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Jill Portnoy

Jill Portnoy
Jill Portnoy Assistant Professor


biosocial criminology, psychophysiology, hormones, biologically-informed prevention

Research Interests

Biosocial criminology; Psychophysiology; Hormones; Nutrition; Biologically-informed prevention.


  • Ph D: Criminology, (2015), University of Pennsylvania
  • Other: Criminological Research, (2011), University of Cambridge
  • BA: Criminology and Hispanic Studies, (2010), University of Pennsylvania


Jill Portnoy is an assistant professor in the School of Criminology and Justice Studies at the University of Massachusetts Lowell. She received her Ph.D. in Criminology from the University of Pennsylvania in 2015. Her research examines biological risk factors for antisocial behavior, aggression, and psychopathy. Her primary focus is on psychophysiological and hormonal risk factors for antisocial behavior, as well as interactions between these biological factors and the social environment.

This research contributes to the broader field of developmental criminology, as well as into the etiology of crime. While most criminological research is either social or cognitive, her work contributes to a more comprehensive understanding of the development of delinquency that takes into account factors across multiple levels of measurement. Her research has been published in high-ranking journals such as Criminology. Jill Portnoy is also the only criminologist to apply perspectives from biosocial criminology to the study of extremist propaganda and terrorist radicalization.

Selected Publications

  • Raine, A., Cheney, R.A., Ho, R., Portnoy, J., Liu, J., Soyfer, L., Hibbeln, J., Richmond, T.S. (2016). Nutritional Supplementation to Reduce Child Aggression: A Randomized, Stratified, Single-Blind, Factorial Trial. Journal of child psychology and psychiatry.
  • Portnoy, J., Raine, A., Glenn, A.L., Chen, F.R., Choy, O., Granger, D.A. (2015). Digit Ratio (2d: 4d) Moderates the Relationship Between Cortisol Reactivity and Self-Reported Externalizing Behavior in Young Adolescent Males. Biological psychology, 112 94-106.
  • Raine, A., Portnoy, J., Liu, J., Mahoomed, T., Hibbeln, J.R. (2015). Reduction in Behavior Problems with Omega-3 Supplementation in Children Aged 8-16 Years: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Stratified, Parallel-Group Trial. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 56(5) 509-520.
  • Portnoy, J., Farrington, D.P. (2015). Resting Heart Rate and Antisocial Behavior: An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Aggression and violent behavior, 22 33-45.
  • Choy, O., Raine, A., Portnoy, J., Rudo-Hutt, A., Gao, Y., Soyfer, L. (2015). The Mediating Role of Heart Rate on the Social Adversity-Antisocial Behavior Relationship A Social Neurocriminology Perspective. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 52(3) 303-341.
  • Portnoy, J., Chen, F.R., GAo, Y., NIv, S., SCHuG, R., Yang, Y., RAINE, A. (2014). Biological Perspectives on Sex Differences in Crime and Antisocial Behavior. The Oxford handbook of gender, sex, and crime, 260-285.
  • Portnoy, J., Raine, A., Chen, F.R., Pardini, D., Loeber, R., Jennings, J.R. (2014). Heart Rate and Antisocial Behavior: The Mediating Role of Impulsive Sensation Seeking. Criminology, 52(2) 292-311.
  • Raine, A., Fung, A.L., Portnoy, J., Choy, O., Spring, V.L. (2014). Low Heart Rate as a Risk Factor for Child and Adolescent Proactive Aggressive and Impulsive Psychopathic Behavior. Aggressive Behavior, 40(4) 290-299.
  • Portnoy, J., Chen, F.R., Raine, A. (2013). Biological Protective Factors for Antisocial and Criminal Behavior. Journal of Criminal Justice, 41(5) 292-299.
  • Liu, J., Portnoy, J., Raine, A. (2012). Association Between a Marker for Prenatal Testosterone Exposure and Externalizing Behavior Problems in Children. Development and psychopathology, 24(03) 771-782.

Selected Presentations

  • Heart Rate Stress Reactivity Moderates the Relationship between Neighborhood Disadvantage and Externalizing Behavior - Annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, 2014 - San Francisco, CA
  • Heart Rate Portnoy, 4 and Aggression: The Mediating Role of Impulsive Sensation-seeking. - Annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, 2013 - Atlanta, GA
  • Resting Heart Rate and Antisocial Behavior: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. - Annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, 2012 - Chicago, IL
  • The Relationship between Prenatal Testosterone and Adult Psychopathic Personality - Annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, 2011 - Washington, D.C.
  • The Second to Fourth (2D:4D) Digit Ratio and its Relation to Crime, Aggression, and Psychopathic Personality - Annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, 2010 - San Francisco, CA