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David Willis

David Willis
David J. WillisAssociate Professor

Research Interests

Computational/Experimental Aerodynamics, Engineering Education Research.

Computational/Experimental Aerodynamics: Computational & Experimental Aerodynamics/Aeroelasticity, Computational Fluid Dynamics, Aeroacoustics, Parachute Fabrics and Cords, Wind Energy, Low Reynolds Number Aerodynamics, and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles.

Engineering Education Research: Student Motivation, First Year Experience in Engineering, Educational Outreach.

Education

  • Ph D: Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, (2006), Massachusetts Institute of Technology - Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Other: Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, (2003), Massachusetts Institute of Technology - Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Other: Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, (2000), Carleton University - Ottawa, Canada

Awards and Honors

  • Dean's Honour List - Carleton University
  • Faculty Scholarship, Scholarship/Research - Carleton University
  • ASEE-SFFP Summer Faculty Fellow (2012) - Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright Patterson Air Force Base
  • SGA College of Engineering Teaching Excellence Award (2012), Teaching - University of Massachusetts, Lowell, MA
  • Mechanical Engineering Department Teaching Excellence Award (2010), Teaching - University of Massachusetts Lowell
  • US Association of Computational Mechanics (USACM) Postdoctoral and Young Investigator Travel Fellowship (2008) - 8th World Congress on Computational Mechanics, held in Venice, Italy
  • First Place, Informational Graphics Category, Science Magazine (2007) - NSF Science and Engineering Visualization Challenge
  • Graduate Fellowship (2004) - PGS-B Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) Graduate Fellowship
  • Senate Medal for Outstanding Academic Achievement (2000) - Carleton University
  • Commissioner's Commendation (1999) - Canadian Coast Guard
  • Rolls-Royce Scholarship (1999) - Carleton University
  • Virginia B. Covey Bursary (1996)

Publications

  • DiPaola, M., Willis, D.J., Leonardi, S. (2016) "A fast differential deficit control volume approach for modeling turbine-turbine interactions," 46th AIAA Fluid Dynamics Conference
  • Bevan, J.J., Willis, D.J. (2016) "A high-order conservative Eulerian simulation method for vortex dominated flows," 46th AIAA Fluid Dynamics Conference
  • DiPaola, M., Willis, D.J. (2016) "A rotating reference frame, integral boundary layer method," pp. 3974
  • Weitzen, J.A., Rashid, M.M., Johnston, S.P., Maase, E.L., Willis, D.J. (2015) "A methodology for restructuring our first year introduction to engineering sequence at University of Massachusetts Lowell," American Society for Engineering Education 122nd ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition: Making Value for Society:
  • Vaillant, J.J., Hansen, C.J., Stolk, J., Johnston, S.P., Shina, S.G., Willis, D.J. (2015) "Design and implementation of an inexpensive laboratory for providing hands-on design prototyping and manufacturing experiences to engineering students," American Society for Engineering Education 122nd ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition: Making Value for Society:
  • Willis, D.J., Persson, P. (2014) "Multiple-Fidelity Computational Framework for the Design of Efficient Flapping Wings," AIAA Journal 52:12 pp. 2840-2854
  • Willis, D.J. (2014) "Using Enriched Basis Functions for Automatically Handling Wake-Body Intersections in Source-Doublet Potential Panel Methods,," Aircraft 51:6 pp. 1891-1903
  • Vaillant, J.J., Hansen, C.J., Stolk, J.D., Johnston, S.P., Shina, S.G., Willis, D.J. (2014) "Hands on made4me: Hands-on machining, analysis and design experiences for mechanical engineers," 121st ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition, Conference Proceedings
  • Vaillaint, J., Hansen, C., Stolk, J., Johnston, S., Shina, S., Willis, D.J. (2014) "Hands-On Made 4 ME: The impact of CNC technology in the early engineering curriculum," NSF-Grantees special poster session, ASEE National Conference
  • Willis, D., Salehipour, H. (2014) "From wakes to wings: Using a multi-fidelity approach to design flapping wings," SPIE DSS14 Micro-Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems, and Applications Conference, Micro Autonomous Systems Technology (MAST): Performance Bounds and Trade Space Studies
  • Sousa, J.H., Willis, D.J., Persson, P.O., Granlund, K., Ol, M.V. (2013) "Design, Construction, and Validation of Compliant Wings for Flapping Flight," AIAA-Aerodynamics Conference 2013
  • Willis, D.J., Persson, P.O. (2013) "Generating LEVs on Energetically Optimal, Flapping Wing Designs by Modulating Leading Edge Angle," AIAA-Aerodynamics Conference 2013
  • Willis, D.J. (2013) "Implementing Automatic-Wake Body Intersections for Full Aircraft Configurations in Dirichlet Panel Methods," AIAA-Aerodynamics Conference 2013
  • Damplo, M., Niezrecki, C., Willis, D.J., Chen, J., Niemi, E.E., Agnihotra, S., Manohar, S., Desabrais, K., Charette, C. (2013) "Investigation of sensing textiles for intelligent parachute systems," AIAA Aerodynamic Decelerator Systems (ADS) Conference 2013
  • Desabrais, K., Rondeau, N., Fitek, J., Gibson, P., Godfrey, T., Willis, D.J. (2013) "Investigations of Parachute Fabric Permeability Under An Unsteady Pressure Differential," 22nd AIAA Aerodynamic Decelerator Systems Technology Conference
  • Willis, D.J. (2013) "Pilot Study: Impact of Service and Traditional Projects on Student Motivation, Learning and Professional Perspectives," 2013 ASEE Northeast Section Conference
  • Salehipour, H., Willis, D.J. (2013) "A coupled kinematics-energetics model for predicting energy efficient flapping flight," Journal of theoretical biology 318: pp. 173-196
  • Willis, D.J. (2012) "Automatic Wake-Body Intersections In Computational Aerodynamics," Automatic Wake-Body Intersections In Computational Aerodynamics
  • Damplo, M., Niezrecki, C., Willis, D.J., Chen, J., Niemi, E.E., Agnihotra, S., Manohar, S., Desabrais, K., Charette, C. (2012) "Sensing of electrically conductive textiles and capacitance sensor-embedded fabrics for parachutes," Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering 8345:
  • Favini, E., Agnihotra, S., Surwade, S.P., Niezrecki, C., Willis, D.J., Chen, J., Niemi, E., Desabrais, K., Charette, C., Manohar, S.K. (2012) "Sensing Performance of Electrically Conductive Fabrics and Suspension Lines for Parachute Systems," Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures 23:17 pp. 1969-1986
  • Willis, D.J. (2012) "Using Enriched Basis Functions for Automatically Handling Wake-Body Intersections in Source-Doublet Potential Panel Methods," 50th AIAA-ASM Meeting
  • Willis, D.J., Bahlman, J., Breuer, K.S., Swartz, S.M. (2011) "Computational Study of Optimal Short Range Gliding Behavior," AIAA Journal 49:12
  • Salehipour, H., Willis, D.J. (2011) "A Coupled Energetics-Kinematics Wake-Only Energetics Prediction Tool," Wake-Only Energetics
  • Willis, D.J. (2011) "A quasi-inverse DLM for Micro Aerial Vehicle Flapping Wing Design," QI-DLM
  • Persson, P.O., Willis, D.J., Peraire, J. (2011) "Numerical Simulation of Flapping Wings using a Panel Method and a High-Order Navier-Stokes Solver," International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering
  • Favini, E., Niezrecki, C., Manohar, S.K., Willis, D.J., Chen, J., Niemi, E., Desabrais, K., Charette, C. (2011) "Sensing Performance of Electrically Conductive Fabrics and Dielectric Electro Active Polymers for Parachutes," 2011 SPIE Smart Structures and Materials
  • Iriarte-Diaz, J., Riskin, D.K., Willis, D.J., Breuer, K.S., Swartz, S.M. (2011) "Whole-body kinematics of a fruit bat reveal the influence of wing inertia on body accelerations," The Journal of Experimental Biology 214: pp. 1546-1553
  • Willis, D.J. (2011) "Energetics Considerations in Parachute Aerodynamic Design," AIAA-ADS
  • Favini, E., Niezrecki, C., Chen, J., Willis, D.J., Niemi, E., Manohar, S. (2011) "Sensing Performance of Electrically Conductive Parachute Fabrics," AIAA-ADS
  • Willis, D.J., White, J.K., Peraire, J. (2011) "A pFFT Accelerated Linear Strength BEM Potential Solver," MSM '04 7th International Conference on Modeling and Simulation of Microsystems
  • Karni, E., Johnson, M., Stiltner, B., Fogleman, K., Gelhausen, P., Willis, D.J., Lind, R., Patil, M. (2011) "A Software Suite for Conceptual Design of Flapping Wing MAVs," AIAA-ASM
  • Persson, P.O., Willis, D.J. (2011) "High Fidelity Simulations of Flapping Wings Designed for Energetically Optimal Flight," AIAA-ASM
  • Salehipour, H., Willis, D.J. (2010) "A Novel Energetics Model for Examining Flapping Flight in Nature and Engineering," 2010 ECCOMAS CFD Conference
  • Favini, E., Niezrecki, C., Chen, J., Willis, D.J., Niemi, E., Desabrais, K.J. (2010) " Review of Smart Material Technologies for Active Parachute Applications," 2010 SPIE Smart Structures and Materials, Proc. SPIE 7643:
  • Salehipour, H., Willis, D.J. (2010) "A Wake-Only Energetics Model for Preliminary Design of Biologically- Inspired Micro Air Vehicles," AIAA-AFM
  • Willis, D.J., Salehipour, H. (2010) "Preliminary Design of Three-Dimensional Flapping Wings from a Wake- Only Energetics Model," AIAA Atmospheric Flight Mechanics Conference
  • Willis, D.J., Persson, P.O., Salehipour, H., Peraire, J. (2010) "A multi-fidelity framework for designing compliant flapping wings," Fifth European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics ECCOMAS CFD 2010
  • Salehipour, H., Willis, D.J. (2010) "A coupled kinematics and energetics model for flapping flight," 2010 Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit
  • Persson, P.O., Willis, D.J., Peraire, J. (2010) "The Numerical Simulation of Flapping Wings at Low Reynolds Numbers," 2010 Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit
  • Willis, D.J., Bahlman, J., Swartz, S.M., Breuer, K.S. (2009) "Energetically Optimal Flight Trajectories for Short Range Gliding Animals," AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference
  • Swartz, S.M., Breuer, K.S., Willis, D.J. (2008) "Aeromechanics in Aeroecology: Flight Biology in the Aero- sphere," Integrative and Comparative Biology 48:1 pp. 9598
  • Riskin, D.K., Willis, D.J., Diaz, J.I., Hedrick, T.L., Kostandov, M., Chen, J., Laidlaw, D.H., Breuer, K.S., Swartz, S.M. (2008) "Quantifying the complexity of bat wing kinematics," Journal of Theoretical Biology, 254: pp. 604-615
  • Willis, D.J., Israeli, E.R., Peraire, J. (2008) "Computational Investigation and Design of Compliant Wings for Biologically Inspired Flight Vehicles," 26th Congress of International Council of the Aeronautical Science
  • Willis, D.J., Persson, P.O., Israeli, E.R., Breuer, K.S., Swartz, S.M., Peraire, J. (2008) "Multi-fidelity Approaches for the Computational Analysis and Design of Effective Flapping Wing Vehicles," Proceedings of the 46th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit
  • Willis, D.J., Peraire, J., White, J.K. (2007) "A Combined pFFT-Multipole Tree Code, Unsteady Panel Method with Vortex Particle Wakes," International Journal of Numerical Methods in Fluids 53: pp. 1399-1422
  • Willis, D.J., Kostandov, M., Riskin, D.K., Laidlaw, D.H., Breuer, K.S., Swartz, S.M. (2007) "Modeling the Flight of a Bat," Science Magazine 317: pp. 1858-1863
  • Bardhan, J.P., Altman, M.D., Willis, D.J., Lippow, S.M., Tidor, B., White, J.K. (2007) "Numerical Integration Techniques for Curved-Element Discretizations of Molecule-Solvent Interfaces," Journal of Chemical Physics
  • Chen, J., Forsberg, A., Kostandov, M., Willis, D.J., Laidlaw, D.H. (2007) "The Effect of Using Large, High Resolution Stereoscopic Displays for Flow Visualization," International Conference on Computational Graphics and Interactive Techniques, Human Computer Interaction
  • Willis, D.J., Persson, P.O., Drela, M., Breuer, K.S., Swartz, S.M., Peraire, J. (2007) "A Computational Framework for Fluid Structure Interaction in Biologically-Inspired Flapping Flight," Proceedings of the 25th AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference
  • Willis, D.J., Breuer, K.S., Peraire, J. (2007) "A Computational Investigation of Bio-Inspired Formation Flight and Ground Effect," Proceedings of the 25th AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference
  • Swartz, S., Diaz, S., Riskin, D.K., Song, A., Tian, X., Willis, D.J., Breuer, K.S. (2007) "Wing Structure and the Aerodynamic Basis of Flight in Bats," Proceedings of the 45th AIAA Aerospace Science Meeting
  • Willis, D.J. (2006) "An pFFT-FMM accelerated, unsteady, Computational Aerodynamics Solver," FastAero
  • Willis, D.J., Peraire, J., Drela, M., White, J.K. (2006) "A Numerical Exploration of Parameter Dependence in Power Optimal Flapping Flight," Proceedings of the 24th Applied Aerodynamics Conference
  • Willis, D.J., Peraire, J., White, J.K. (2006) "A Quadratic Basis Function, Quadratic Geometry, High Or- der Panel Method," Proceedings of the 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting
  • Sequeira, C.J., Willis, D.J., Peraire, J. (2006) "Comparing Aerodynamic Models for Numerical Simulation of Dynamics and Control of Aircraft," Proceedings of the 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting
  • Willis, D.J., Peraire, J., White, J.K. (2005) "FastAero - a Precorrected FFT - Fast Multipole Tree Steady and Unsteady Potential Flow Solver," SMA Symposium
  • Willis, D.J., Peraire, J., White, J.K. (2005) "A Combined pFFT-Multipole Tree Code, Unsteady Panel Method with Vortex Particle Wakes," Proceedings of the 43rd AIAA Aerospace Science Meeting,
  • Willis, D.J., White, J., Peraire, J. (2004) "A pFFT Accelerated BEM Linear Strength Potential Solver," Proceedings of 5th International Symposium on Computational Technologies for Fluid/Thermal/Stress Systems with Industrial Applications, CFD for Design and Optimization

Presentations

  • - UML Wind Energy Conference,
  • Improving the Aerodynamics of A Skeleton Sled - 2012 ISEE Conference, 2012
  • Improving the Aerodynamics of A Skeleton Sled - 2012 Student Research Symposium, 2012 - Lowell, MA
  • Computational and Experimental Fluid Dynamics Research at UML, November 2012 - Lowell, MA
  • Energetics in Aerodynamics, October 2012
  • Computational and Experimental Fluid Dynamics Research at UML - Cooper Perkins Engineering Consultants, 2011
  • Biologically Inspired Flight - AFRL-RQSE, November 2011 - Wright Patterson Air Force Base
  • - UMass Lowells Provosts Discussion Dinner on the First Year Experience, 2010 - Lowell, MA
  • Computation for Understanding (aero-structural aspects of ) Biologically Inspired Flight - International Micro Aerial Vehicle 2009 (iMAV 09) competition, June 2009 - Pensacola Florida
  • Computation for Understanding Biologically Inspired Flight - Presented at Giant Leaps MIT: MIT's 40th Anniversary Celebration of the 1969 Apollo Moon Landing, June 2009
  • Computational modeling of the aeromechanics of a bat (Cynopterus brachyotis), January 2009
  • Using Computation to Understand Biologically Inspired Flight, January 2009 - National University of Singapore (NUS)
  • Using Computation to Understand Biologically Inspired Flight, September 2008
  • Boundary Element Methods for the Preliminary Design, Analysis and Optimization of Compliant Flapping Wings - WCCM-Eccomas, July 2008 - Venice, Italy
  • High Order Discontinuous Galerkin Methods, Algorithms and Applications - Unstructured Grid Technology for CFD, March 2008 - Eglin, FL
  • Multi-fidelity Computational Investigations of Biologically Inspired Flapping Flight, March 2008 - The Catholic University of America
  • Multi-fidelity Computational Investigations of Biologically Inspired Unsteady Aerodynamics, February 2008 - Loyola Marymount University
  • Computational Design and Analysis of Flapping Wing Vehicles, February 2008 - Arlington Catholic high School
  • A Multi-fidelity Framework for Modeling Biologically Inspired Flapping Flight - 14th International Conference for Finite Elements in Flow Problems, 2007 - Santa Fe, New Mexico
  • Examining the exploitation of passive structural compliance in apping wings - 4th Massachusetts Institute of Technology Conference on Fluid and Solid Mechanics, 2007 - Boston, Massachusetts
  • Invention, Innovation and Science in your Daily Life, December 2007 - John D. Runkle Elementary School
  • Aeroelasticity, Bat Flight and Computations - John Dugundji's Visiting Aeroelasticians, MIT, October 2007 - Boston, MA
  • Examining and Understanding Flapping Flight: A Convergence of Biology, Engineering and Computer Science, September 2007 - Brown University
  • Computational Investigations of Biologically Inspired Flapping Flight - ACDL Seminar, April 2007 - MIT
  • Computational Investigations of Biologically Inspired Flapping Flight, February 2007 - Smith College
  • A Computational Framework for Investigating Parameter Dependence in Flapping Flight - 7th World Congress on Computational Mechanics, 2006 - Los Angeles, California
  • Parametric Dependencies in Aero-Elastic, Articulated, Flapping Flight - American Physical Society, 59th Annual Meeting of the DFD, 2006 - Tampa, Florida

Contracts, Fellowships, Grants and Sponsored Research

  • Dynamic Stall in Rotation and Translation (), - NSF
    Willis, D.
  • Fostering Growth of Wind energy in Massachusetts (), Grant - Massachusetts Clean Energy Center
    Willis, D.
  • Hands-on MADE 4 ME (Hands-on Machining, Analysis and Design Experiences for Mechanical Engineering) (), Grant - National Science Foundation
    Willis, D.
  • Wind Tunnel Testing (), Grant - Airmar
    Willis, D.
  • Team UML-WIND: Wind Inspired by Natural Designs (), - National Renewable Energy Lab
    Willis, D.
  • Transient Fluid-Structure Interaction of Transverse Permeability in Fabrics (), - NSF
    Willis, D.
  • Wind Tunnel Testing (), - Lincoln Labs
    Willis, D.
  • AIRTECH -- Airdrop Innovative Research and Technologies (2015), Grant - US Army Natick Soldier Research Development and Engineering Center
    Sherwood, J.A., Amirkhizi, A.V., Chakrabarti, S., Driscoll, S.B., Hansen, C.J., Nagarajan, R., Niezrecki, C., Willis, D.J.
  • I/UCRC: Wind Energy, Science, Technology, and Research (WindSTAR) (2014), - Division of Industrial Innovation and Partnerships, National Science Foundation
    Schmidt, D. (Co-Principal), Niezrecki, C. (Principal), Willis, D.J. (Co-Principal), Avitabile, P. (Co-Principal), Hansen, C.J. (Co-Principal)
  • Collaborative Research: I/UCRC for Wind Energy, Science, Technology, and Research (WindSTAR) (2014), Grant - National Science Foundation and company members
    Sherwood, J.A., Avitabile, P., Niezrecki, C., Hansen, C.J., Willis, D.J.
  • Team UML-WIND 2016 (2015), Grant - U.S. Department Of Energy
    Hansen, C.J. (Co-Principal), Willis, D.J. (Principal), Johnston, S.P. (Co-Principal), Niezrecki, C. (Co-Principal), Darish, M. (Co-Principal)
  • 2015 Wind Energy Research Workshop (2015), Grant - National Science Foundation
    Hansen, C.J. (Co-Principal), Willis, D.J. (Principal), Sherwood, J.A. (Co-Principal), Niezrecki, C. (Co-Principal), Inalpolat, M. (Co-Principal)
  • Hands-on MADE 4 ME (Hands-on Machining, Analysis and Design Experiences for Mecha (2013), Grant -
    Willis, D.J. (Principal)
  • Hands-on Machining, Analysis and Design Experiences for Mechanical Engineers (2013), Grant - NSF TUES program
    Johnston, S.P., Willis, D.J., Hansen, C.J., Shina, S.G.
  • The Center for High-rate Nanomanufacturing (Renewal) (2009), Contract - NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION
    Willis, D.J. (Co-Principal)
  • Team UML-WIND: Wind Inspired by Natural Designs (2013), Grant - U.S. Department Of Energy
    Johnston, S.P., Willis, D.J., Hansen, C.J., Niezrecki, C., Yang, Y.
  • Income Account for 2011 Wind Energy Research Workshop (2011), -
    Willis, D.J. (Co-Principal)
  • Effect of Time Dependent Pressure Differentials on Material Porosity and Permeabi (2011), -
    Willis, D.J. (Principal)
  • Collaborative Research: Planning Grant: I/UCRC for Wind Energy, Science, Technolo (2012), Grant -
    Willis, D.J. (Co-Principal)
  • I/UCRC for Wind Energy, Science, Technology, and Research (2012), Grant - National Science Foundation
    Willis, D.
  • Wind Tunnel Testing of Airmar Prototype 300wx Weatherstation (2012), -
    Willis, D.J. (Principal)
  • Wind Energy Research Workshop (2011), Grant - National Science Foundation
    Willis, D.
  • Effect of Time Dependent Pressure Dierentials on Material Porosity and Permeability (2010), Grant - Natick Soldier Research, Development and Engineering Center
    Willis, D.
  • NSF Engineering (2010), Grant - Common Good
    Willis, D.
  • Biologically Inspired Flight (2009), Contract - Brown University, AFOSR MURI
    Willis, D.
  • Smart Materials for Parachutes (2009), Grant - Natick Soldier Research, Development and Engineering Center
    Willis, D.
  • Biologically-Inspired Flight for Micro Air Vehicles (2008), Contract - U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE
    Willis, D.J. (Principal)
  • Workshop: 2011 Wind Energy Research Workshop, Lowell, MA August 2011 (2011), Grant -
    Willis, D.J. (Co-Principal)
  • Wind Tunnel Testing of Airmar Prototype 300wx Weatherstation (2010), -
    Willis, D.J. (Co-Principal)
  • Wind Tunnel Testing of a Loud Hailer Speaker System (2010), - U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE
    Willis, D.J. (Co-Principal)