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Robert Kuzendorf

Robert Kuzendorf
Robert KunzendorfProfessor Emeritus
  • CollegeCollege of Fine Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences
  • DepartmentPsychology
  • Phone(978) 934-3967
  • EmailRobert_Kunzendorf@uml.edu

Research Interests

Cognitive psychology, statistics, psychology of consciousness, abnormal psychology

Individual differences in mental imagery and dreams, reality testing, evolution of consciousness and self-consciousness and subconscious

Education

  • Other, (1994), Cambridge Hospital - Cambridge, MA
  • Other: Clinical Assessment, (1993), Boston University Psychology Department - Boston, MA
  • Other: Advanced Psychopathology, (1992), Boston University Psychology Department - Boston, MA
  • Ph D: Cognitive Psychology, (1979), University of Virginia - Charlottesville, VA
  • BA: Psychology, (1973), Yale University - New Haven, CT

Awards and Honors

  • Who's Who Among America's Teachers (six-time honoree), Teaching
  • Who's Who in Medicine and Healthcare
  • Who's Who in Science and Engineering

Publications

  • Kunzendorf, R., Ejaife, L., Petrychova, K. (2014) "Differing psychological definitions of liberalism and conservatism: Their statistical association with personality and racism," Imagination, Cognition, and Personality 34: pp. 117-131
  • Kunzendorf, R., Savage, R., Doherty, K., Smith, C., Powell, R., Belliveau, D., Erickson, G. (2014) "Dream depictions of the 'unperceivable' object of emotional loss," International Journal of Dream Research 7: pp. 148-152
  • Kunzendorf, R., Dwyer, N., Foran, M., Pagan, A., Giuseppe, A., Milligan, B. (2014) "Heterarchical versus hierarchical modes of imageless thinking," Imagination, Cognition, and Personality 33: pp. 405-422
  • Kunzendorf, R. (2014) "Phenomenal yellow from rotated red and green: Retinal qualia versus emergent cortical qualia," Psychology of Consciousness 1: pp. 320-328
  • Salzman, J.P., Kunzendorf, R., Saunders, E., Hulihan, D. (2014) "The Primary Attachment Style Questionnaire: A brief measure for assessing six primary attachment styles before and after age twelve.," Imagination, Cognition and Personality 33:1-2 pp. 113 - 149
  • Kunzendorf, R. (2014) "Predicting Dreamers' Emotions from Dream Descriptions," 31st Annual Conference of the International Association for the Study of Dreams
  • Kunzendorf, R. (2014) "The poet Hartmann and the dreamer Coleridge on the Relation of the Poet Dreaming," 31st Annual Conference of the International Association for the Study of Dreams
  • Kunzendorf, R., Veatch, J.W. (2013) "Envisioning the dream through art and science," Baywood Publishing
  • Kunzendorf, R., Barrett, D., McNamara, P. (2012) "Depictions of dreams. Encyclopedia of sleep and dreams," Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishers, 1: pp. 195-199
  • Kunzendorf, R., Garvin, N. (2012) "Differentiating Falsely Recognized Faces from Incompletely Remembered Faces," Psychological reports 110:3
  • Kunzendorf, R., Barrett, D., McNamara, P. (2012) "Self-consciousness and dreaming.Encyclopedia of Sleep and Dreams," Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishers 2: pp. 574-575
  • Kunzendorf, R., Lyman, S.S., Sousa, B., Hilly, E. (2012) "â??Imagelessâ? spatial and temporal rules can be tested and refined by constructing vivid visual and auditory images," Imagination, Cognition, and Personality 32:(2) pp. 115-150
  • Kunzendorf, R., Flynn, H., Shedlack, J., Georges, M., Deno, S., Rosa, N., Burns, J. (2010) "Depression, unlike normal sadness, is associated with a 'flatter' self-perception and a 'flatter' phenomenal world," Imagination, Cognition, and Personality 30:(4) pp. 447-461
  • Kunzendorf, R., Sheikh, A.A., Weiner, I.B., Craighead, W.E. (2010) "Mental imagery. Corsini encyclopedia of psychology, 4th Ed," New York, NY: Wiley, 3: pp. 983-985
  • Kunzendorf, R., Turgiss, J., Benson, J., Ostler, C., Walsh, E., Sawyer, R., Deschenes, D. (2010) "Multiple styles of self-control predict college students' alcohol consumption," Imagination, Cognition, and Personality 30:(2) pp. 185-199
  • Kunzendorf, R., Barrett, D. (2010) "The hypnotic deactivation of self-conscious source monitoring. Hyponosis and hypnotherapy," 1: pp. 1-14
  • Kunzendorf, R. (2009) "Binocular perception of an abstract multicolored display through one red-filtered eye and one green-filtered eye," Perceptual and motor skills 109:3 pp. 707-717
  • Kunzendorf, R., Connors, J., Arrecis, C., Farrington, J., Carter, S. (2008) "Do psychologically autonomous individuals behave as if they have free will?," Imagination, Cognition, and Personality 28:(3) pp. 269-281
  • Kunzendorf, R., Buker, F. (2008) "Should visual images be defined as depictive neural patterns, or as conscious sensations constructed from '??imageless'? visual thoughts?," Imagination, Cognition, and Personality 28:(1) pp. 5-35
  • Kunzendorf, R., Sheikh, A.A., Sheikh, K.S. (2007) "Confronting death through mental and artistic imagery. Healing with death imagery," pp. 47-65
  • Kunzendorf, R., Buker, F. (2007) "Does existential meaning require hope, or is interest enough?," Imagination, Cognition and Personality 27: pp. 233-243
  • Kunzendorf, R. (2007) "Is binocular fusion of "cortical yellow" An illusion, contingent upon abstraction of coherent sensory information from the two eyes?," Perceptual and motor skills 104:1 pp. 298-306
  • Kunzendorf, R., Barrett, D., McNamara, P. (2007) "Symbolic? images in dreams and daydreams. The new science of dreaming," 3: pp. 155-170
  • Kunzendorf, R., Watson, G., Monroe, L., Tassone, S., Papoutsakis, E., McArdle, E., Gauthier, A. (2007) "The archaic belief in dream visitations as it relates to 'seeing ghosts','??meeting the Lord' as well as '??encountering extraterrestrials'.," Imagination, Cognition, and Personality 27: pp. 71-85
  • Hartmann, E., Kunzendorf, R. (2006) "Boundaries and dreams," Imagination Cognition and Personality 26:(1&2) pp. 101-115
  • Kunzendorf, R., Leszkiewicz, J., Hamill, K., McAleer, S., Geoffroy, S., Ciampaglia, A., Pereira, D., Brito, C. (2006) "Dreaming and daydreaming about dreadful possibilities: Primal fears versus existential fears," Imagination Cognition and Personality 26: pp. 249-257
  • Kunzendorf, R., Treantafel, N., Taing, B., Flete, A., Savoie, S., Agersea, S., Williams, R. (2006) "The sense of self in lucid dreams: 'Self as subject'? vs. 'self as agent'? vs. 'self as object'.," Imagination, Cognition, and Personality 26: pp. 303-324
  • Kunzendorf, R. (2006) "Universal repression from consciousness versus abnormal dissociation from self-consciousness," Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29:5 pp. 523-524
  • Hartmann, E., Kunzendorf, R. (2005) "The central image (CI) in recent dreams, dreams that stand out, and earliest dreams: Relationship to boundaries," Imagination Cognition and Personality 25: pp. 383-392
  • Kunzendorf, R., Deignan, M., Galva, M., Latorre, K., Masotta, E. (2005) "The psychological boundaries delineating truth and falsehood," Imagination Cognition and Personality 25: pp. 283-297
  • Kunzendorf, R., Reynolds, K. (2004) "On the cognitive function of visual images and the development of individual differences," Imagination Cognition and Personality 24: pp. 245-257
  • Kunzendorf, R., Acevedo, J., Barrasso, D., Leger, S., Lima, D., Lynn, C., Williams, S. (2004) "The fine line between fantasizing torture and countenancing Abu Ghraib," Imagination Cognition and Personality 24: pp. 301-314
  • Sheikh, A.A., Kunzendorf, R., Sheikh, K.S. (2003) "Healing images: Historical perspective. Healing images: The role of imagination in health," Amityville, NY: Baywood, pp. 3-26
  • Sheikh, A.A., Kunzendorf, R., Sheikh, K.S., Baer, S.M. (2003) "Physiological consequences of imagery and related procedures. Healing images: The role of imagination in health," pp. 27-52
  • Kunzendorf, R., McGlone, M., Hulihan, D., Boulia, K., Portuese, J., Dinsmore, T., Bramhall, E. (2003) "Reframing cognitive therapy to integrate recent research on emotion, imagery, and self-talk," Imagination Cognition and Personality 23: pp. 309-323
  • Kunzendorf, R. (2003) "Within-subject and between-subjects differences in the vividness of imaged memories, imaged thoughts, symbolic images, and hallucinated images," Journal of Mental Imagery 27:(3&4) pp. 188-192
  • Hartmann, E., Kunzendorf, R., Baddour, A., Chapwick, M., Eddins, M., Krueger, C., Latraverse, T., Shannon, R. (2002) "Emotion makes daydreams more dreamlike, more Symbolic," Imagination Cognition and Personality 22: pp. 255-274
  • Hartmann, E., Kunzendorf, R., Rosen, R., Grace, N.G. (2001) "Contextualizing Images in Dreams and Daydreams," Dreaming 11:2 pp. 97-104
  • Kunzendorf, R., Hall, S. (2001) "Electroretinographic after-effects of visual imaging: Individual differences in imagery vividness and reality testing," Journal of Mental Imagery 25:(3&4) pp. 79-92
  • Hartmann, E.L., Zborowki, M., Kunzendorf, R. (2001) "Emotions pictured by the dream: an examination of emotions contextualized in dreams," Sleep 24:
  • Kunzendorf, R., Sansom, R., Davis, A. (2001) "Envisioning other minds: The artistic drawing and psychometric rating of images and percepts," Imagination Cognition and Personality 21: pp. 33-46
  • Kunzendorf, R., Paroskie, J. (2000) "Emotionally directing visual sensations: II. Lowering the threshold for tinted percepts," Imagination Cognition and Personality 20: pp. 179-187
  • Kunzendorf, R., Young, K., Beecy, T., Beals, K. (2000) "Is visual thinking "imageless thought"?," Perceptual and motor skills 91:3 pp. 981-982
  • Kunzendorf, R., DeJesus, N., Chicos, N., Avalos, H. (2000) "Resolving existential sentiments with music: Evidence for a 'mental chemistry' of emotions," Imagination Cognition and Personality 20: pp. 59-69
  • Kunzendorf, R., Hartmann, E., Thomas, L., Berensen, L. (1999) "Emotionally,directing visual sensations: I. Generating images that contextualize emotion and become "symbolic"," Imagination Cognition and Personality 19: pp. 269-278
  • Kunzendorf, R. (1999) "Redefining associative memory, in order to account for the imaginative reconstruction of accurate memories," Imagination Cognition and Personality 19: pp. 149-163
  • Kunzendorf, R., Crosson, M., Zalaket, A., White, J., Enik, R. (1998) "Normal dimensions of multiple personality without amnesia," Imagination Cognition and Personality 18: pp. 205-221
  • Kunzendorf, R., Hartmann, E., Cohen, R., Cutler, J. (1997) "Bizarreness of the dreams and daydreams reported by individuals with thin and thick boundaries," Dreaming 7:4 pp. 265-270
  • Kunzendorf, R., Justice, M., Capone, D. (1997) "Conscious images as 'centrally excited sensations': a developmental study of imaginal influences on the ERG," J.of Mental Imagery 21:(1&2) pp. 155-166
  • Kunzendorf, R., Hulihan, D., Simpson, W., Pritykina, N., Williams, K. (1997) "Is absorption a diathesis for dissociation in sexually and physically abused patients?," Imagination Cognition and Personality 17: pp. 277-282
  • Kunzendorf, R., McGlinchey-Berroth, R. (1997) "The return of 'the subliminal'," Imagination Cognition and Personality 17: pp. 31-43
  • Kunzendorf, R., Francis, L., Ward, J., Cohen, R., Cutler, J., Walsh, J., Berenson, S. (1996) "Effect of negative imaging on heart rate and blood pressure, as a function of image vividness and image 'realness'," Imagination Cognition and Personality 16: pp. 139-159
  • Kunzendorf, R., Spanos, N.P., Wallace, B. (1996) "Hypnosis and imagination,"
  • Kunzendorf, R., Boisvert, P., Spanos, N.P., Wallace, B. (1996) "Presence vs absence of a 'hidden observer' during total deafness. Hypnosis and imagination," pp. 223-234
  • Rader, C., Kunzendorf, R., Carrabino, C., Spanos, N.P., Wallace, B. (1996) "Relation of image vividness, absorption, reality boundaries and synesthesia to hypnotic states and traits. Hypnosis and imagination," pp. 99-121
  • Sheikh, A.A., Kunzendorf, R., Sheikh, K.S., Velmans, M. (1996) "Somatic consequences of consciousness. Science of consciousness," pp. 140-161
  • Kunzendorf, R., Thompson, D., Butler, W. (1995) "Percepts considered as "bundles of sensations": confusion of percepts with afterimages," Imagination Cognition and Personality 15: pp. 309-318
  • Kunzendorf, R., Moran, C., Gray, R. (1995) "Personality,traits and reality-testing, abilities, controlling for vividness of imagery," Imagination Cognition and Personality 15: pp. 115-131
  • Kunzendorf, R. (1995) "VVIQ construct validity: centrally excited sensations versus analog representations and memory images," Journal of Mental Imagery 19:(3&4) pp. 150-153
  • Kunzendorf, R. (1993) ""Three pens" test for autohypnotic hallucinating: hypnotic virtuosos versus eidetic imagers versus control subjects.," J.of Mental Imagery 17:(3&4) pp. 133-140
  • Kunzendorf, R., Moran, C. (1993) "Repression: active censorship of stressful memories versus source amnesia for self-consciously dissociated memories," Imagination Cognition and Personality 13: pp. 291-302
  • Kunzendorf, R., Carrabino, C., Capone, D. (1992) ""Safe" fantasy: the self-conscious boundary between wishing and willing," Imagination Cognition and Personality 12: pp. 177-188
  • Kunzendorf, R., Butler, W. (1992) "Apperception revisited: "Subliminal" monocular perception during the apperception of fused random-dot stereograms," Consciousness and cognition 1:1 pp. 63-76
  • Kunzendorf, R. (1992) "Effect of image vividness on reality monitoring," Imagination Cognition and Personality 12: pp. 197-205
  • Kunzendorf, R., Sheikh, A.A., Sheikh, K.S. (1991) "Confronting death through mental and artistic images. Death imagery," pp. 127-46
  • Kunzendorf, R., Marsden, D. (1991) "Dissociation in Ambidextrous Students," Perceptual and motor skills 73:3
  • Kunzendorf, R., Jesses, M., Michaels, A., Ciazzo-Fluellen, G., Butler, W. (1991) "Imagination and perceptual development: effects of auditory imaging on the brainstem evoked potentials of children, adult musicians and other adults," pp. 159-166
  • Kunzendorf, R. (1991) "Mental imagery,"
  • Kunzendorf, R., Beltz, S.M., Tymowicz, G. (1991) "Self-awareness in autistic subjects and deeply hypnotized subjects: dissociation of self-concept versus self-consciousness," Imagination Cognition and Personality 11: pp. 129-141
  • Kunzendorf, R. (1991) "The causal efficacy of consciousness in general, imagery in particular: A materialistic perspective. Mental imagery," pp. 147-58
  • Kunzendorf, R., Hoyle, D., Shorr, J.E., Robin, P., Connella, J.A., Wolpin, M. (1990) "Auditory percepts, mental images, and hypnotic hallucinations: similarities and differences in auditory evoked potentials. Imagery--current perspectives," pp. 1-12
  • Kunzendorf, R., Sheikh, A.A. (1990) "Imaging, image-monitoring, and health. Psychophysiology of mental imagery," pp. 185-202
  • Kunzendorf, R., Sheikh, A.A. (1990) "Mind-brain identity theory. Psychophysiology of mental imagery," pp. 9-36
  • Kunzendorf, R., Jesses, M., Dupille, L., Butler, W. (1990) "Subliminal,activation of, intrapsychic conflicts: subconscious realms of mind vs subconscious processes of mentation," Imagination Cognition and Personality 10: pp. 117-128
  • Kunzendorf, R., Sheikh, A.A. (1990) "The psychophysiology of mental imagery,"
  • Kunzendorf, R. (1989) "Afterimages of eidetic images: a developmental study," J.of Mental Imagery 13:(1) pp. 55-62
  • Sheikh, A.A., Kunzendorf, R., Sheikh, K.S. (1989) "Healing images: from ancient wisdom to modern science. Eastern and western approaches to healing," pp. 470-515
  • Kunzendorf, R. (1989) "Posthypnotic amnesia: dissociation of self-concept or self-consciousness?," Imagination Cognition and Personality 9: pp. 321-334
  • Kunzendorf, R., Montisanti, L. (1989) "Subliminal,activation of,hypnotic responses: subconscious realms of mind vs subconscious modes of mentation," Imagination Cognition and Personality 9: pp. 103-114
  • Kunzendorf, R., Butler, W., Pearson, B. (1988) "Are monocular arrays discriminable from binocular arrays?," Perceptual and motor skills 66:2 pp. 531-534
  • Kunzendorf, R., McLaughlin, S. (1988) "Depression: a failure to suppress the self-conscious 'monitoring' of dismal cognitions," Imagination Cognition and Personality 8: pp. 3-17
  • Kunzendorf, R., Maurer, J. (1988) "Hypnotic attenuation of the 'boundaries' between emotional, visual, and auditory sensations.," Imagination Cognition and Personality 8: pp. 225-234
  • Kunzendorf, R. (1988) "Vivid images, eidetic images, and hallucinations: 'unvivid' differences," Journal of Mental Imagery 12:(3&4) pp. 75-80
  • Kunzendorf, R. (1987) "Geophysical variables and behavior: XL. Electromagnetic stimulation of 'extrasensory' evoked potentials," Perceptual and motor skills 64:3 I pp. 1015-1018
  • Kunzendorf, R. (1987) "Self-consciousness as the monitoring of cognitive states," Imagination Cognition and Personality 88:(7) pp. 3-22
  • Kunzendorf, R., Lacourse, P., Lynch, B. (1986) "Hypnotic hypermnesia for subliminally encoded stimuli: state-dependent memory for 'unmonitored' sensations," Imagination Cognition and Personality 6: pp. 365-377
  • Kunzendorf, R., Butler, W. (1986) "Personality and Immunity - Depressive Tendencies Versus Manic and Schizophrenic Tendencies," Psychological reports 59:2
  • Kunzendorf, R. (1985) "Hypnotic hallucinations as 'unmonitored' images," Imagination Cognition and Personality 86:(5) pp. 255-70
  • Kunzendorf, R. (1985) "Repressed Fear of Inexistence and its Hypnotic Recovery in Religious Students," Omega-Journal of Death and Dying 16:1
  • Kunzendorf, R., Wigner, L. (1985) "Smoking and Memory - State-Specific Effects," Perceptual and motor skills 61:2
  • Kunzendorf, R., Benoit, M. (1985) "Spontaneous posthypnotic amnesia and spontaneous rehypnotic recovery in repressors," Imagination Cognition and Personality 86:(5) pp. 303-310
  • Kunzendorf, R. (1984) "Centrifugal effects of eidetic imaging on flash electroretinograms and autonomic responses," J.of Mental Imagery 8:(4) pp. 67-76
  • Sheikh, A.A., Kunzendorf, R. (1984) "Imagery, physiology, and psychosomatic illness," International Review of Mental Imagery 1: pp. 95-138
  • Kunzendorf, R., Pearson, B. (1984) "Perception of Randomness," Perceptual and motor skills 59:2
  • Kunzendorf, R. (1984) "Subconscious percepts as 'unmonitored' percepts," Imagination Cognition and Personality 85:(4) pp. 367-75
  • Kunzendorf, R., Bradbury, J.L. (1983) "Better Liars have Better Imaginations," Psychological reports 52:2
  • Kunzendorf, R., Brown, C., Mcgee, D. (1983) "Hypnotizability - Correlations with Daydreaming and Sleeping," Psychological reports 53:2
  • Kunzendorf, R. (1982) "Consciousness. Encyclopedia of science and technology. 5th ed," New York: McGraw-Hill, pp. 558-580
  • Kunzendorf, R., Denney, J. (1982) "Definitions of Personal-Space - Smokers Versus Nonsmokers," Psychological reports 50:3
  • Kunzendorf, R. (1982) "Mental images, appreciation of grammatical patterns, and creativity," J.of Mental Imagery 6:(1) pp. 183-202
  • Kunzendorf, R. (1981) "Individual differences in imagery and autonomic control," J.of Mental Imagery 5:(2) pp. 47-60
  • Kunzendorf, R. (1977) "Selected features of word meaning," J.of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 15: pp. 633-40

Presentations

  • , May 1998 - Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, New York

Contracts, Fellowships, Grants and Sponsored Research

  • "Effects of psychological interventions on cancer patients' emotions" (1998), Grant - Student-Faculty Collaborative Research Grant
  • "Psychphysiology of imagery and its psychosomatic use" (1982), Grant - NIMH Grant