of Operators of Drinking Water Supply Facilities for 14 training contact hours. (Course ID No. DWT-2011-56)
This course is approved by the CT Department of Environmental Protection Bureau of Water Protection and Land Reuse for wastewater treatment plant operators for 14 training contact hours.
This course is approved by the CT Department of Public Health for 14 training contact hours for certified operators of Drinking Water Supply Facilities. (Course ID No. TDS-91-695)
This course is approved by the RI Board of Certification of Drinking Water Operators for 14 training contact hours.
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This course typically is delivered over the course of two 7-hour days, from 8:00 a.m. to 3:30 p.m., with a half-hour break at noon for lunch. Alternative schedules are negotiable.
- TNEC developed Student Manual supplemented with AFSCME developed manual
- Copies of OSHA’s Confined Space Standard, 29 CFR 1910.146
- NFPA 1006, Standard for Technical Rescuer Professional Qualifications
- NIOSH Pocket Guide
- TNEC developed Confined Space Analysis Form
- Course Agenda, which comports with the following outline
Module 1.1: Introductions and Welcome
Trainers introduce themselves to the class indicating their backgrounds, current affiliation with the TNEC training program, interests relative to health and safety and any areas of expertise that they are willing to share with students. Students introduce themselves to the others present and give a brief summary of the kind of work that they currently are doing or have done in the past, their reason for attending this Confined Space training and any expectations beyond receiving a certificate of training. Trainers briefly review the agenda for the two days.
Learning Objectives: To introduce one's self to others present, to learn the names and backgrounds of others present. To become acquainted with the course agenda.
Performance Measures: Students are able to describe the variety of work experiences and motivations for attending this training that are represented in the class.
Module 1.2: Confined Space Entry Regulations
Learning Objectives: To understand the structure and requirements of the OSHA Confined Space Standard
Performance Measures: Students are able to demonstrate that they have read and understand assigned sections of the OSHA Confined Space Standard by preparing and presenting a Confined Space Regulations Tool Box Talk to the rest of the class.
Module 1.3: Review of real world Confined Space incidents
Learning Objectives: Working in small groups and using NIOSH Fatality Assessment Control Evaluation (FACE) Reports, students develop recommendations that they feel would have helped to prevent the fatality described in their assigned NIOSH FACE Report.
Performance Measures: Students are able to read and present a brief synopsis of a Confined Space incident that was assigned to them including the root causes of that incident and the controls that would have helped prevent the fatality.
Module 1.4: Analyzing Confined Spaces Photos Using the TNEC Confined Space Analysis Form
Learning Objectives: Students are introduced to the TNEC Confined Space Analysis Form and its use and learn how to apply it to a given Confined Space scenario photo. The TNEC form is based on requirements set forth in the OSHA Confined Space Standard (29 CFR 1910.146).
Performance Measures: Students successfully fill out the TNEC CS Analysis Form for a given CS scenario photo and present the results of their analysis to the rest of the class.
Module 1.5: Review use of the NIOSH POCKET GUIDE to Chemical Hazards and Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS’s)
Learning Objectives: Review the use of the NIOSH Pocket Guide and MSDS’s.
Performance Measures: Using the NIOSH Pocket Guide as a reference, students are able to list three hazardous properties of chemicals, look up the physical properties of one or more chemicals assigned to them and report on their findings to the rest of the class.
Chemicals used usually include carbon monoxide (CO), methane gas (CH4) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S), since these chemicals are often encountered in confined spaces.
Module 1.6: Air Monitoring Equipment – Use of Photo-Ionization Detector, 4-Gas Meter, Combustible Gas Indicator/Oxygen Sensor (CGI/O2) & Colorimetric Tubes
Learning Objectives: Students learn how to interpret instrument readings for the protection of worker health and safety.
Performance Measures: Through hands-on use of the above instruments with bags of various synthetic gas mixtures, students working in small groups successfully interpret the instrument readouts for the protection of a worker’s health & safety.
Module 1.7: Analyzing Confined Spaces (Part 1) – Use of the TNEC Confined Space Analysis Form
Learning Objectives: Each student analyzes an actual physical Confined Space assigned to them using the TNEC Confined Space Analysis Form. Confined Spaces may include a tunnel, a vault or tank and a space set below a 10-foot drop.
Performance Measures: Students analyze the Confined Space assigned to them and successfully present to the rest of the class the hazards and controls for the task to be performed.
Module 1.8: De-brief and Summarize Day 1
Trainers lead the class though a review of the content of Day 1 and solicit questions and provide clarification regarding any issues that may not be clear to any student.
Trainers review any questions from Day 1. Trainers briefly review agenda for Day 2.
Module 2.1: Ventilation of Confined Spaces
Learning Objectives: Students learn the basics of how to analyze the volume of air contained in a Confined Space and how to and how long to ventilate a Confined Space.
Performance Measures: Using a specific blower in relation to a specific physical Confined Space, students successfully calculate the capacity of the blower and the minimum time required to ventilate the assigned Confined Space.
Module 2.2: Personal Protective Equipment - Harnesses, Respiratory Protection
Learning Objectives: Students learn about the limitations and use of harnesses and respiratory protection equipment. Respirator choices may include Air Purifying Respirators (APR’s), Supplied Air Respirators (SAR’s) or Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA’s)
Performance Measures: In a hands-on activity, students demonstrate to a trainer that they can successfully don and doff a harness and don and doff a respirator. Students are given the opportunity while wearing the harness to be raised and lowered from a ground level tripod.
Module 2.3: Rescue and Emergency Procedures –
29 CFR 1910.146 and NFPA 1006 Self Rescue and Attendant Rescue
Learning objectives: Students learn about Self Rescue and Attendant Rescue and their limitations. Students learn about the technical requirements for in-house vs. outside rescue teams and the need to communicate with the latter (e.g., the local Fire Dept.) and to obtain their written agreement to provide such services, if needed.
Performance Measures: Students are able to articulate that this course is not sufficient training for Rescue under Emergency conditions, that is, for other than Self Rescue or Attendant Rescue.
Module 2.4: Working Lunch Break: View Lock Out/Tag Out Video
Learning Objectives: Students are introduced to the basic concepts of Lock-Out/Tag-Out as applied to the de-energizing of various kinds of hazards that can be found in confined spaces.
Performance Measures: See Module 2.6.c
Module 2.5: Analyzing Confined Spaces (Part 2) - Completing a CS Entry Permit.
Learning Objectives: Students are introduced to use of the Confined Space Entry Permit.
Performance Measures: Students successfully complete a Confined Space Entry Permit
for the Confined Space scenario that was assigned to them in Module 1.7 on Day 1.
Module 2.6: Hands-On Work with Three (3) Confined Space Setups:
a. Donning/Doffing a Harness and use of Tripod
Performance Measures: Working in pairs, one student successfully dons a harness and the other successfully raises the first off the floor and then lowers that student back down to the floor using the tripod. Students then reverse roles and repeat this activity.
b. Horizontal Self Rescue with SAR or SCBA
Performance Measures: Working in pairs, students individually successfully demonstrate the donning of an SAR or SCBA, entry into a horizontal Confined Space, Self Rescue from that space and doffing of the SAR or SCBA.
c. Vertical Entry into a Confined Space from One-Story Platform using Tripod and Harness, with Attendant Rescue
Performance Measures: Working in pairs, student entrants are lowered into a vertical Confined Space by an Attendant where the Entrant performs a Lock-Out/Tag-Out activity in that space. The Entrant radios out his/her activities and progress to the attendant. The Entrant then is retrieved by the Attendant.
Overall Performance Measures: At each of the above three hands-on stations students demonstrate to their trainers that they can work together, as appropriate, and successfully employ the provided equipment to accomplish the assigned task at each station.
Module 2.7: De-brief and Summarize Entire Course
Trainers review the entire two days and solicit and answer any remaining questions from attending students.
Module 2.8: Course Evaluations and Wrap-Up
Trainers distribute a Course Evaluation Form to each student, which they complete individually and return to their trainers. Trainers distribute a certificate to each student and thank all for attending.