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Long Chiang

Long Chiang is a Professor in the Chemistry Department at UMass Lowell.
Long Y. Chiang Professor
  • College
    College of Sciences
  • Department
    Chemistry
  • Phone
    978-934-3663
  • Email
  • Profile Links

Research Interests

Nano-organic photonic materials, Photodynamic therapeutic nanomedicine, Nanovesicles for drug delivery

  1. Design, synthesis, and study of biological effect of well-defined polycationic, steroregular, and molecularly self-organizable nanofullerene-derived nanovesicles (fulleroliposomes) as active free radical scavenging agents for neuron protection, preventive agent against damage during ischemia-reperfusion, and antioxidant against lipoprotein peroxidation. Similar derivatives were designed as bio-photonics and utilized as nano-PDT drugs, in combination of photoenergy, for one-photon absorptive (1PA)-photodynamic therapy (1γ-PDT) and NIR two-photon absorptive 2γ-PDT, to kill multiantibiotic-resistant bacteria and cancer/tumor cells for the protection of human from deadly infections and diseases.
  2. Design and synthesis of ultrafast broadband photoresponsive, nonlinear multiphoton energy absorptive (2PA and MPA) hybrid fullerene-fluorene chromophore nanostructures for personnel/eye/sensor protection applications against high-intensity light-energy induced damage.
  3. Design and synthesis of bulk photoenergy-responsive multiferroic nanomagnetic molecular metamaterials based on molecular self-assembled fullerosome-plasmonic nanoparticles for RF-tunable signal applications at microwave and radio frequencies.

Education

  • Other: Chemistry, (1980), Johns Hopkins University
  • Ph D: Chemistry, (1979), Cornell University - Ithaca, NY
  • MS: Chemistry, (1977), Cornell University - Ithaca, NY
  • MS: Chemistry, (1975), SUNY and Cornell University - Ithaca, NY
  • BS: Chemistry, (1971), National Cheng Kung University

Selected Awards and Honors

  • 2021 Vebleo Fellow and Keynote speaker of Nanomedicine, Nanomaterials, and Nanotechnology.
  • 2020 Fellow and Keynote speaker of Advanced Materials Fellow Lecture, International Association of Advanced Materials (IAAM), Sweden.
  • 2018-present Editorial Board Member of Materials Chemistry, Molecules (Journal).
  • Chair Research Fellowship (1994) - National Taiwan University, Taiwan

Selected Publications

  • Wang, M.; Yin, H.; Yu, T.; Tan, L.-S.; Urbas, A.; Chiang, L. Y. Reversible enlargement of photoswitchable dielectric properties by plasmonic [60]fullerenyl core-shell nanoparticles on graphene nanosheets. J. Phys. Chem. C, 2020, 124, 5759-5771.
  • Chiang, L.Y. (2020). Reversible enlargement of photoswitchable dielectric properties by plasmonic [60]fullerenyl core–shell nanoparticles on graphene nanosheets. J. Phys. Chem. C,124 5759−5771.
  • Chiang, L.Y. (2019). Sodium nitrite potentiates antimicrobial photodynamic inactivation: Possible involvement of peroxynitrate. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. ,18 505‒515.
  • Chiang, L.Y. (2019). Synthesis and intramolecular energy- and electron-transfer of 3D-stereoisomeric tris(fluorenyl-[60]fullerenylfluorene) derivatives. Molecules,24 3337.
  • Chiang, L.Y. (2018). 3D-conformer of tris[60]fullerenylated cis-tris(diphenylaminofluorene) as photoswitchable charge-polarizer on GHz-responsive trilayered core-shell dielectric nanoparticles. Molecules,23 1873‒1889.
  • Chiang, L.Y. (2018). Enhancement of photoswitchable dielectric property by conducting electron donors on plasmonic core-shell gold-fluorenyl C60 nanoparticles. J. Phys. Chem. C ,122 12512–12523.
  • Chiang, L.Y. (2018). New 3D-Sstereoconfigurated cis-tris(fluorenylphenylamino)-benzene with large steric hindrance to minimize π–π stacking in thin-film devices. Dyes Pigm. ,149 377‒386.
  • Chiang, L.Y. (2018). Progressive cationic functionalization of chlorin derivatives for antimicrobial photodynamic inactivation and related vancomycin conjugate. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. ,17 638‒651.
  • Jeon, S., Wang, M., Ji, W., Tan, L., Cooper, T., Chiang, L.Y. (2016). Broadband Two-Photon Absorption Characteristics of Highly Photostable Fluorenyl-Dicyanoethylenylated [60]Fullerene Dyads. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland),21(5).
  • Wang, M., Su, C., Yu, T., Tan, L., Hu, B., Urbas, A., Chiang, L.Y. (2016). Novel Photoswitchable Dielectric Properties on Nanomaterials of Electronic Core-Shell γ-Feox@Au@Fullerosomes for GHZ Frequency Applications. Nanoscale,8(12) 6589 - 6599.
  • Wang, M., Yu, T., Tan, L., Urbas, A., Chiang, L.Y. (2016). Tunability of RF-Responses by Plasmonic Dielectric Amplification Using Branched e—Polarizable C60-Adducts on Magnetic Nanoparticles. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C,120(31) 17711–17721.
  • Yin, R., Wang, M., Huang, Y., Landi, G., Vecchio, D., Chiang, L.Y., Hamblin, M.R. (2015). Antimicrobial Photodynamic Inactivation with Decacationic Functionalized Fullerenes: Oxygen-Independent Photokilling in Presence of Azide and New Mechanistic Insights. Free Radical Biology & Medicine,79 14 - 27.
  • Hamblin, M.R., Chiang, L.Y., Lakshmanan, S., Huang, Y., Garcia-Diaz, M., Karimi, M., de Souza Rastelli, Alessandra Nara, ., Chandran, R. (2015). Nanotechnology for Photodynamic Therapy: A Perspective from the Laboratory of Dr. Michael R. Hamblin in the Wellman Center for Photomedicine at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School. Nanotechnology Reviews,4(4) 359.
  • Yin, R., Wang, M., Huang, Y., Landi, G., Vecchio, D., Chiang, L.Y., Hamblin, M.R. (2015). Original Contribution: Antimicrobial Photodynamic Inactivation with Decacationic Functionalized Fullerenes: Oxygen-Independent Photokilling in Presence of Azide and New Mechanistic Insights. Free Radical Biology and Medicine,79 14 - 27.
  • Nam-Goo, K., Ken, K., Seaho, J., Min, W., Chang-Lyoul, L., Canteenwala, T., Loon-Seng, T., Chiang, L.Y. (2015). Synthesis and Photoluminescent Properties of Geometrically Hindered cis-Tris(diphenylaminofluorene) as Precursors to Light-Emitting Devices. Molecules,20(3) 4635.
  • Wang, M., Jeon, S., Su, C., Yu, T., Tan, L., Chiang, L.Y. (2015). Synthesis of Photoswitchable Magnetic Au–Fullerosome Hybrid Nanomaterials for Permittivity Enhancement Applications . Molecules, 14746-14760 .
  • Huang, L., Wang, M., Dai, T., Sperandio, F.F., Huang, Y., Xuan, Y., Chiang, L.Y., Hamblin, M.R. (2014). Antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy with Decacationic Monoadducts and Bisadducts of [70]Fullerene: In Vitro and in Vivo Studies. Nanomedicine, (2) 253.
  • Yin, R., Wang, M., Huang, Y., Huang, H., Avci, P., Chiang, L.Y., Hamblin, M.R. (2014). Photodynamic Therapy with Decacationic [60]Fullerene Monoadducts: Effect of a Light Absorbing Electron-Donor Antenna and Micellar Formulation. Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, And Medicine,10(4) 795 - 808.
  • Huang, Y.b., Sharma, S., Yin, R.b., Agrawal, T.b., Chiang, L., Hamblin, M.b. (2014). Functionalized Fullerenes in Photodynamic Therapy. Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology,10(9) 1918-1936.
  • Yin, R.b., Wang, M., Huang, Y.b., Huang, H.b., Avci, P.b., Chiang, L., Hamblin, M.b. (2014). Photodynamic Therapy with Decacationic [60]Fullerene Monoadducts: Effect of a Light Absorbing Electron-Donor Antenna and Micellar Formulation. Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine,10(4) 795-808.
  • Huang, L.b., Wang, M., Dai, T.c., Sperandio, F.e., Huang, Y.c., Xuan, Y.g., Chiang, L., Hamblin, M.c. (2014). Antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy with Decacationic Monoadducts and Bisadducts of [70]Fullerene: In Vitro and in Vivo Studies. Nanomedicine,9(2) 253-266.
  • Wang, M., Canteenwala, T., Nalla, V., Tan, L., Ji, W., Chiang, L. (2013). Synthesis of c60-Antenna Nanostructure-Based Fullerosome Vesicles for Ultrafast Nonlinear Photonic Applications (45:20 pp. 3-14). ECS Transactions
  • Wang, M., Huang, L.c., Dai, T.d., Sperandio, F.e., Huang, Y.d., Hamblin, M.d., Chiang, L. (2013). Synthesis of Decacationic C70 Bisadducts by Incorporating Covalently Bound Electron-Donors for Enhancement of Radical-Based Type-I PDT (53:27 pp. 1-14). ECS Transactions
  • Zang, H., Yan, L., Li, M., He, L., Gai, Z., Ivanov, I., Wang, M., Chiang, L., Urbas, A., Hu, B. (2013). Magneto-Dielectric Effects Induced by Optically-Generated Intermolecular Charge-Transfer States in Organic Semiconducting Materials. Scientific Reports,3.
  • Gupta, A., Avci, P., Sadasivam, M., Chandran, R., Parizotto, N., Vecchio, D., de Melo, W.C., Dai, T., Chiang, L.Y., Hamblin, M.R. (2013). Shining Light on Nanotechnology to Help Repair and Regeneration. Biotechnology Advances.
  • Jeon, S., Haley, J., Flikkema, J.c., Nalla, V., Wang, M., Sfeir, M., Tan, L., Cooper, T., Ji, W., Hamblin, M.g., Chiang, L. (2013). Linear and Nonlinear Optical Properties of Photoresponsive [60]Fullerene Hybrid Triads and Tetrads with Dual Nir Two-Photon Absorption Characteristics. Journal of Physical Chemistry C,117(33) 17186-17195.
  • Jeon, S., Wang, M., Tan, L., Cooper, T., Hamblin, M.d., Chiang, L. (2013). Synthesis of Photoresponsive Dual NIR Two-Photon Absorptive [60]Fullerene Triads and Tetrads. Molecules,18(8) 9603-9622.
  • Huang, L.b., Wang, M., Sharma, S., Sperandio, F.F.a b d e, ., Maragani, S., Naykaa, S., Chang, J.f., Hamblin, M.b., Chiang, L.h. (2013). Decacationic [70]Fullerene Approach for Efficient Photokilling of Infectious Bacteria and Cancer Cells (45:20 pp. 65-73). ECS Transactions
  • Sperandio, F.F.a b c d, ., Sharma, S., Wang, M., Jeon, S., Huang, Y.c., Dai, T.c., Nayka, S., de Sousa, S., Chiang, L.f., Hamblin, M.c. (2013). Photoinduced Electron-Transfer Mechanisms for Radical-Enhanced Photodynamic Therapy Mediated by Water-Soluble Decacationic C70 and C84O2 Fullerene Derivatives. Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine,9(4) 570-579.
  • Wang, M., Maragani, S., Huang, L., Jeon, S., Canteenwala, T., Hamblin, M.R., Chiang, L.Y. (2013). Synthesis of Decacationic [60]Fullerene Decaiodides Giving Photoinduced Production of Superoxide Radicals and Effective Pdt-Mediation on Antimicrobial Photoinactivation. European journal of medicinal chemistry,63 170-184.
  • Yan, L., Wang, M., Raju, N.P., Epstein, A., Tan, L.S., Urbas, A., Chiang, L.Y., Hu, B. (2012). Magnetocurrent of Charge-Polarizable C 60-Diphenylaminofluorene Monoadduct-Derived Magnetic Nanocomposites. Journal of the American Chemical Society,134(7) 3549-3554.
  • Thota, S., Wang, M., Jeon, S., Maragani, S., Hamblin, M.R., Chiang, L.Y. (2012). Synthesis and Characterization of Positively Charged Pentacationic [60]Fullerene Monoadducts for Antimicrobial Photodynamic Inactivation. Molecules,17(5) 5225-5243.
  • Wang, M., Huang, L., Sharma, S.K., Jeon, S., Thota, S., Sperandio, F.F., Nayka, S., Chang, J., Hamblin, M.R., Chiang, L.Y. (2012). Synthesis and Photodynamic Effect of New Highly Photostable Decacationically Armed [60]- and [70]Fullerene Decaiodide Monoadducts to Target Pathogenic Bacteria and Cancer Cells. Journal of medicinal chemistry,55(9) 4274-4285.
  • Wang, M., Nalla, V., Jeon, S., Mamidala, V., Ji, W., Tan, L.S., Cooper, T., Chiang, L.Y. (2011). Large Femtosecond Two-Photon Absorption Cross Sections of Fullerosome Vesicle Nanostructures Derived from a Highly Photoresponsive Amphiphilic C 60-Light-Harvesting Fluorene Dyad. Journal of Physical Chemistry C,115(38) 18552-18559.
  • Sharma, S.K., Chiang, L.Y., Hamblin, M.R. (2011). Photodynamic Therapy with Fullerenes in Vivo: Reality or a Dream? Nanomedicine,6(10) 1813-1825.
  • Jeon, S.H., Xu, P., Zhang, B., MacK, N.H., Tsai, H., Chiang, L.Y., Wang, H.L. (2011). Polymer-Assisted Preparation of Metal Nanoparticles with Controlled Size and Morphology. Journal of Materials Chemistry,21(8) 2550-2554.
  • Popov, A.A., Jeon, S., Senyavin, V.M., Dunsch, L., Maragani, S., Wang, M., Tan, L.S., Chiang, L.Y. (2011). Unique Ultralow 18 -Trannulenyl HOMO-LUMO Energy Gap of Photostable Emerald-Green D 3d-2-Methylmalonato[60]Fullerenes. Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters,2(18) 2296-2299.
  • Chiang, L.Y., Padmawar, P.A., Rogers-Haley, J.E., So, G., Canteenwala, T., Thota, S., Tan, L.S., Pritzker, K., Huang, Y.Y., Sharma, S.K., Kurup, D.B., Hamblin, M.R., Wilson, B., Urbas, A. (2010). Synthesis and Characterization of Highly Photoresponsive Fullerenyl Dyads with a Close Chromophore Antenna-c60 Contact and Effective Photodynamic Potential. Journal of Materials Chemistry,20(25) 5280-5293.
  • Kokubo, K., Arastoo, R.S., Oshima, T., Wang, C.C., Gao, Y., Wang, H.L., Geng, H., Chiang, L.Y. (2010). Synthesis and Regiochemistry of [60]Fullerenyl 2-Methylmalonate Bisadducts and Their Facile Electron-Accepting Properties. Journal of Organic Chemistry,75(13) 4574-4583.
  • Thota, S., Jeon, S., Wang, M., Chiang, L.Y. (2010). Synthesis of Cationic Dumbbell-Shaped Fullerene Nanostructures as Potential Photodynamic Sensitizers. Journal of Macromolecular Science, Part A: Pure and Applied Chemistry,47(12) 1184-1190.
  • Chiang, L.Y., Anandakathir, R., Hauck, T.S., Lee, L., Canteenwala, T., Padmawar, P.A., Pritzker, K., Bruno, F.F., Samuelson, L.A. (2010). Synthesis of Covalently Attached Hexadecaanilines on Carbon Nanotubes: Toward Electronic Nanocarbon Preparation. Nanoscale,2(4) 535-541.
  • Jeon, S.H., Xu, P., MacK, N.H., Chiang, L.Y., Brown, L., Wang, H.L. (2010). Understanding and Controlled Growth of Silver Nanoparticles Using Oxidized N-Methyl-Pyrrolidone as a Reducing Agent. Journal of Physical Chemistry C,114(1) 36-40.
  • Wang, W.J., Chiu, H.S., Chang, C.S., Chiang, L.Y. (2009). Electrochemistry of Nitrated Fullerene Derivatives. Diamond and Related Materials,18(2-3) 469-471.
  • Kokubo, K., Thota, S., Wang, H.L., Chiang, L.Y. (2009). Structural Analysis of Novel [60]Fullerene Bisadduct Regioisomers by DFT Calculation. Journal of Macromolecular Science, Part A: Pure and Applied Chemistry,46(12) 1176-1181.
  • Thota, S., Kokubo, K., Tan, L.S., Chiang, L.Y. (2009). Synthesis of Highly Luminescent Tris-Fluorenyl Chromophores as Intermediates of Potential Nonlinear Photonic Materials. Journal of Macromolecular Science, Part A: Pure and Applied Chemistry,46(12) 1165-1171.
  • Elim, H.I., Jeon, S.H., Verma, S., Ji, W., Tan, L.S., Urbas, A., Chiang, L.Y. (2008). Nonlinear Optical Transmission Properties of C60 Dyads Consisting of a Light-Harvesting Diphenylaminofluorene Antenna. Journal of Physical Chemistry B,112(32) 9561-9564.
  • Vincent Lau, K.H., Anandakathir, R., Pritzker, K., Chiang, L.Y. (2008). Solvent and Concentration-Dependent Aggregation Study of C60 Dyads and Multiads on Nonlinear Photonic Properties. Journal of Macromolecular Science, Part A: Pure and Applied Chemistry,45(11) 893-899.
  • Jeon, S., So, G., Anandakathir, R., Canteenwala, T., Tan, L.S., Pritzker, K., Chiang, L.Y. (2008). Synthesis and Characterization of C60 Dyads with Highly Photoactive Dicyanoethylenylated Diphenylaminofluorene Chromophore Antenna. Journal of Macromolecular Science, Part A: Pure and Applied Chemistry,45(11) 918-925.
  • Jeon, S.H., Anandakathir, R., Chiang, J., Chiang, L.Y. (2007). Alternative Synthesis of C60-Diphenylaminofluorene Derivatives for Nonlinear Photonic Applications: Method of Preparation and Characterization. Journal of Macromolecular Science, Part A: Pure and Applied Chemistry,44(12) 1275-1282.
  • Elim, H.I., Anandakathir, R., Jakubiak, R., Chiang, L.Y., Ji, W., Tan, L.S. (2007). Large Concentration-Dependent Nonlinear Optical Responses of Starburst Diphenylaminofluorenocarbonyl Methano[60]Fullerene Pentads. Journal of Materials Chemistry,17(18) 1826-1838.
  • El-Khouly, M.E., Anandakathir, R., Ito, O., Chiang, L.Y. (2007). Prolonged Charge-Separated States of Starburst Tetra(Diphenylaminofluoreno) [60]Fullerene Adducts upon Photoexcitation. Journal of Physical Chemistry A,111(30) 6938-6944.
  • Anandakathir, R., Tan, L.S., Chiang, L.Y. (2007). Starburst Encapsulation of C60 by Multiple Hindered Two-Photon Absorptive Diphenylaminodialkylfluorene Arms. Journal of Macromolecular Science, Part A: Pure and Applied Chemistry,44(12) 1265-1273.
  • So, G., Karotki, A., Verma, S., Pritzker, K., Wilson, B., Chiang, L.Y. (2006). Comparison of Singlet Oxygen Generation Efficiency Between Water-Soluble C 60-Diphenylaminofluorene Conjugates and Molecular Micelle-Like Fc 4s. Journal of Macromolecular Science, Part A: Pure and Applied Chemistry,43(12) 1955-1963.
  • Padmawar, P.A., Rogers, J.E., He, G.S., Chiang, L.Y., Tan, L.S., Canteenwala, T., Zheng, Q., Slagle, J.E., McLean, D.G., Fleitz, P.A., Prasad, P.N. (2006). Large Cross-Section Enhancement and Intramolecular Energy Transfer upon Multiphoton Absorption of Hindered Diphenylaminofluorene-C 60 Dyads and Triads. Chemistry of Materials,18(17) 4065-4074.
  • Canteenwala, T., Li, W., Wang, H.L., Chiang, L.Y. (2006). Low Multielectron Reduction Potentials of Emerald Green [60]Fullerenes. Chemistry Letters,35(7) 762-763.
  • Ei-Khouly, M.E., Padmawar, P., Araki, Y., Verma, S., Chiang, L.Y., Ito, O. (2006). Photoinduced Processes in a Tricomponent Molecule Consisting of Diphenylaminofluorene-Dicyanoethylene-Methano[60]Fullerene. Journal of Physical Chemistry A,110(3) 884-891.
  • Anandakathir, R., Canteenwala, T., Wang, H.L., Chiang, L.Y. (2006). Synthesis and Characterization of Hexadecaaniline-Grafted Comb-Like Poly(Maleic Acid-Alt-1-Octadecene). Journal of Macromolecular Science, Part A: Pure and Applied Chemistry,43(12) 1945-1954.
  • Tang, Z., Padmawar, P.A., Canteenwala, T., Gao, Y., Watkins, E., Majewski, J., Chiang, L.Y., Wang, H.L. (2006). Synthesis and Characterization of Monolayers and Langmuir - Blodgett Films of an Amphiphilic Oligo(Ethylene Glycol)-c6o-Hexadecaaniline Conjugate. Langmuir,22(12) 5366-5373.
  • Padmawar, P.A., Canteenwala, T., Verma, S., Tan, L.S., Chiang, L.Y. (2006). Synthesis and Characterization of Photoresponsive Diphenylaminofluorene Chromophore Adducts of [60]Fullerene. Journal of Materials Chemistry,16(14) 1366-1378.
  • El-Khouly, M.E., Canteenwala, T., Araki, Y., Ito, O., Chiang, L.Y. (2006). Unusual Photophysical Properties of Emerald Green [60]Fullerene. Chemistry Letters,35(7) 710-711.
  • Yu, C., Canteenwala, T., El-Khouly, M.E., Araki, Y., Pritzker, K., Ito, O., Wilson, B.C., Chiang, L.Y. (2005). Efficiency of Singlet Oxygen Production from Self-Assembled Nanospheres of Molecular Micelle-Like Photosensitizers FC4S. Journal of Materials Chemistry,15(18) 1857-1864.
  • Canteenwala, T., Padmawar, P.A., Chiang, L.Y. (2005). Intense Near-Infrared Optical Absorbing Emerald Green [60]Fullerenes. Journal of the American Chemical Society,127(1) 26-27.
  • Yu, C., Canteenwala, T., Chiang, L.Y., Wilson, B., Pritzker, K. (2005). Photodynamic Effect of Hydrophilic C60-Derived Nanostructures for Catalytic Antitumoral Antibacterial Applications. Synthetic Metals,153(1-3) 37-40.
  • Canteenwala, T., Padmawar, P.A., Patil, S., Haldar, M., Chiang, L.Y. (2005). Preparation of Conducting Core-Shell Nanoparticles Based on Dendritic Hexadecaaniline-C60-Poly(Dimethylsiloxane) Conjugates. Synthetic Metals,154(1-3) 5-8.
  • Verma, S., Hauck, T., El-Khouly, M.E., Padmawar, P.A., Canteenwala, T., Pritzker, K., Ito, O., Chiang, L.Y. (2005). Self-Assembled Photoresponsive Amphiphilic Diphenylaminofluorene-C 60 Conjugate Vesicles in Aqueous Solution. Langmuir,21(8) 3267-3272.
  • Padmawar, P.A., Canteenwala, T., Verma, S., Tan, L.S., He, G.S., Prasad, P.N., Chiang, L.Y. (2005). Synthesis of C60-Diphenylaminofluorene Dyads with Two-Photon Absorbing Characteristics. Synthetic Metals,154(1-3) 185-188.
  • Verma, S., Padmawar, P.A., Hauck, T., Canteenwala, T., Chiang, L.Y., Pritzker, K.P. (2005). Synthesis of Water-Soluble Highly Two-Photon Responsive [60]Fullerene-Diphenylaminofluorene Chromophore Dyads. Journal of Macromolecular Science - Pure and Applied Chemistry,42 A(11) 1497-1505.
  • Lin, T.L., Jeng, U., Tsao, C.S., Liu, W.J., Canteenwala, T., Chiang, L.Y. (2004). Effect of Arm Length on the Aggregation Structure of Fullerene-Based Star Ionomers. Journal of Physical Chemistry B,108(39) 14884-14888.
  • Zhai, R.S., Das, A., Hsu, C.K., Han, C.C., Canteenwala, T., Chiang, L.Y., Chuang, T.J. (2004). Polymeric Fullerene Oxide Films Produced by Decomposition of Hexanitro[60]Fullerene. Carbon,42(2) 395-403.
  • Konishi, T., Fujitsuka, M., Luo, H., Araki, Y., Ito, O., Chiang, L.Y. (2003). Energy Transfer from Photoexcited State of Water Soluble Hexa(Sulfobutyl)Fullerene (C60((CH2)4SO3Na)6). Fullerenes Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures,11(3) 237-243.
  • Slanina, Z., Uhlk, F., Chiang, L.Y., Adamowicz, L. (2003). Erratum: Structure of Hexa-Sulfobutyl Fullerenes - a Computational Study (Fullerenes, Nanotubes, and Carbon Nanostructures (2002) 10:4 (363-372)). Fullerenes Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures,11(2) 187.
  • Luo, H., Fujitsuka, M., Araki, Y., Ito, O., Padmawar, P., Chiang, L.Y. (2003). Inter- and Intramolecular Photoinduced Electron-Transfer Processes Between C60 and Diphenylaminofluorene in Solutions. Journal of Physical Chemistry B,107(35) 9312-9318.
  • Durstock, M.F., Spry, R.J., Baur, J.W., Taylor, B.E., Chiang, L.Y. (2003). Investigation of Electrostatic Self-Assembly as a Means to Fabricate and Interfacially Modify Polymer-Based Photovoltaic Devices. Journal of Applied Physics,94(5) 3253-3259.
  • Jeng, U., Lin, T.L., Shin, K., Hsu, C.H., Lee, H.Y., Wu, M.H., Chi, Z.A., Shih, M.C., Chiang, L.Y. (2003). Lipophilic C60-Derivative-Induced Structural Changes in Phospholipid Layers. Physica B: Condensed Matter,336(1-2) 204-210.
  • Zhai, R.S., Das, A., Han, C.C., Canteenwala, T., Chiang, L.Y., Chuang, T.J. (2003). Stable Poly(Fullerene Oxide) Thin Films Derived from Hexanitro[60]Fullerene. Journal of Materials Chemistry,13(2) 167-169.
  • Canteenwala, T., Patil, S., Halder, M., Chiang, L.Y. (2003). Synthesis of Elastic Core-Shell Conductive Submicron to Nanoparticles of Penta(Oligoanilinated) C60. Synthetic Metals,135-136 795-797.
  • Canteenwala, T., Patil, S.V., Haldar, M., Padmawar, P.A., Verma, S., Chiang, L.Y. (2003). Synthesis of Starburst Oligoanilino[60]fullerene and Poly(Dimethylsiloxane) Triblock Copolymers. Journal of Macromolecular Science - Pure and Applied Chemistry,40 A(12) 1263-1273.
  • Shiea, J., Huang, J.P., Teng, C.F., Jeng, J., Wang, L.Y., Chiang, L.Y. (2003). Use of a Water-Soluble Fullerene Derivative as Precipitating Reagent and Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Matrix to Selectively Detect Charged Species in Aqueous Solutions. Analytical Chemistry,75(14) 3587-3595.
  • Shiea, J., Huang, J.P., Teng, C.F., Jeng, J., Wang, L.Y., Chiang, L.Y. (2003). Use of a Water-Soluble Fullerene Derivative as Precipitating Reagent and Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Matrix to Selectively Detect Charged Species in Aqueous Solutions. Analytical Chemistry,75(14) 3255-3263.
  • Huang, S.S., Mashino, T., Mochizuki, M., Chiang, L.Y., Chih, L.H., Hsieh, H.M., Teng, C.M., Okuda, K., Hirota, T., Tsai, M.C. (2002). Effect of Hexasulfobutylated C60 on the Isolated Aortic Ring of Guinea Pig. Pharmacology,64(2) 91-97.
  • Canteenwala, T., Anantharaj, V., Patil, S.V., Halder, M., Chiang, L.Y. (2002). Intramolecular Electron-Transfer of C60-Oligoaniline Leucoemeraldine Conjugates upon Photoactivation. Journal of Macromolecular Science - Pure and Applied Chemistry,39 A(10) 1069-1083.
  • Jeng, U., Lin, T.L., Liu, W.J., Tsao, C.S., Canteenwala, T., Chiang, L.Y., Sung, L.P., Han, C.C. (2002). SANS and SAXS Study on Aqueous Mixtures of Fullerene-Based Star Ionomers and Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications,304(1-2) 191-201.
  • Jeng, U.S., Lin, T.L., Wang, L.Y., Chiang, L.Y., Ho, D.L., Han, C.C. (2002). SANS Structural Characterization of Fullerenol-Derived Star Polymers in Solutions. Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing,74(SUPPL.I) 0-0.
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  • Ocko, B.M., Pershan, P.S., Safinya, C.R., Chiang, L.Y. (1987). Incommensurate Smectic Order at the Free Surface in the Nematic Phase of 4-n-Heptylphenyl-4'-(4''-nitrobenzoyloxy)benzoate (DB7NO2). Phys. Rev. A,35 1868.
  • Chiang, L.Y. (1987). Novel Highly Intrinsic Conducting Organic Polymer Films Derived from the Vapor-phase Thermolysis of Polyquinoline. J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun.,304.
  • Chiang, L.Y. (1987). Novel Organic Polymer Films with High Intrinsic Conductivity Derived from the Vapour-Phase Thermolysis of Polyquinoline. Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications, (4) 304-305.
  • Chiang, L.Y., Johnston, D.C., Stokes, J.P., Bloch, A.N. (1987). Synthesis and Study of Multiple Cationic Salts of Hexamethoxytriphenylene (HMTP). Synthetic Metals,19(1-3) 697-702.
  • Safinya, R., Chiang, L.Y. (1987). The Nematic and Smectic-A1 Phases in DB7NO2: High Resolution X-ray Study and Synthesis. Incommesurate Crystals, Liquid Crystals, and Quasi-crystals,, 271-281.
  • Kwak, J.F., Schirber, J.E., chaikin, P.M., Williams, J.M., Wang, H.H., Chiang, L.Y. (1986). (TMTSF)2PF6: Evidence for a Unified Phase Diagram. Physica (Amsterdam),143B 397.
  • Chiang, L.Y., Chianelli, R.R. (1986). Catalytic Dehydrogenative Polymerization of Tetrahydroquinoline. A Novel Synthesis of Polyquinoline. Proc. Polym. Mat. Sci. & Eng.,55(473).
  • Chaikin, P.M., Brooks, J.S., Chamberlin, R.V., Chiang, L.Y., Goshorn, D.P., Johnston, D.C., Naughton, M.J., Yan, X. (1986). Magnetic Field Induced Phases of (TMTSF)2ClO4. Physica,143B 383.
  • Brooks, J.S., Naighton, M.J., Chamberlin, R.V., Chiang, L.Y., Chaikin, P.M. (1986). Magnetization Studies of the Field-Induced Transitions in (TMTSF)2ClO4. J. Mag. & Mag. Mat.,57(637).
  • Chiang, L.Y., Chianelli, R.R. (1986). Novel Catalytic Dehydrogenative Polymerization for Polyquinoline Synthesis. Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications, (19) 1461-1462.
  • Chaikin, P.M., Mele, E.J., Chiang, L.Y., Chamberlin, R.V., Naughton, M.J., Brooks, J.S. (1986). On the Kwak Transition: Field-Induced States in Two-dimensional Organic Conductors. Synthetic Metals,13 45.
  • Kwak, J.F., Schirber, J.E., Chaikin, P.M., Williams, J.M., Wang, H.H., Chiang, L.Y. (1986). Spin-Density-Wave Transitions in a Magnetic Field. Phys. Rev. Letters,56 972.
  • Safinya, C.R., Varady, W.A., Chiang, L.Y., Dimon, P. (1986). X-ray Study of the Nematic Phase and Smectic-A1 to Smectic-A Antiphase Transition in DB7NO2. Phys. Rev. Letters,57 432.
  • Chiang, L.Y., Stokes, J., Safinya, C., Bloch, A.N. (1985). Charge Transfer Salts of Highly Oriented Fibers of Discotic Liquid Crystal HET-n, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 125 279.
  • Javadi, H.H., Sridhar, S., Gruner, G., Chiang, L.Y., Wudl, F. (1985). Giant Conductivity Resonance in the Spin-Density-Wave State of an Organic Conductor. Phys. Rev. Letters,55 1216.
  • Chiang, L.Y., Safinya, C.R., Clark, N.A., Liang, K.S., Bloch, A.N. (1985). Highly Oriented Fibres of Discotic Liquid Crystals. Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications, (11) 695-696.
  • Naughton, M.J., Brooks, J.S., Chiang, L.Y., Chamberlin, R.V., Chaikin, P.M. (1985). Magnetization Study of the Field-Induced Transitions in Tetramethyltetraselenafulvalenium Perchlorate, (TMTSF)2ClO4. Phys. Rev. Letters,55 969.
  • Safinya, C.R., Clark, N.A., Liang, K.S., Varady, W.A., Chiang, L.Y. (1985). Synchrotron X-ray Scattering Study of Freely Suspended Discotic Strands, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 123 205.
  • Cowan, D., Mays, M., Lee, M., McCullough, R., Bailey, A., Lerstrup, K., Wiygul, F., Kistenmacher, T., Poehler, T., Chiang, L.Y. (1985). Tellurium Containing Organic Metals, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 125 191.
  • Huang, C.C., Lien, S.C., Dumrongrattana, D., Chiang, L.Y. (1984). Calorimetric Studies Near the Smectic-A1-Smectic-A' Phase Transition of a Liquid Crystal Compound. 30 965.
  • Chiang, L.Y., Shu, P., Holt, D., Cowan, D. (1983). Chemistry en route to 2,2 -bithieno[3,4-d]-1,3-dithiole (DTTTF) and its selenium analogue. Journal of Organic Chemistry,48(24) 4713-4717.
  • Cowan, D.O., Kini, A., Chiang, L.Y., Lerstrup, K., Poehler, T.O., Bloch, A.N. (1982). The Design, Synthesis and Characterization of the Molecular Components of Organic Conductors, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.
  • Kistenmacher, T.J., Emge, T.J., Wiygul, F.M., Bryden, W.A., Chappell, J.S., Stokes, J.P., Chiang, L.Y., Cowan, D.O., Bloch, A.N. (1981). DBTTF-TCNQ: A Mixed-Valent Organic Charge Transfer Complex with a Mixed Stack Crystalline Motif. Solid State Commun.,39 415.
  • Chiang, L.Y., Meinwald, J. (1981). eri-Bridged Naphthalenes, 5. Improved Synthesis of 1-Thiaphenalene. J. Org. Chem,46 4060.
  • Gubser, D.U., Fuller, W.W., Poehler, T.O., Cowan, D.O., Lee, M., Potember, R.S., Chiang, L.Y. (1981). Resistance Determination of Critical Magnetic Fields of Superconducting (TMTSF)2ClO4. Physica B&C,108 1185.
  • Shu, P., Chiang, L.Y., Emge, T., Holt, D., Kistenmacher, T., Poehler, T., Bloch, A., Stokes, J., Lee, M., Cowan, D. (1981). Synthesis of 2,2'-Bithieno[3,4-d]-1,3-dithiole (DTTTF) and Some of Its Charge Transfer Salts. J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 920.
  • Chiang, L.Y., Cowan, D.O., Poehler, T.O., Bloch, A.N. (1981). Synthesis of Substituted Tetraselenafulvalenes from Dimethylphosgene Iminium Chloride. Molecular crystals and liquid crystals,86(1-4) 27-34.
  • Chiang, L.Y., Poehler, T.O., Bloch, A.N., Cowan, D.O. (1980). A Modified Synthesis of Tetraselenafulvalenes. Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications, (18) 866-867.
  • Chiang, L.Y., Meinwald, J. (1980). Peri-Bridged Naphthalenes, 4. Chalcogen-Bridged Acenaphthylenes. Tetrahedron Letters,21 4565.
  • Chiang, L.Y., Chiang, J.F., Lu, K. (1980). The Molecular Structure of Monosubstituted Chlorocyclohexene by Gas Phase Electron Diffraction. J. Molecular Structure, (64) 229.
  • Chiang, L.Y., Chiang, J.F., Lu, K., Sung, E., Harmony, M. (1977). The Molecular Structure of Norbornene as Determined by Electron Diffraction and Microwave Spectroscopy. J. Molecular Structure,41 67.
  • Chiang, L.Y., Chiang, J.F., Kratus, M. (1975). The Average Structure of 2,3-Diazabicyclo[2,2,1]hept-2-ene and 2,3-Diazabicyclo[2,2,2]oct-2-ene. Molecular Structure,26 175.

Selected Presentations

  • Design, Synthesis, and Electrochemical Characteristics of Highly Near-Infrared Absorbing Emerald Green 60Fullerene Acceptors, International Conference on Science and Technology of Synthetic Metals (ICSM 2006), Dublin, Irland, July 3Ð7, 2006. - International Conference on Science and Technology of Synthetic Metals (ICSM,
  • Ultrafast Two-Photon Absorption Based Energy-Transfer of Fullerosome Vesicle Nanostructures for Nonlinear Photonic Applications - The 221st ECS Meeting, May 2012 - Seattle, Washington
  • Ultrafast Photoresponsive Fullerenyl Nanostructures for Broadband Nonlinear Photonic Material Applications - AFRL NLO workshop, April 2011 - Dayton, Ohio
  • Design and Synthesis of Ultrafast Photoresponsive, Multiphoton Absorptive Hybrid Fullerene-Fluorene Chromophores for Broadband Nonlinear Photonic Applications - AFOSR Organic Chemistry Program Review Meeting, September 2010 - National Harbor, Virginia
  • Synthesis and Photoinduced Characteristics of Emerald Green Fullerene and C60-(antenna) Nanostructures as Molecular Basis of Metamaterials, Metamaterial Workshop - CeRM ACS Regional Meeting, June 2010 - Dayton, Ohio
  • Design and Synthesis of Large Area Coating or Inkjet Printing Processable Fullerenyl Nanostructures as the Base of Molecular Optical Metamaterials - Triservice MetaMaterial Review Meeting, May 2010 - Virginia Beach
  • Design and Synthesis of Highly Photoresponsive Starburst Fullerenyl Nanostructures for Nanolinear Photonic Applications - Department of Chemistry Seminar, December 2009 - University of Massachusetts Dartmouth
  • Ultrafast Photoinduced Charge Generation Responses Toward the Design of Molecular Optical Metamaterials - Air Force Research Laboratory Review Meeting, October 2009 - Dayton, Ohio
  • Design of Nonlinear Biophotonic C60-based Nanostructures as Photodynamic Therapeutic Agents - Electrochemical Society Meeting, May 2009 - San Francisco, California
  • Design and Synthesis of Highly Photoresponsive Starburst Fullerenyl Nanostructures - Air Force Research Laboratory, April 2009 - Dayton, Ohio
  • Ultrafast Intramolecular Nonlinear and Linear Photoresponses of Starburst C60-Antenna Nanostructures - AFOSR Review Meeting, May 2008 - College Park, Maryland
  • Potential Utilization of Ultrafast Charge Generation of C60(>DPAF-Cn)x Nanomaterials for Photovoltaics Application - Sin-Ao Energy Group, March 2008 - Beijing, China
  • Synthesis and Characterization of C60 Dyads with Highly Photoactive Dicyanoethylenylated Diphenylaminofluorene Chromophore Antenna - Tripathy Memorial Symposium, November 2007 - Lowell, Massachusetts
  • Starburst Fullerenyl Chromophores Exhibiting Highly Efficient Nonlinear Optical Responses - Air Force Research Laboratory, June 2007 - Dayton, Ohio
  • Design of Starburst Brushes on Photoresponsive Nanostructures Using C60 Cage as a Molecular Core or Dendritic Anchor - R&D and Materials Science, Dow Chemicals, May 2007 - Freeport, Texas
  • Synthesis and Electrochemical Characteristics of Highly Near-Infrared Absorbing Emerald Green 60Fullerenes - Symposium of Molecular and Supramolecular Chemistry of Fullerenes and Carbon Nanotube, May 2007 - Chicago, Illinois
  • Synthesis and Characterization of Single-point Substituted Fullerene Bisadduct: C60CMe(CO2Et)22 - Division of Colloid & Surface Chemistry, The 233rd ACS National Meeting, March 2007 - Chicago, Illinois
  • Synthesis and Characterization of Starburst Diphenylaminofluorene-Derived Fullerene Tetraadducts - Tripathy Memorial Symposium, December 2006 - Lowell, Massachusetts
  • Sterically Hindered Diphenylaminofluorene-C60 Dyads and Triads: Synthesis, Multiphoton Absorption and Energy-Transfer Studies - International Conference on Science and Technology of Synthetic Metals (ICSM 2006), July 2006 - Dublin, Ireland
  • Design, Synthesis, and Electrochemical Characteristics of Highly Near-Infrared Absorbing Emerald Green 60Fullerene Acceptors - International Conference on Science and Technology of Synthetic Metals (ICSM), July 2006 - Dublin, Irland

Selected Intellectual Property

  • Patent - "Synthesis of Sulfated Fullerenes,"
  • Patent - "E-isomeric Fullerene Derivatives," 09/521,025 United States
  • Patent - "Multioligoanilinated Fullerenes," 6,452,037 United States
  • Patent - "Fullerene Derivatives as Free-Radical Scavengers, R.O.C," 0495-2403-E
  • Patent - "Polyorganofullerenes," 6,046,361 Patent Cooperation Treaty
  • Patent - "Fullerene-containing Metallocene," 6,002,035 United States
  • Patent - "Therapeutic Use of Water-soluble Fullerene Derivatives," 5,994,410 United States
  • Patent - "Fullerene Derivatives as Free-Radical Scavengers," 5,648,523 United States
  • Patent - "Fullerene Polymers," 5,635,581 United States
  • Patent - "Polysubstituted Fullerenes and their Preparation (C-2608)," 5,416,188 United States
  • Patent - "Formation of Polysubstituted Fullerenes," 5,177,248 United States
  • Patent - "Corrosion Inhibitor Composition,"
  • Patent - "Highly Conducting Organic Polymer Thin Film Coatings," 5,151,478 United States
  • Patent - "Oligoquinolinium Metal Oxide Salts as Sulfur Corrosion Inhibitors," 5,158,693 United States
  • Patent - "Polysubstituted Fullerenes and their Preparation,"
  • Patent - "Quaternary Oligoquinolinium Metal Oxide Salts as Sulfur Corrosion Inhibitors,"
  • Patent - "Quaternary Salts of Polymers Having Repeating Quinoxaline Moieties," 5,175,221 United States
  • Patent - "Synthesis of Quinoline and Substituted Quinoline Copolymers," United States
  • Patent - "Synthesis of Sulfated Fullerenes,"
  • Patent - Chiang, L.Y., Swirczewski, J.W."Synthesis of Quinoline and Substituted Quinoline Copolymers," Patent 5,162,495 United States
  • Patent - "Method for Polymering Aromatic Heterocyclic Compounds," United States
  • Patent - "New Polyquinoxaline Compositions and the Method of Preparation," 5,149,773 United States
  • Patent - "Polyquinoxaline Compositions and their Method of Preparation,"
  • Patent - Chiang, L.Y., Swirczewski, J.W., Chianelli, R.R."Method for Polymering Aromatic Heterocyclic Compounds," Patent 4,981,949 United States
  • Patent - "Organic Nitrogen-containing Metal Sulfide Compositions Their Preparation and Use," 4,971,938 United States
  • Patent - "Quinoline and Substituted Quinoline Copolymers,"
  • Patent - Chiang, L.Y., Swirczewski, J.W., Chianelli, R.R."Organic Nitrogen-containing Metal Sulfide Compositions, Their Preparation and Use," Patent 4,971,938 United States
  • Patent - "Polyquinolines by the Catalytic Dehydrogenative Polymerization of Tetrahydroquinoline," 590120
  • Patent - "Quaternary Quinolinium Compounds," 89301068
  • Patent - "Quaternary Salts of Quinoline Oligomer as Metal Surface Protective Materials," 4,880,907 United States
  • Patent - "Strongly Magnetic Organic Solid State Composition of Matter," 4,803,006 United States
  • Patent - "Synthesis of Novel Highly Intrinsic Conducting Organic Polymers," 4,833,232 United States
  • Patent - Chiang, L.Y."Quaternary Salts of Quinoline Oligomer as Metal Surface Protective Materials," Patent 4,880,907 United States
  • Patent - Chiang, L.Y."Synthesis of Novel Highly Intrinsic Conducting Organic Polymers," Patent 4,833,232 United States
  • Patent - Chiang, L.Y., Bloch, A.N."Strongly Magnetic Organic Solid State Composition of Matter," Patent 4,803,006 United States
  • Patent - "Synthesis of Polyquinoline by the Catalytic Dehydrogenative Polymerization of Tetrahydroquinoline," United States

Selected Contracts, Fellowships, Grants and Sponsored Research

  • Design and Fabrication of Ultrafast Charge-Generating Photonic Fullerosome Nanove (2009), Grant -
    Chiang, L.Y. (Principal)
  • Ultrafast Photoresponsive Starburst and Dendritic Fullerenyl Nanostructures for B (2009), Grant -
    Chiang, L.Y. (Principal)
  • Measurement of Microwave-Frequency Responsive Fullerenyl Dielectric Metamaterials (2013), - AIR FORCE RESEARCH LABORATORY
    Chiang, L.Y. (Co-Principal)
  • New Stereoregular Functionalized Fullerenes as Nanomedicines for PDT (2009), Grant -
    Chiang, L.Y. (Principal)
  • Measurement of Microwave-Frequency Responsive Fullerenyl Dielectric Metamaterials (2011), - AIR FORCE RESEARCH LABORATORY
    Chiang, L.Y. (Co-Principal)
  • AFX-C60 Molecular Systems for NLO Applications (2009), - AIR FORCE RESEARCH LABORATORY
    Chiang, L.Y. (Principal)
  • Synthesis of Two-photon Absorption Chromophore as Bis (C60-DFAF-Cn) Nanostructure (2008), Grant -
    Chiang, L.Y. (Principal)