The Carework Network is organizing a second three-day conference to bring together carework researchers from across disciplines and across the globe.
The Carework Network is an international organization of scholars and advocates who focus on the caring work of individuals, families, communities, paid caregivers, social service agencies and state bureaucracies. Care needs are shifting globally with changing demographics, disability movements, and climate change driven environmental crises. Our mission is to address critical issues related to carework, such as how identities influence carework; how inequality structures carework; how caring work is recognized and compensated; how state policies influence the distribution of care; working conditions of care; and whether and to what extent citizens have a right to receive, and a right to provide, care. Scholars and advocates working on issues related to elder care, child care, health care, social work, education, political theory of care, social reproduction, work/family, disability studies, careworker health and safety, and related issues are encouraged to submit proposals.
Register Online For The 2019 Global Carework Summit
Learn about the first Global Carework Summit held in 2017.
Please click on the tabs below for program information for each day.
Keynote Panel: Global policy and the care economy: A discussion of the International Labour Organization report on Care Work and the Future of Decent Work
The opening reception and panel will be free and open to invited members of the community, including members of the University of Toronto, community members, activists, union groups, and policy groups.
(8:30-9:45 a.m.) Concurrent Sessions
1.1. Paper Session: Understanding Paid Care Jobs
1.2 Paper Session: Technology and Care
1.3 Panel Session: Relationships of Care: Transnational and Intergenerational Exchanges
Carework is performed and received beyond and between, within and across, generations as well as borders. Increased immigration, longevity, and the emergence of transnationally mobile seniors and their families have resulted in more multigenerational households. As family caregiving becomes intergenerational, carers throughout the lifecourse, face unique challenges. In this session we seek to explore these care relationships from an intersectional and transnational perspective by inviting papers which may include, but are not limited to, the work of young carers, adult carers, seniors caring for seniors, seniors caring for children and grandchildren, implications of intergenerational relationships, access to respite services and caring from afar.
1.4. Roundtable Session: Challenges of caring with and for family members
1.5. Roundtable Session: Decent work and care
(10- 11:15 a.m.) Concurrent Sessions and Book Panel
2.1 Book Panel
What happens to black health care professionals in the new economy, where work is insecure and resources are scarce? In Flatlining, Adia Harvey Wingfield exposes how organizations serving communities of color participate in “racial outsourcing,” heavily relying on black doctors, nurses, technicians, and physician assistants to pick up the slack and perform “equity work”—labor that varies by gender and helps organizations to be accessible to minority communities. At the intersection of work, race, gender, and class, Wingfield makes plain the harrowing challenges that black employees must overcome and reveals the complicated issues of inequality in today’s workplaces and communities.
2.2 Paper Session: Men, Masculinities and Care
2.3 Panel Session: Care Work & Moral Theory
2.4. Paper Session: Devaluation in Paid Care
(11:30 a.m. – 12:45 p.m.) Concurrent Sessions
3.1 Paper Session: Intersections of Migration and Care Policy
3.2 Paper Session: Autonomy, Agency and Care
3.3 Panel Session: Regulating Careworker Migration: Immigration Controls in Sending and Receiving Countries.
3.4 Paper Session: Working Conditions for Paid Care Workers
(12:45 – 2 p.m.) Lunch Hart House, Great room
Concurrent activist and practitioner workshops.
4.1 Workshop: Hidden- the Young Carers of Ontario: Learning about the experiences of young carers
This workshop will explore what happens when formal paid care in families is insufficient or not provided and how children can become “young carers.” Everyday significant numbers of children take on varying caregiving roles involving different levels of care and support. These “young carers” are providing support for family members who are ill, disabled, or experiencing mental illness or addiction. Helping out in the family can be an experience with ample opportunity for positive growth and development. However, for some children the caregiving can impact their emotional and physical wellbeing, their educational achievements and limit opportunities.
The workshop team will draw directly from Canadian Young Carer’s life stories, national and international research, and front line experience to share the following information with participants:
In addition to the workshop, Hospice Toronto will share photos and stories from the 2019 “Hidden” exhibition.
With photographs from award winning photographer Max Alexander, this exhibition brings to light the experiences of Young Carers across Ontario and tells the story of their hidden lives. Hidden shows the challenges that young carers face and the personal cost of their caregiving responsibilities.
4.2 Workshop: Culture Change: How to Use the Media to Share Research and Influence the Carework Conversation.
As the critical disconnect between our caregiving capacity and our caregiving needs becomes more apparent to the general public, media organizations with a variety of orientations and perspectives have begun to tell stories about care, carework, and care crises. Carework researchers offer critical insights and perspectives on these pressing issues that may not be readily accessible to journalists (due to journal paywalls or the difficulty of academic language and methods). Even when these insights are cited, journalists often make mistakes in reporting on findings or contextualizing the findings without being overly sensational or missing the true value of the research. But popular media nonetheless represents a major opportunity to researchers who are invested in sharing their findings with the public, taking part in policy and other debates, and shifting overall culture to create more supportive and equitable care landscapes. How can you share your research with the mainstream media--either to write your own articles and get them published, or to entice journalists to cover your research? And what is the value of spending this extra attention on media outreach at the end of a long research process? This highly interactive workshop, which has been piloted for groups of work-family researchers, will be hosted by a former academic care researcher who has edited and written hundreds of articles for a major American media company, Slate.com, and co-facilitated by two journalists, including a Pulitzer Prize winning journalist and New York Times bestselling author, who work on this beat.
(2–3:15 p.m.) Concurrent Sessions
5.1 Paper Session: Discourses of Care
5.2. Paper Session: The Paid Care Workforce -- Occupations and Labor Markets
5.3. Panel Session: Decent/Good Care: International Approaches to Aged Care
In most OECD countries, population ageing, a fall in the numbers of informal carers and increasing costs are placing pressure on aged care services. Yet there is little understanding, at either the policy or workplace levels, of how the sustainability and quality of aged care services are affected by the quality of aged care jobs. Evidence shows that job quality and care quality are closely connected through care relationships, however less is known about how care is played out at the level of everyday practice and policy in this highly gendered sector. This panel explore how is this connection negotiated between aged care workers and aged care recipients, as well as how are these care relationships shaped by national policies, funding and regulation and by organisational practices and work design. The panel draws on qualitative interview and observation data collected in Australia and New Zealand as part of a three-year project on the links between decent work and good care (the larger project also includes Canada and Scotland). The main objective of this cross-national study is to better understand how national policies, funding and regulation, operationalized through organisational practices and work design, shape both the quality of work and the quality of care. Highlighting the interplay of gender, organisation, social policy and policy regimes, the papers in this panel analyse how the organisation of care relationships in aged care services, between care workers and aged care recipients, can best promote job quality in the work of aged care and sustainable, good quality aged care services.
5.4 Paper Session: Care Ethics and Radical Politics
(3:30 – 4:45 p.m.) Concurrent Sessions
6.2. Paper Session: Subjectivities and Identities in Care
6.3. Panel Session: Organizing Care Workers: Innovative Strategies from Domestic Worker Organizing across Asia and North America
Domestic workers have long pursued creative forms of collective organizing, across the globe, to challenge the interlocking inequalities of race, nation, migration, class and gender so starkly evident in home-based care work. As paid domestic work proliferates, combining in new ways with elder, disability and health care work while continuing to entail a large portion of child care and housework, understanding the organizing strategies of domestic workers are more important than ever. The creativity of domestic worker organizing stems in part from their exclusion from key labour and employment protections and from some labor and feminist organizations. Yet, domestic workers have organized despite labor law and outside traditional labor structures, through migrant associations, self-employed informal workers’ unions, cooperatives, workers centers and other organizational forms. They have recently won recognition as workers from the International Labour Organization but the work to make domestic work decent work continues in national – and transnational – contexts. This panel examines and compares recent organizing campaigns and strategies of domestic workers in Hong Kong, Singapore, the Philippines, Canada and the U.S. It highlights both old and new strategies like civil society advocacy work for changes in migration policies that recognize domestic workers as family members and transnational citizens; changes in labour legislation that both include them as workers and recognize the uniqueness of their work; workers’ stories and media work that help shift the terms of the debate to value domestic care work; collective structures that build migrant women’s leadership; and worker collectives that imagine more just and democratic care work relations.
6.4. Roundtable Session: Childcare and care ethics in the global economy
6.5 Roundtable Session: Working conditions of domestic workers
Carolyn Arcand, University of New Hampshire, “(How) do live-in domestic workers differ from live-out domestic workers? An analysis of demographics, work characteristics, and changes over time using American Community Survey data.”
Elaine Zundl, Rutgers University, Yana van der Meulen Rodgers, Rutgers University, “Domestic Worker Inequities and Rights: A Mixed-Methods Analysis.”
Kaitlin Chakoian-Lifvergren, Brandeis University, “The Compounded Impact of Repeated Exposure to Sexual Harassment and Workplace Violence for Domestic Care Workers.”
Jana Borras, York University, "She was very racist...but I had nowhere to go": The Precarious Experience of Filipina Live-in Caregivers in Canada.”
5 – 6:30 p.m. Keynote Address Hart House, Great room
Keynote speaker: Pat Armstrong, York University
Keynote title: The Feminization of the Care Labor Force?
7 – 9 p.m. Optional Dine-Arounds
Attendees can sign up to talk to people that they heard present and presenters that they would like to talk with. This allows students and other new attendees to find groups and join in informal networking and connection-making.
(8:30 – 9:45 a.m.) Concurrent Sessions
7.1. Paper Session: The Costs of Unpaid Care
7.2. Paper Session: Legal Frameworks of Care
7.3. Panel Session: Emotions at work: The intersections of emotion, care, and work
7.4 Roundtable Session: Neo-liberalism, inequality and resistance
7.5. Roundtable Session: Care work trajectories
(10 – 11:15 a.m.) Concurrent Sessions and Book Panel
8.1. Book Session
8.2. Paper Session: Care and Neoliberalism
8.3 Panel Session: What Constitutes as High Quality in Early Childhood Education and Care Settings? A Synthesis of Three Review and Meta-Analyses
8.4. Paper Session: End of Life Care
9.1. Paper Session: Experiences of Migrant Careworkers
9.2. Paper Session:Structures of Elder Care
9.3. Panel Session: Negotiating Tensions in Long-term Residential Care: Reflections from an International, Interdisciplinary Study of Promising Practices
In this panel presentation we draw on findings from the major collaborative initiative Reimagining Long-term Residential Care: An International Study of Promising Practices, which spanned across six countries and 27 sites, to explore some of the critical tensions that need to be negotiated in this sector. Focusing on examples of approaches, practices, programs, and interests that have conflicting or competing demands and/or consequences, we will draw on observational and interview data from various site studies to analyze some of the tensions that play out in the life of the nursing home. To use the most obvious example, there is a tension between the need to give priority to the increasingly complex medical needs of residents and the plan to provide the kind of support that emphasizes social care and interpersonal relationships. Similarly, there are tensions related to risk and safety: should a certain amount of risk be tolerated to enhance resident quality of life, and if so, how much risk can be tolerated, that have been recognized but deserve further exploration. But we also consider numerous tensions that are less obvious and seldom considered in the literature, such as those around family involvement in the everyday work and care of residents. Such tensions can mean significant tradeoffs or even negative consequences, as for instance when residents are put in wheelchairs to avoid falls but end up unable to walk as a result. We identify promising practices for negotiating and addressing these tensions in ways that can work for both those who need and those who provide care, while recognizing that tensions will remain.
9.4. Paper Session: Care and Social Change
10.1. Workshop: Caritas and Care Ethics: Creating Caring Institutions
As they adapt to the needs of changing populations and economic conditions, faith-based organizations need to consider how the ethics of care and justice are prioritized and maintained in their mission and strategic plans. Caritas, or love in theological terms, is a dimension of care ethics that resonates with the values of faith-based programs and provides a guide for institutional culture. This workshop is based on a university initiative to more fully develop and integrate the concept and practice of caritas across its campus, curriculum, and community. Seeking to define caritas within multidisciplinary constructs and a religious infrastructure, the university facilitated professional development activities that included presentations on the background of caritas, breakout sessions to explore the concept from different academic perspectives, and a group discussion to brainstorm next steps for the institution to create a culture of caritas in an intentional manner. Using this model as a framework for the workshop, participants will engage in creative and reflective exercises to develop their own process of defining caritas and explore how it can be applied in their own programs and organizations.
10.2. Workshop: ReUnion Workshop: Reimagine Marriage/Redistributing Care
ReUnion is a speculative platform for interpersonal contract of long-term relationships. It provides a space for people to map their immaterial labor for the relationship their commit to, and a friendly environment to facilitate them to redesign their relationship with their partners. The platform is aiming to become a new kind of social network, a new kind of welfare system and a new kind of legal framework that gives support to people that are outside of the nuclear family framework.
The project started with the critical reflections of marriage and family, which are state-sponsored contractual platform that presupposed the ways we organize our lives and caring for each other. Instead of centralizing care labor and financial stress into the unclear family, ReUnion offers a space where people can establish their network of care and support, negotiate and redistribute the immaterial labor in all the relationships they involved. For ReUnion, the future of family lies in groups of people that pledge long-term commitment to each other.
We will conduct a workshop in which people can use our digital and analog proof-of-concept to map their interpersonal relationships, by reflecting on the care labor they committed for and received from others. Eventually, they can redesign their relationships with each other, redistribute the care labor within a self-formed community and allow a new type of organization emerged.
11.2. Paper Session: Webs of Care: Reciprocity and Interdependence
11.3. Panel Session: Care and Practices of Liberation
11.4. Paper Session: Falling through the Cracks: Care Gaps
3:30 – 4:45 p.m. Concurrent Sessions
12.1 Paper Session: Macro-Politics of Care
12.2. Paper Session: Migrating for Care, Caring for Families
12.3. Panel Session: Coalitions in Carework
In most developed countries disability and aged care workers employed in private homes and in residential facilities have poorer minimum labour standards than other workers and face greater difficulties in enforcing these limited rights. The invisibility of care work in the public sphere and ‘cash for care’ funding mechanisms further undermine workers’ labour rights. These factors present significant and complex challenges to collective action by unions and by civil society groups to protect and advance care workers’ rights. In the context of underfunded and marketised care the rights of workers are often seen as competing with the rights of the vulnerable people to whom they provide support, which adds to this complexity. The panel addresses these challenges and the potential for diverse coalitions or alliances between workers, unions, civil society groups and the broader community. In doing so it draws on the work and experience of activists and scholars in the very different contexts of Australia, California, Quebec and Ontario.
12.4. Paper Session: Expanding the Boundaries of Care
Keynote speaker: Juliana Martínez Franzoni, University of Costa Rica
Keynote title: Imploding and redrawing care regimes: opportunities and challenges
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