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Danjue Chen

Umass Lowell faculty Danjue Chen
Dr. Danjue ChenAssistant Professor

Research Interests

  • Connected, autonomous vehicles
  • Traffic flow modeling & simulation
  • Traffic control, ITS
  • Smart-Eco truck freight

Education

  • Ph D: Civil & Environmental Engineering, (2012), Georgia Institute of Technology
    Supporting Area: Specialty: traffic flow theory and traffic simulation.
    Dissertation/Thesis Title: Studies of Traffic Oscillations: A Behavioral Perspective.
  • BS: Environmental Science, (2007), Peking University - China
    Supporting Area: Applied Mathematics
    Dissertation/Thesis Title: Air Quality Analysis

Biography

Dr. Danjue Chen is an Assistant Professor in the Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Massachusetts Lowell. Prior to UMass Lowell, she worked as a Researcher at the University of Wisconsin - Madison (2013-2016), and a postdoc (2012-2013) at California PATH at University of California, Berkeley. She had her PhD from the Georgia Institute of Technology in 2012.

Awards and Honors

  • Student Fellowship of the 19th International Symposium on Transportation and Traffic Theory (2011)
  • Wayne Shackelford Engineering Scholarship (2010), Scholarship/Research - ITS Georgia

Publications

  • Chilukuri, B.R., Laval, J.A., Chen, D. () "Continuum Approximation for System-wide Ramp Metering: Efficiency and Equity,"
  • Chen, D., Laval, J.A., Chilukuri, R.B. () "Features of oscillations when propagating through a homogenous highway segment,"
  • Han, Y., Chen, D., Ahn, S. (2017) "Variable speed limit control at fixed freeway bottlenecks using connected vehicles," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological 98: pp. Pages–113
  • Chen, D., Ahn, S., Bang, S., Noyce, D. (2016) "Car-Following and Lane-Changing Behavior Involving Heavy Vehicles," 16-5617
  • van Arem, B., Abbas, M.M., Li, X., Head, L., Zhou, X., Chen, D., Bertini, R., Mattingly, S.P., Wang, H., Orosz, G. (2016) "Integrated Traffic Flow Models and Analysis for Automated Vehicles," Springer International Publishing pp. 249–258
  • Han, Y., Chen, D., Ahn, S. (2016) "Variable Speed Limit Control at Fixed Freeway Bottlenecks Using Connected Vehicles," 16-5649
  • Han, Y., Chen, D., Ahn, S., Hegyi, A. (2015) "Analysis of driver response and traffic evolution under variable speed limit control," Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 2490 pp. 1–10
  • Lu, X., Lee, J., Chen, D., Bared, J., Dailey, D., Shladover, S.E. (2014) "Freeway micro-simulation calibration: case study using Aimsun and VISSIM with detailed field data,"
  • Chen, D., Ahn, S., Laval, J., Zheng, Z. (2014) "On the periodicity of traffic oscillations and capacity drop: the role of driver characteristics," Transportation research part B: methodological 59: pp. 117–136
  • Lu, X., Chen, D., Shladover, S.E. (2014) "Preparations for Field Testing of Combined Variable Speed Advisory and Coordinated Ramp Metering for Freeway Traffic Control,"
  • Chen, D., Ahn, S. (2014) "Variable speed limit control for severe non-recurrent freeway bottlenecks," Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies 51: pp. 210–230
  • Chilukuri, B.R., Laval, J.A., Chen, D. (2013) "Some Traffic Features During On-ramp Queue Flush," 13-0987
  • Zheng, Z., Ahn, S., Chen, D., Laval, J. (2013) "The effects of lane-changing on the immediate follower: Anticipation, relaxation, and change in driver characteristics," Transportation research part C: emerging technologies 26: pp. 367–379
  • Chen, D., Ahn, S., Zheng, Z., Laval, J. (2013) "Traffic Hysteresis and the Evolution of Stop-and-Go Oscillations," 13-4611
  • Chen, D., Laval, J., Zheng, Z., Ahn, S. (2012) "A behavioral car-following model that captures traffic oscillations," Transportation research part B: methodological 46:6 pp. 744–761
  • Hegyi, A., Shladover, S., Lu, X., Chen, D. (2012) "A cooperative speed control algorithm to resolve jams," Delft University of Technology: Delft, The Netherlands
  • Chen, D., Laval, J.A., Ahn, S., Zheng, Z. (2012) "Microscopic traffic hysteresis in traffic oscillations: A behavioral perspective," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological 46:10 pp. 1440–1453
  • Chen, D. (2012) "Studies of traffic oscillations: a behavioral perspective," Georgia Institute of Technology
  • Zheng, Z., Ahn, S., Chen, D., Laval, J. (2011) "Applications of wavelet transform for analysis of freeway traffic: Bottlenecks, transient traffic, and traffic oscillations," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological 45:2 pp. 372–384
  • Zheng, Z., Ahn, S., Chen, D., Laval, J. (2011) "Freeway traffic oscillations: microscopic analysis of formations and propagations using wavelet transform," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological 45:9 pp. 1378–1388
  • Chen, D., Laval, J.A. (2010) "Analytical and Graphical Solutions for Dynamic User Optimum Assignment of a Highway-City Street Network," 10-1612
  • Laval, J., Chen, D., Amer, K., Guin, A., Ahn, S. (2009) "Evolution of oscillations in congested traffic: improved estimation method and additional empirical evidence," Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 2124 pp. 194–202

Presentations

  • Variable speed limit control to increase discharge rate at freeway incident bottlenecks. - Symposium Celebrating 20 Years of Traffic Flow Theory, 2014 - Portland, Oregon
  • A variable speed limit scheme based on the kinematic wave theory. - The 93rd Annual Meeting of Transportation Research Board, 2014 - Washington D.C.
  • Freeway Micro-simulation calibration: case study using Aimsun and Vissim with detailed field data. - The 93rd Annual Meeting of Transportation Research Board, 2014 - Washington D.C.
  • Some traffic features during on-ramp queue flush. - 92nd Annual Meeting of Transportation Research Board, 2013 - Washington D.C.
  • Traffic hysteresis and the evolution of stop-and-go oscillations., 2013 - Washington D.C
  • Traffic hysteresis and capacity drop in traffic oscillations - Seminar at Delft University of Technology, September 2013 - Netherlands
  • “An asymmetric behavioral car-following model”, “Traffic hysteresis in traffic oscillations”, March 2013 - Tempe, AZ
  • Studies of traffic oscillations: a behavioral perspective. - Doctoral Student Research in Transportation Modeling, the 91st Annual Meeting of Transportation Research Board, 2012 - Washington D.C.
  • Traffic hysteresis and the evolution of stop-and-go oscillations. - The 1ST European symposium on Quantitative Methods in Transportation Systems, 2012 - Lausanne, Switzerland
  • Effects of Queue Spillback in User Optimum Dynamic Traffic Assignment Problem: Analytical and Graphical Solutions on Simple Network - The 91st Annual Meeting of Transportation Research Board, 2012 - Washington D.C
  • Traffic Hysteresis in Traffic Oscillations: Driver Behavioral Perspective. - The 91st Annual Meeting of Transportation Research Board, 2012 - Washington D.C.
  • Traffic Oscillations: Behavioral Car-Following Model. - The 91st Annual Meeting of Transportation Research Board, 2012 - Washington D.C.
  • Smart traffic, less congestion, better life - Award ceremony of ITS Georgia Wayne Shackelford Engineering scholarship, 2011 - Georgia
  • Freeway traffic oscillations: microscopic analysis of formations and propagations using wavelet transform. - National Science Foundation Civil, Mechanical and Manufacturing Innovation Engineering Research and Innovation Conference, 2011
  • Applications of wavelet transform for analysis of freeway traffic: bottlenecks, transient traffic, and traffic oscillations - The 90th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, 2011 - Washington D.C.
  • The impact of lane-changing on the immediate follower: anticipation, relaxation, and behavioral change. - The 90th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, 2011 - Washington D.C.
  • Analytical and graphical solutions for the dynamic user optimum assignment of a highway-citystreet network. - The 89th Annual Meeting of Transportation Research Board, 2010 - Washington D.C.
  • Continuum approximation for system-wide ramp metering efficiency and equity. - Traffic Flow Theory 2010 Summer Meeting, 2010 - France
  • Evolution of oscillations in congested traffic: improved estimated method and additional empirical evidence.” - The 88th Annual Meeting of Transportation Research Board, 2009 - Washington D.C.
  • Analysis of driver response and traffic evolution under VSL control. - The 94th Annual Meeting of Transportation Research Board, 2001 - Washington D.C.

Contracts, Fellowships, Grants and Sponsored Research

  • Leverage Data Analytics and Game Theory to Study Complex Urban Transportation (2017), Grant - Internal Seed Funding Program
    Summerfield, N. (Co-Principal), Chen, D. (Principal), Deokar, A. (Co-Principal)

Research Currently in Progress

  • Connected, Automated Vehicles

    Center and CFIRE National Center for Freight & Infrastructure Research & Education) Modeling traffic dynamics of mixed traffic (manual, connected and automated vehicles). Developing variable speed limit control (VSL) using low penetration of connected vehicles to improve traffic operation and safety.
    Chen, D., Ahn, S., Noyce, D., Shladover, S.

  • Control & Management for Traffic Operation

    Modeling impacts of heavy duty trucks in freight corridors and hubs. Developing control and management strategies to improve operation and reduce criteria pollutant emission. Developed Variable Speed Limit (VSL) schemes for freeways with recurrent and non-recurrent bottlenecks to improve operation efficiency and reduce safety risk. Designed and evaluated coordinated VSL-ramp metering algorithms for field implementation.
    Chen, D., Shladover, S., Lu, X., Ahn, S., Hegyi, A.

  • Network Modeling and Management

    Modeling impacts of information technology on urban network operation. Derived analytical & graphical solutions to the dynamic user optimum network routing problems. Developed a method to derive the equilibrium of dynamic routing problems.
    Chen, D., Ahn, S., Laval, J.

  • Traffic Flow Modeling & Simulation

    (Sponsor: National Science Foundation) Modeling mechanism of traffic breakdown at lane-drop and merge freeway bottlenecks. Analyzing capacity of freeway weaving bottlenecks. Modeled the formation and propagation mechanism of freeway oscillations (stop-and-go). Unveiled the mechanism of periodicity of traffic oscillations. Quantified the capacity-drop (underutilization) effect induced by variable driver characteristics.
    Chen, D., Laval, J., Ahn, S., Zheng, Z.