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Erik E. Swartz


IMAGE OF Erik E. Swartz
Erik E. SwartzChair and Professor, Department of Physical Therapy and Kinesiology
  • College
    Zuckerberg College of Health Sciences
  • Department
    Physical Therapy and Kinesiology
  • Phone
    (978) 934-4292
  • Office
    Weed Hall - 1st Floor
  • Email

Research Interests

Prevention and acute care of head and neck injuries in football.

Education

  • Ph D: Applied Biomechanics , (2000), University of Toledo - Toledo, OH
    Supporting Area: Anatomy
  • MA: Physical Education, (1996), Western Michigan University - Kalamazoo, MI
    Supporting Area: Athletic Training
  • BS: Physical Education, (1995), St. Bonaventure University - St. Bonaventure, NY
    Supporting Area: Sports Medicine

Biography

Erik Swartz’s research interest focuses on the prevention and acute care of head and neck injuries in football. He has received grants from The NATA Foundation, NOCSAE, NFL Charities and was a winner of the NineSigma Head Health Challenge. He has published in journals such as The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, New England Journal of Medicine, Spine, and The American Journal of Sports Medicine. He served on the NFL Head Neck and Spine Committee’s Subcommittee on Safety Equipment and Rules and as chair of the NATA Position Statement on the Acute Management of the Cervical Spine Injured Athlete. He serves on the Editorial Boards of the Journal of Athletic Training and the Athletic Training and Sports Health Care Journal. In 2011 he was honored with a Fellows designation in the National Athletic Trainers’ Association and in 2015 received the Most Distinguished Athletic Trainer Award, also from the NATA. He received his PhD in Applied Biomechanics at the University of Toledo.

Selected Awards and Honors

  • Continuing Education Award (2018) - National Athletic Trainers’ Association
  • University of New Hampshire Faculty Scholar (2018) - University of New Hampshire
  • Lifesaving Research Award (2015), Scholarship/Research - Kory Stringer Institute
  • Most Distinguished Athletic Trainer Award (2015), Service, Professional - National Athletic Trainers’ Association
  • Service Award (2014), Service, Community - National Athletic Trainers’ Association
  • New Hampshire Most Distinguished Athletic Trainer of the Year (2013), Service, Professional
  • University of New Hampshire Research and Engagement Academy Faculty Scholar (2012), Scholarship/Research - University of New Hampshire
  • Kenneth L. Knight Award for the Outstanding Research Manuscript (2011), Scholarship/Research - Journal of Athletic Training
  • National Athletic Trainers’ Association Fellows Designation (2011) - National Athletic Trainers’ Association
  • Distinguished Alumni (2010) - University of Toledo, School of Health and Human Services
  • Eastern Athletic Trainers’ Association ‘Research to Reality’ Speaker (2008) - Eastern Athletic Trainers’ Association
  • Outstanding New Investigator Research Award (2006), Scholarship/Research - University of New Hampshire School of Health and Human Services
  • Clint Thompson Award for the Outstanding Non-Research Manuscript (2005) - Journal of Athletic Training

Selected Publications

  • Clark, M.D., Davis, M.P., Petschauer, M.A., Swartz, E., Mihalik, J.P. (2018) "Delivering Chest Compressions and Ventilations With and Without Men's Lacrosse Equipment.", Journal of Athletic Training 4 pp. 416
  • Bond, C.W., Cook, S.B., Swartz, E., Laroche, D.P. (2017) "Asymmetry of lower extremity force and muscle activation during knee extension and functional tasks.", Muscle & Nerve 3 pp. 495
  • Truumees, E., Swartz, E. (2017) "Biomechanics of the Spine in Sports and Prevention", Wolters Kluwer
  • Swartz, E., Waninger, K. (2017) "Chapter 7: Acute Management of Cervical Spine Injuries", Jones and Bartlett 2nd
  • Mihalik, J.P., Lynall, R.C., Fraser, M.A., Decoster, L.C., J. De Maio, V., Patel, A.P., Swartz, E. (2016) "Football Equipment Removal Improves Chest Compression and Ventilation Efficacy", Prehospital Emergency Care 20:5 pp. 578-585
  • Tucker, W.S., Swartz, E., Hornor, S.D. (2016) "Head and Trunk Acceleration During Intermediate Transport on Medical Utility Vehicles", Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine 26:1 pp. 53-58
  • Swartz, E. (2015) "Chapter 8: Cervical Spine Injury", Jones and Bartlett
  • Miller, K.C., Swartz, E., Long, B.C. (2015) "Cold-Water Immersion for Hyperthermic Humans Wearing American Football Uniforms.", Journal Of Athletic Training 50:8 pp. 792 - 799
  • Swartz, E., Broglio, S.P., Cook, S.B., Cantu, R.C., Ferrara, M.S., Guskiewicz, K.M., Myers, J.L. (2015) "Early results of a helmetless-tackling intervention to decrease head impacts in football players.", Journal of Athletic Training 12 pp. 1219
  • Swartz, E., Mihalik, J.P., Decoster, L.C., Darraji, S.A., Bric, J. (2015) "Emergent access to the airway and chest in American football players.", Journal of Athletic Training 7 pp. 681
  • Endres, B.D., Swartz, E., Tucker, W.S., Decoster, L.C. (2015) "Head Acceleration, Time, and Difficulty During Helmet Removal With and Without Facemask Removal", Athletic Training & Sports Health Care 7:6 pp. 224–231
  • Cook, S.B., LaRoche, D.P., Swartz, E., Hammond, P.R., King, M.A. (2014) "A novel sensorimotor movement and walking intervention to improve balance and gait in women.", Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice 20:4 pp. 311 - 316
  • Swartz, E., Mihalik, J.P., Beltz, N.M., Day, M.A., Decoster, L.C. (2014) "Basic Science: Face mask removal is safer than helmet removal for emergent airway access in American football.", The Spine Journal 14: pp. 996 - 1004
  • Endres, B., Decoster, L.C., Swartz, E. (2014) "Football Equipment Removal in an Exertional Heat Stroke Scenario: Time and Difficulty", Athletic Training & Sports Health Care 6:5 pp. 213-219
  • Swartz, E. (2014) "New Protocol Changes Address EMS Transport of Spine-Injured Athletes", NATA News Blog
  • Decoster, L., Burns, M., Swartz, E., Murthi, D., Hernandez, A., Vailas, J., Isham, L., Decoster, L.C., Burns, M.F., Swartz, E., Murthi, D.S., Hernandez, A.E., Vailas, J.C., Isham, L.L. (2012) "Maintaining neutral sagittal cervical alignment after football helmet removal during emergency spine injury management.", Spine (03622436) 37:8 pp. 654 - 659
  • Casa, D.J., Guskiewicz, K.M., Anderson, S.A., Courson, R.W., Heck, J.F., Jimenez, C.C., McDermott, B.P., Miller, M.G., Stearns, R.L., Swartz, E., Walsh, K.M. (2012) "National Athletic Trainers' Association Position Statement: Preventing Sudden Death in Sports.", Journal of Athletic Training (National Athletic Trainers' Association) 47:1 pp. 96 - 118
  • Swartz, E., Mihalik, J.P., Decoster, L.C., Hernandez, A.E. (2012) "Original Contribution: A study of emergency American football helmet removal techniques.", American Journal of Emergency Medicine 30: pp. 1163 - 1168
  • Bruce, L., Swartz, E. (2011) "Balance Training for Neuromuscular Control and Performance Enhancement: A Call for More Research", Athletic Training and Sports Health Care 3:4 pp. 171-173
  • Swartz, E., Waninger, K. (2011) "Chapter 7: Acute Management of Cervical Spine Injuries", Jones and Bartlett 1st
  • Swartz, E., Magrane, E.L. (2011) "Healing in Acute Ankle Ligament Sprains", Athletic Training & Sports Health Care 3:6 pp. 257-259
  • Broglio, S., Swartz, E., Crisco, J., Cantu, R., Broglio, S.P., Swartz, E., Crisco, J.J., Cantu, R.C. (2011) "In vivo biomechanical measurements of a football player's C6 spine fracture.", New England Journal of Medicine 365:3 pp. 279 - 281
  • Swartz, E., Hernandez, A.E., Decoster, L.C., Mihalik, J.P., Burns, M.F., Reynolds, C. (2011) "Prehospital Emergency Removal of Football Helmets Using Two Techniques", Prehospital Emergency Care 15:2 pp. 166-174
  • Swartz, E., Marshall, S. (2011) "Sports Medicine Digest: Should Helmets be Worn in Rugby?", Athletic Training and Sports Health Care 3:1 pp. 12-14
  • Waninger, K.N., Swartz, E. (2011) "Cervical Spine Injury Management in the Helmeted Athlete", Current Sports Medicine Reports 10:1 pp. 45-49
  • Zech, A., Hübscher, M., Vogt, L., Banzer, W., Hänsel, F., Pfeifer, K. (2010) "Balance Training for Neuromuscular Control and Performance Enhancement: A Systematic Review", Journal of Athletic Training 45:4 pp. 392-403
  • Swartz, E., Belmore, K., Decoster, L.C., Armstrong, C.W. (2010) "Emergency face-mask removal effectiveness: a comparison of traditional and nontraditional football helmet face-mask attachment systems.", Journal Of Athletic Training 45:6 pp. 560 - 569
  • Decoster, L., Swartz, E., Cappaert, T., Hootman, J. (2010) "Prevalence and characteristics of general and football-specific emergency medical service activations by high school and collegiate certified athletic trainers: a national study.", Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine 20:6 pp. 436 - 444
  • Swartz, E., Del Rossi, G. (2009) "Cervical spine alignment during on-field management of potential catastrophic spine injuries.", Sports Health 1:3 pp. 247 - 252
  • Swartz, E., Boden, B.P., Courson, R.W., Decoster, L.C., Horodyski, M., Norkus, S.A., Rehberg, R.S., Waninger, K.N. (2009) "National Athletic Trainers' Association Position Statement: Acute Management of the Cervical Spine--Injured Athlete.", Journal of Athletic Training (National Athletic Trainers' Association) 44:3 pp. 306 - 331
  • Swartz, E., Decoster, L.C., Norkus, S.A., Boden, B.P., Waninger, K.N., Courson, R.W., Horodyski, M., Rehberg, R.S. (2009) "Summary of the National Athletic Trainers' Association position statement on the acute management of the cervical spine-injured athlete.", The Physician And Sportsmedicine 37:4 pp. 20 - 30
  • Tucker, W.S., Campbell, B.M., Swartz, E., Armstrong, C.W. (2008) "Electromyography of 3 Scapular Muscles: A Comparative Analysis of the Cuff Link Device and a Standard Push-Up.", Journal of Athletic Training (National Athletic Trainers' Association) 43:5 pp. 464 - 469
  • Gale, S.D., Decoster, L.C., Swartz, E. (2008) "The Combined Tool Approach for Face Mask Removal During On-Field Conditions.", Journal of Athletic Training (National Athletic Trainers' Association) 43:1 pp. 14 - 20
  • Copeland, A., Decoster, L., Swartz, E., Gattie, E., Gale, S. (2007) "Combined tool approach is 100% successful for emergency football face mask removal.", Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine 17:6 pp. 452 - 457
  • Russell, P., Croce, R., Swartz, E., Decoster, L. (2007) "Knee Joint Stiffness: Developmental and Gender Comparisons in a functional landing task", Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 39:1 pp. 159-170
  • Swartz, E., Decoster, L.C., Norkus, S.A., Cappaert, T.A. (2007) "The Influence of Various Factors on High School Football Helmet Face Mask Removal: A Retrospective, Cross-Sectional Analysis.", Journal of Athletic Training (National Athletic Trainers' Association) 42:1 pp. 11 - 19
  • Swartz, E. (2007) "Evidenced Based Medicine: Efficient Football Helmet Face Mask Removal", Athletic Therapy Today 12:2 pp. 21-24
  • Swartz, E., Nowak, J., Shirley, C., Decoster, L.C. (2005) "A comparison of head movement during back boarding by motorized spine-board and log-roll techniques.", Journal of Athletic Training 3 pp. 162
  • Swartz, E., Floyd, R., Cendoma, M. (2005) "Cervical spine functional anatomy and the biomechanics of injury due to compressive loading.", Journal of Athletic Training 3 pp. 155
  • Swartz, E., Decoster, L., Russell, P., Croce, R. (2005) "Effects of developmental stage and sex on lower extremity kinematics and vertical ground reaction forces during landing.", Journal of Athletic Training (National Athletic Trainers' Association) 40:1 pp. 9 - 14
  • Swartz, E., Norkus, S.A., Cappaert, T., Decoster, L.C. (2005) "Football equipment design affects face mask removal efficiency.", The American Journal of Sports Medicine 8 pp. 1210
  • Decoster, L.C., Shirley, C.P., Swartz, E. (2005) "Football face-mask removal with a cordless screwdriver on helmets used for at least one season of play.", Journal Of Athletic Training 40:3 pp. 169 - 173
  • Croce, R.V., Russell, P.J., Swartz, E., Decoster, L.C. (2004) "Knee muscular response strategies differ by developmental level but not gender during jump landing.", Electromyography And Clinical Neurophysiology 44:6 pp. 339 - 348
  • Swartz, E., Norkus, S.A., Armstrong, C.W., Kleiner, D.M. (2003) "Face-mask removal: movement and time associated with cutting of the loop straps.", Journal of Athletic Training 2 pp. 120
  • Swartz, E., Norkus, S. (2003) "Letter to the Editor: Riddell Helmet Research Continues", NATA News pp. 62
  • Swartz, E., Norkus, S. (2003) "Letter to the Editor: Examining the Riddell Revolution", NATA News pp. 31
  • Swartz, E., Armstrong, C.W., Rankin, J.M., Rogers, B. (2002) "A 3-Dimensional Analysis of Face-Mask Removal Tools in Inducing Helmet Movement.", Journal Of Athletic Training 37:2 pp. 178 - 184
  • Swartz, E. (2002) "Face Mask Removal in the Spine Injured Football Player: A Review", EMS Magazine 31:10 pp. 175-178
  • Norkus, S.A., Swartz, E., Floyd, R. (2002) "Advantages of the Prone Lachman Test", Athletic Therapy Today 7:2 pp. 52-56
  • Tucker, W., Armstrong, C. (2001) "An Electromyographical Analysis Of The Cuff Link Rehabilitation Device.", Journal of Athletic Training 2
  • Swartz, E. (2001) "Book Review: From the Journal of Athletic Training: Energetics of Human Activity", NATA News pp. 58
  • Swartz, E. (2000) "Chapters 11 and 14 Revisions", McGraw Hill 2nd
  • Swartz, E. (1998) "Guest Editorial: Professionalism is Important", NATA News pp. 36

Selected Presentations

  • Effectiveness of Preventative Interventions in Football & The HuTT Technique - Cal State Fullerton Robert D Kersey 2018 Distinguished Speaker Seminar, April 2018
  • A Helmetless Tackling Training Intervention to Decrease Head Impact Exposure in High School Football: A Randomized Controlled Trial - Big Sky Athletic Training and Sports Medicine Conference, February 2018 - Big Sky, MT
  • Decreasing Head Impacts in American Football - Michigan Athletic Trainers’ Society Annual Clinical Symposium, June 2017
  • Reducing Head Impacts in Football: The HuTT Program - Project SEARCH- New Hampshire, January 2017 - Durham NH
  • A Helmet-Less Tackling Training Intervention to Decrease Head Impacts in American Football - Eastern Trainers’ Association Annual Meeting, January 2016 - Boston, MA
  • A Helmet-Less Tackling Training Intervention to Decrease Head Impacts in American Football - New England Chapter American College of Sports Medicine Fall Meeting, October 2015 - Providence, RI

Selected Intellectual Property

  • - Swartz, E."HUTT," 4909839 United States

Selected Contracts, Fellowships, Grants and Sponsored Research

  • Treatment to Reduce Head Impacts in Youth Football: Neural and Cognitive Effects. Inter-disciplinary research project with faculty from Communication Science Disorders (2017), Grant - University of New Hampshire Collaborative Research Excellence (CoRE) Initiative
    Swartz, E. (Co-Principal)
  • Prevention of Head Impacts in Football: The HuTT(TM) Technique (2014), Grant - NineSigma’s Head Health Challenge 2: Innovative Approaches For Preventing and Identifying Brain Injuries
    Swartz, E. (Co-Principal)
  • (2017), Grant - National Science Foundation Innovation Corps
    Swartz, E.
  • Prevention of Head Impacts in American Football (2014), Grant - National Athletic Trainer’s Association Foundation
    Swartz, E. (Co-Principal)
  • Prevention of Head Impacts in American Football (2013), Grant - University of New Hampshire Up2NIH
    Swartz, E. (Principal)
  • Football Helmet, Facemask, and Shoulder Pad Designs: Implications for Acute Airway and Cardiovascular Care in Medical Emergencies (2011), Grant - NFL Charities 2011 Medical Research Grant Cycle
    Swartz, E. (Principal)
  • Head and Trunk Acceleration during Intermediate Transport on Medical Utility Vehicles (2012), Grant - University of Central Arkansas Foundation Grant
    Swartz, E. (Co-Investigator)
  • Velocity and Acceleration of the Head and Torso During Emergency Shoulder Pad Remova (2012), Sponsored Research - University of New Hampshire Summer Undergraduate Research Award
    Swartz, E. (Other)
  • Football Facemask, Helmet, and Shoulder Pad Equipment Designs: Effects on Acute Airway and Cardiovascular Care in Medical Emergencies (2011), Grant - Eastern Athletic Trainers’ Association
    Swartz, E. (Principal)
  • Efficacy of a Novel Comprehensive Movement Awareness Program (2011), Contract - Foundation for Movement Intelligence
    Swartz, E. (Principal)
  • Head Motion, Time of Removal, and Perceived Ease of Removing a Football Helmet Using the Eject(TM) Helmet Removal System (2010), Contract - Shockdoctor, Inc.
    Swartz, E.
  • Comparison of Emergency Helmet Removal Techniques (2010), Fellowship - University of New Hampshire Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship
    Swartz, E. (Other)
  • Biomechanical Analysis of Fly Casting (2007), Contract - Temple Fork Outfitters: Fly Casting Research Support
    Swartz, E.
  • Face Mask Removal using Newly Designed Quick Release Face Masks (2007), Contract - Riddell Company
    Swartz, E. (Principal)
  • A Gender Comparison of Lower Extremity Landing Biomechanics Utilizing Different Tasks (2007), Fellowship - University of New Hampshire Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship
    Swartz, E. (Other)
  • Gender Differences in Landing Using Functional vs. Non-Functional Task (2005), Fellowship - University of New Hampshire Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship
    Swartz, E. (Other)
  • An analysis of a motorized spine board (2004), Contract - Vision LLC
    Swartz, E. (Principal)
  • The Effects of equipment design on face mask removal efficiency (2004), Fellowship - University of New Hampshire Summer Faculty Fellowship
    Swartz, E. (Principal)
  • Foot strike patterns during running and their association with chronic injuries (2004), Grant - University of New Hampshire Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship
    Swartz, E. (Other)
  • The influences on football equipment from a full season of participation and its relation to face mask removal efficiency (2004), Sponsored Research - Byron Goldman Research Award from the National Operating Committee on Standards for Athletic Equipment
    Swartz, E.
  • Various types of football helmets, face masks, and face mask loop straps, and their effects on the efficiency of face mask removal (2003), Grant - National Operating Committee on Standards for Athletic Equipment
    Swartz, E. (Principal)
  • Face mask removal efficiency in the spine injured athlete (2002), Grant - Quinnipiac University Summer Research Grant
    Swartz, E. (Co-Investigator)
  • Non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injuries in females: Possible mechanisms from a developmental perspective (2002), Grant - National Athletic Trainer’s Association Foundation
    Swartz, E. (Principal)
  • Head Movement and hand placement patterns associated with various face mask removal tools (2001), Grant - National Athletic Trainer’s Association Foundation
    Swartz, E. (Principal)
  • Head Movement associated with various face mask removal tools (2000), Grant - Quinnipiac University Summer Research Grant
    Swartz, E.